Abstract

We report the extension of the technique of molecular modulation to a deuterium-filled optical fiber. Using driving lasers at 807 and 1064nm, each with a pulse energy of several millijoules and a 200μm diameter fiber with a length of 22.5cm, we generate 12 sidebands with wavelengths spanning 1.56μm to 254nm.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2894 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 562 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, M. Y. Shverdin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233601 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. V. Sokolov, M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, A. M. Burzo, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 285 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033402 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. R. B. Miles, G. Laufer, and G. C. Bjorklund, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 417 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Nisoli, S. D. Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, U. Keller, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. D. Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Opt. Lett. 28, 1987 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. Pfeifer, R. Kemmer, R. Spitzenpfeil, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, G. Gerber, and C. Spielmann, Opt. Lett. 30, 1497 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Y. Tamaki, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4041 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. M. Zheltikov, Phys. Usp. 45, 687 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. M. Burzo, A. V. Chugreev, and A. V. Sokolov, Opt. Commun. 264, 454 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  15. E. Sali, K. J. Mendham, J. W. G. Tisch, T. Halfmann, and J. P. Marangos, Opt. Lett. 29, 495 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

A. M. Burzo, A. V. Chugreev, and A. V. Sokolov, Opt. Commun. 264, 454 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

T. Pfeifer, R. Kemmer, R. Spitzenpfeil, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, G. Gerber, and C. Spielmann, Opt. Lett. 30, 1497 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Sokolov, M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, A. M. Burzo, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

2002 (2)

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Zheltikov, Phys. Usp. 45, 687 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033402 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 562 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

Y. Tamaki, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4041 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2894 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. Nisoli, S. D. Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

R. B. Miles, G. Laufer, and G. C. Bjorklund, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 417 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Baertschy, M.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartels, R. A.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biegert, J.

Bjorklund, G. C.

R. B. Miles, G. Laufer, and G. C. Bjorklund, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 417 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Burzo, A. M.

A. M. Burzo, A. V. Chugreev, and A. V. Sokolov, Opt. Commun. 264, 454 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, A. M. Burzo, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chugreev, A. V.

A. M. Burzo, A. V. Chugreev, and A. V. Sokolov, Opt. Commun. 264, 454 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Elsaesser, T.

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gerber, G.

Greene, C. H.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Halfmann, T.

Harris, S. E.

A. V. Sokolov, M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, A. M. Burzo, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, M. Y. Shverdin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233601 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033402 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 562 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2894 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keller, U.

Kemmer, R.

Korn, G.

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Laufer, G.

R. B. Miles, G. Laufer, and G. C. Bjorklund, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 417 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Marangos, J. P.

Mendham, K. J.

Midorikawa, K.

Y. Tamaki, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4041 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Miles, R. B.

R. B. Miles, G. Laufer, and G. C. Bjorklund, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 417 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nagata, Y.

Y. Tamaki, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4041 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nazarkin, A.

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

Obara, M.

Y. Tamaki, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4041 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pfeifer, T.

Sali, E.

Sansone, G.

Schenkel, B.

Shverdin, M. Y.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Sokolov, M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, A. M. Burzo, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, M. Y. Shverdin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233601 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Silvestri, S. D.

Sokolov, A. V.

A. M. Burzo, A. V. Chugreev, and A. V. Sokolov, Opt. Commun. 264, 454 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, A. M. Burzo, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033402 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 562 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2894 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, C.

Spitzenpfeil, R.

Stagira, S.

Svelto, O.

Tamaki, Y.

Y. Tamaki, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4041 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tisch, J. W. G.

Vozzi, C.

Wagner, N.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walker, D. R.

A. V. Sokolov, M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, A. M. Burzo, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, M. Y. Shverdin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233601 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033402 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 562 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walter, D.

Weinacht, T. C.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Winterfeldt, C.

Wittmann, M.

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yavuz, D. D.

A. V. Sokolov, M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, A. M. Burzo, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, M. Y. Shverdin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233601 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033402 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 562 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yin, G. Y.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Sokolov, M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, A. M. Burzo, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, M. Y. Shverdin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233601 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033402 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 562 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheltikov, A. M.

A. M. Zheltikov, Phys. Usp. 45, 687 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

R. B. Miles, G. Laufer, and G. C. Bjorklund, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 417 (1977).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. D. Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

A. V. Sokolov, M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, A. M. Burzo, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, J. Mod. Opt. 52, 285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. M. Burzo, A. V. Chugreev, and A. V. Sokolov, Opt. Commun. 264, 454 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

Y. Tamaki, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. A 59, 4041 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033402 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2894 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 562 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, M. Y. Shverdin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233601 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 013903 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Usp. (1)

A. M. Zheltikov, Phys. Usp. 45, 687 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. Drive lasers are combined on a dichroic beam splitter. UV-grade fused silica lenses focus the drive lasers into the laser-cleaved hollow fiber and focus the output light onto a pyroelectric detector (not shown). The gas chamber is filled with 200 Torr deuterium.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Energy of generated sidebands at the output of the gas cell with and without a hollow fiber. The input drive energies are 2.8 mJ for each drive laser. The 1064 and 807 nm drive wavelengths are labeled as 1 and 0, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Percentage of total incident energy converted to sideband energy. Generation is shown (a) in a hollow fiber with 5.8 mJ total incident energy and (b) in free space with 120 mJ total incident energy and a 30 cm confocal parameter.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spatial modes of generated sidebands projected onto a white screen. Sideband wavelengths from left to right are 807 (faint), 650, 544, 488, 410, 365, 330, and 300 nm . The 650, 544, 488, and 410 nm beams have been attenuated by a factor of 10 with a neutral-density filter.

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