Abstract

We study the influence of dielectric function of metals on the transmission properties of terahertz pulses through periodically patterned subwavelength holes. Because of a drastic increase in the value of dielectric constants, most metals become highly conductive at terahertz frequencies. Extraordinary terahertz transmission is observed in subwavelength hole arrays made from both good and poor electrical conductors. The measured transmittance of terahertz pulses is found to be enhanced with increasing ratio of the real to the imaginary dielectric constant of the constituent metals, for which the dielectric function follows the Drude model.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2005 (2)

A. K. Azad, Y. Zhao, and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 141102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Azad and W. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 30, 2945 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (9)

J. O'Hara, R. D. Averitt, and A. J. Taylor, Opt. Express 12, 6397 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Miyamaru and M. Hangyo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2742 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao and A. Nahata, Opt. Express 12, 1004 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, and C. R. Lawrence, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2040 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Akarca-Biyikli, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1098 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. J. K. Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Qu, D. Grischkowsky, and W. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 29, 896 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Qu and D. Grischkowsky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 196804 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 167401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Gómez Rivas, C. Schotsch, P. H. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, Phys. Rev. B 68, 201306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, K. M. Pellerin, and T. Thio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1569 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (2)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

Akarca-Biyikli, S. S.

S. S. Akarca-Biyikli, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1098 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Alexander, R. W.

Averitt, R. D.

Azad, A. K.

A. K. Azad and W. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 30, 2945 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Azad, Y. Zhao, and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 141102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bell, R. J.

Bell, R. R.

Bell, S. E.

Bolivar, P. H.

J. Gómez Rivas, C. Schotsch, P. H. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, Phys. Rev. B 68, 201306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brolo, A. G.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bulu, I.

S. S. Akarca-Biyikli, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1098 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cao, H.

Degiron, A.

L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 167401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 167401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, K. M. Pellerin, and T. Thio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1569 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Thio, H. F. Ghaemi, H. J. Lezec, P. A. Wolff, and T. W. Ebbesen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1743 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Enoch, S.

K. J. K. Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

García-Vidal, F. J.

L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 167401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. Thio, H. F. Ghaemi, H. J. Lezec, P. A. Wolff, and T. W. Ebbesen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1743 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gómez Rivas, J.

J. Gómez Rivas, C. Schotsch, P. H. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, Phys. Rev. B 68, 201306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, R.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grischkowsky, D.

Grupp, D. E.

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, K. M. Pellerin, and T. Thio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1569 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hangyo, M.

F. Miyamaru and M. Hangyo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2742 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hibbins, A. P.

M. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, and C. R. Lawrence, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2040 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kavanagh, K. L.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koerkamp, K. J. K.

K. J. K. Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuipers, L.

K. J. K. Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kurz, H.

J. Gómez Rivas, C. Schotsch, P. H. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, Phys. Rev. B 68, 201306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lawrence, C. R.

M. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, and C. R. Lawrence, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2040 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Leathem, B.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lezec, H. J.

L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 167401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, K. M. Pellerin, and T. Thio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1569 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Thio, H. F. Ghaemi, H. J. Lezec, P. A. Wolff, and T. W. Ebbesen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1743 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lockyear, M.

M. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, and C. R. Lawrence, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2040 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Long, L. L.

Martín-Moreno, L.

L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 167401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McKinnon, A.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miyamaru, F.

F. Miyamaru and M. Hangyo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2742 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nahata, A.

O'Hara, J.

Ordal, M. A.

Ozbay, E.

S. S. Akarca-Biyikli, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1098 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pellerin, K. M.

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, K. M. Pellerin, and T. Thio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1569 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Qu, D.

Raether, H.

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

Rajora, A.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sambles, J. R.

M. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, and C. R. Lawrence, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2040 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schotsch, C.

J. Gómez Rivas, C. Schotsch, P. H. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, Phys. Rev. B 68, 201306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Segerink, F. B.

K. J. K. Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taylor, A. J.

Thio, T.

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, K. M. Pellerin, and T. Thio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1569 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Thio, H. F. Ghaemi, H. J. Lezec, P. A. Wolff, and T. W. Ebbesen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1743 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

van Hulst, N. F.

K. J. K. Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ward, C. A.

Wolff, P. A.

T. Thio, H. F. Ghaemi, H. J. Lezec, P. A. Wolff, and T. W. Ebbesen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1743 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

Zhao, Y.

A. K. Azad, Y. Zhao, and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 141102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

D. E. Grupp, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, K. M. Pellerin, and T. Thio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1569 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Azad, Y. Zhao, and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 141102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Miyamaru and M. Hangyo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2742 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, and C. R. Lawrence, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2040 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Akarca-Biyikli, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1098 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (2)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

J. Gómez Rivas, C. Schotsch, P. H. Bolivar, and H. Kurz, Phys. Rev. B 68, 201306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, Phys. Rev. B 58, 6779 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

D. Qu and D. Grischkowsky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 196804 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 167401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. K. Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Frequency-dependent Drude model dielectric constants of Ag, Al, and Pb in the THz region (Ref. [8]): (a) real dielectric constant ϵ r m ; (b) imaginary dielectric constant ϵ i m . The vertical dashed lines indicate the observed [ ± 1 , 0 ] metal–Si resonance mode at 0.55 THz and the [ ± 1 , 0 ] metal–air mode at 1.60 THz .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured amplitude transmission of the array-on-silicon samples made from Ag, Al, and Pb. For clarity, the spectra of Al and Pb arrays are moved down by 0.3 and 0.6, respectively. The vertical dashed line indicates the calculated [ ± 1 , 0 ] metal–Si resonance mode at 0.55 THz . Inset, corresponding transmittance.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured amplitude transmission of the freestanding metallic arrays made from Ag, Al, and Pb. For clarity, the spectra of Al and Pb arrays are moved down by 0.3 and 0.6, respectively. The vertical dashed line indicates the calculated [ ± 1 , 0 ] metal–air resonance mode. Inset, corresponding transmittance.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Peak transmittance at the 0.55 [ ± 1 , 0 ] THz metal–Si mode for arrays made from Ag, Al, and Pb with different metal thicknesses. The dashed curves are to guide the eye.

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