Abstract

We present what we believe to be the first true three-level laser based on a Nd-doped crystal. From the F324I924 laser transition, the lower laser level being the ground state, emission at 879nm in NdGdVO4 has been obtained with diode pumping. Up to 0.8W of power has been achieved in cw operation and 24μJ per pulse (35ns) in the Q-switched regime. Intracavity second-harmonic generation in the pulsed regime is also demonstrated with 178mW of average output power at 439.5nm, corresponding to an energy of 17μJ per pulse.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. Marshall, Laser Focus World , October 2004, p. 79.
  2. J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, P. Riedel, G. Maze, and A. Tunnermann, "Laser oscillation in yellow and blue spectral range in Dy3+:ZBLAN," Electron. Lett. 36, 1386 (1991).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2006 (1)

S. Bjurshagen, R. Koch, and F. Laurell, Opt. Commun. 261, 109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

2004 (1)

L. Marshall, Laser Focus World , October 2004, p. 79.

2003 (4)

2002 (1)

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, Opt. Commun. 205, 361 (2002).

1999 (1)

H. Zellmer, P. Riedel, and A. Tunnermann, Appl. Phys. B 69, 417 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, and C. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2621 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, P. Riedel, G. Maze, and A. Tunnermann, "Laser oscillation in yellow and blue spectral range in Dy3+:ZBLAN," Electron. Lett. 36, 1386 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1960 (1)

T. H. Maiman, Nature 187, 493 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Aka, G.

G. Aka, E. Reino, D. Vivien, F. Balembois, P. Georges, and B. Ferrand, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, M.E.Fermann and L.R.Marshall, eds. (Optical Society of America, 2002), p. 329.

Alam, S. A.

Balembois, F.

S. Yiou, F. Balembois, K. Schaffers, and P. Georges, Appl. Opt. 42, 4883 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Aka, E. Reino, D. Vivien, F. Balembois, P. Georges, and B. Ferrand, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, M.E.Fermann and L.R.Marshall, eds. (Optical Society of America, 2002), p. 329.

Bjurshagen, S.

S. Bjurshagen, R. Koch, and F. Laurell, Opt. Commun. 261, 109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Bjurshagen, D. Evekull, and R. Koch, Appl. Phys. B 76, 135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bouchier, A.

Coutts, D. W.

B. Jeffries and D. W. Coutts, "Three-level operation of a diode-bar-pumped Yb:S-FAP laser," Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Czeranowsky, C.

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, Opt. Commun. 205, 361 (2002).

Ding, Y. J.

Evekull, D.

S. Bjurshagen, D. Evekull, and R. Koch, Appl. Phys. B 76, 135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ferrand, B.

G. Aka, E. Reino, D. Vivien, F. Balembois, P. Georges, and B. Ferrand, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, M.E.Fermann and L.R.Marshall, eds. (Optical Society of America, 2002), p. 329.

Fu, L. B.

Georges, P.

A. Bouchier, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, Opt. Express 13, 6974 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yiou, F. Balembois, K. Schaffers, and P. Georges, Appl. Opt. 42, 4883 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Aka, E. Reino, D. Vivien, F. Balembois, P. Georges, and B. Ferrand, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, M.E.Fermann and L.R.Marshall, eds. (Optical Society of America, 2002), p. 329.

Grudinin, A. B.

Heumann, E.

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, Opt. Commun. 205, 361 (2002).

Huber, G.

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, Opt. Commun. 205, 361 (2002).

Jang, J. N.

Jeffries, B.

B. Jeffries and D. W. Coutts, "Three-level operation of a diode-bar-pumped Yb:S-FAP laser," Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Knappe, R.

L. Mc Donagh, R. Knappe, A. Nebel, and R. Wallenstein, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMS5.

Koch, R.

S. Bjurshagen, R. Koch, and F. Laurell, Opt. Commun. 261, 109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Bjurshagen, D. Evekull, and R. Koch, Appl. Phys. B 76, 135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kutovoi, S.

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, Opt. Commun. 205, 361 (2002).

Laporta, P.

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, and C. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2621 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Laurell, F.

S. Bjurshagen, R. Koch, and F. Laurell, Opt. Commun. 261, 109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, P. Riedel, G. Maze, and A. Tunnermann, "Laser oscillation in yellow and blue spectral range in Dy3+:ZBLAN," Electron. Lett. 36, 1386 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lucas-Leclin, G.

Lupei, V.

Maiman, T. H.

T. H. Maiman, Nature 187, 493 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Marshall, L.

L. Marshall, Laser Focus World , October 2004, p. 79.

Maze, G.

J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, P. Riedel, G. Maze, and A. Tunnermann, "Laser oscillation in yellow and blue spectral range in Dy3+:ZBLAN," Electron. Lett. 36, 1386 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Mc Donagh, L.

L. Mc Donagh, R. Knappe, A. Nebel, and R. Wallenstein, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMS5.

Moore, J.

Mu, X.

Nebel, A.

L. Mc Donagh, R. Knappe, A. Nebel, and R. Wallenstein, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMS5.

Nilsson, J.

Pavel, N.

Reino, E.

G. Aka, E. Reino, D. Vivien, F. Balembois, P. Georges, and B. Ferrand, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, M.E.Fermann and L.R.Marshall, eds. (Optical Society of America, 2002), p. 329.

Riedel, P.

H. Zellmer, P. Riedel, and A. Tunnermann, Appl. Phys. B 69, 417 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, P. Riedel, G. Maze, and A. Tunnermann, "Laser oscillation in yellow and blue spectral range in Dy3+:ZBLAN," Electron. Lett. 36, 1386 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

Sato, Y.

Schaffers, K.

Schmidt, M.

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, Opt. Commun. 205, 361 (2002).

Selvas, R.

Svelto, C.

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, and C. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2621 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Taccheo, S.

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, and C. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2621 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Taira, T.

Tunnermann, A.

H. Zellmer, P. Riedel, and A. Tunnermann, Appl. Phys. B 69, 417 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, P. Riedel, G. Maze, and A. Tunnermann, "Laser oscillation in yellow and blue spectral range in Dy3+:ZBLAN," Electron. Lett. 36, 1386 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Turner, P. W.

Vivien, D.

G. Aka, E. Reino, D. Vivien, F. Balembois, P. Georges, and B. Ferrand, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, M.E.Fermann and L.R.Marshall, eds. (Optical Society of America, 2002), p. 329.

Wallenstein, R.

L. Mc Donagh, R. Knappe, A. Nebel, and R. Wallenstein, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMS5.

Yiou, S.

Yla-Jarkko, K. H.

Zavartsev, Y.

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, Opt. Commun. 205, 361 (2002).

Zellmer, H.

H. Zellmer, P. Riedel, and A. Tunnermann, Appl. Phys. B 69, 417 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, P. Riedel, G. Maze, and A. Tunnermann, "Laser oscillation in yellow and blue spectral range in Dy3+:ZBLAN," Electron. Lett. 36, 1386 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

H. Zellmer, P. Riedel, and A. Tunnermann, Appl. Phys. B 69, 417 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Bjurshagen, D. Evekull, and R. Koch, Appl. Phys. B 76, 135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, and C. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2621 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, P. Riedel, G. Maze, and A. Tunnermann, "Laser oscillation in yellow and blue spectral range in Dy3+:ZBLAN," Electron. Lett. 36, 1386 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Sato and T. Taira, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 613 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Laser Focus World (1)

L. Marshall, Laser Focus World , October 2004, p. 79.

Nature (1)

T. H. Maiman, Nature 187, 493 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

B. Jeffries and D. W. Coutts, "Three-level operation of a diode-bar-pumped Yb:S-FAP laser," Opt. Commun. (to be published).

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, Opt. Commun. 205, 361 (2002).

S. Bjurshagen, R. Koch, and F. Laurell, Opt. Commun. 261, 109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (2)

L. Mc Donagh, R. Knappe, A. Nebel, and R. Wallenstein, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMS5.

G. Aka, E. Reino, D. Vivien, F. Balembois, P. Georges, and B. Ferrand, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 68 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, M.E.Fermann and L.R.Marshall, eds. (Optical Society of America, 2002), p. 329.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Energy structure of a Nd : GdVO 4 crystal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for cw operation and pulsed operation (inset). Ml, HT at 808 nm , HR at 879 nm ; M2, HR at 879 nm , HT at 1064 nm , radius of curvature (RoC) 200 mm ; M3, output coupler (transmission 25% or 3% at 879 nm ); M4, HR at 879 nm , HT at 1064 nm , RoC 200 mm ; M5, HR at 879 nm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Three-level laser emission at 880 nm with (a) a 3% output coupler in Nd : YVO 4 and Nd : GdVO 4 or (b) with a 25% output coupler in Nd : GdVO 4 .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Q-switched pulses at 912 and 879 nm .

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Spectroscopic Data for Nd : GdVO 4 , Nd : YVO 4 , and Nd : YAG

Tables Icon

Table 2 Laser Performance in Nd : GdVO 4 for the F 3 2 4 I 9 2 4 Laser Transition

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