Abstract

We present what is to our knowledge a new method for measuring the relative piston between two independent beams separated by a physical gap, typical of petawatt facilities. The feasibility of this measurement, based on quadriwave lateral shearing interferometry, has been demonstrated experimentally: piston has been measured with accuracy and sensitivity better than 50nm.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).
  2. T. Zhang, M. Yonemura, and Y. Kato, Opt. Commun. 145, 367 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. J. Kessler, J. Bunkenburg, H. Huang, A. Kozlov, and D. D. Meyerhofer, Opt. Lett. 29, 635 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. N. Blanchot, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, G. Marre, S. Montant, J. Néauport, C. Rouyer, C. Sauteret, and E. Sibé, 'Synthetic aperture compression scheme for multipetawatt high energy laser,' Appl. Opt. (to be published).
  5. J. Bunkenburg, T. J. Kessler, W. Skulski, and H. Huang, Opt. Lett. 31, 1561-1563 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Primot and N. Guérineau, Appl. Opt. 39, 5715 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (2)

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

J. Bunkenburg, T. J. Kessler, W. Skulski, and H. Huang, Opt. Lett. 31, 1561-1563 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2000 (1)

1997 (1)

T. Zhang, M. Yonemura, and Y. Kato, Opt. Commun. 145, 367 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Barty, C.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Blanchot, N.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

N. Blanchot, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, G. Marre, S. Montant, J. Néauport, C. Rouyer, C. Sauteret, and E. Sibé, 'Synthetic aperture compression scheme for multipetawatt high energy laser,' Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Borneis, S.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Britten, J.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Bunkenburg, J.

Cotel, A.

N. Blanchot, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, G. Marre, S. Montant, J. Néauport, C. Rouyer, C. Sauteret, and E. Sibé, 'Synthetic aperture compression scheme for multipetawatt high energy laser,' Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Danson, C.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Dawson, J.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Guérineau, N.

Huang, H.

Jovanovic, I.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Jungquist, R.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Kato, Y.

T. Zhang, M. Yonemura, and Y. Kato, Opt. Commun. 145, 367 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, J. H.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Kessler, T. J.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

J. Bunkenburg, T. J. Kessler, W. Skulski, and H. Huang, Opt. Lett. 31, 1561-1563 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Kessler, J. Bunkenburg, H. Huang, A. Kozlov, and D. D. Meyerhofer, Opt. Lett. 29, 635 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kozlov, A.

Kruschwitz, B.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Le Blanc, C.

N. Blanchot, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, G. Marre, S. Montant, J. Néauport, C. Rouyer, C. Sauteret, and E. Sibé, 'Synthetic aperture compression scheme for multipetawatt high energy laser,' Appl. Opt. (to be published).

LeBlanc, C.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

LeGarrec, B.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Marre, G.

N. Blanchot, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, G. Marre, S. Montant, J. Néauport, C. Rouyer, C. Sauteret, and E. Sibé, 'Synthetic aperture compression scheme for multipetawatt high energy laser,' Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Meyerhofer, D. D.

Miyanaga, N.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Montant, S.

N. Blanchot, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, G. Marre, S. Montant, J. Néauport, C. Rouyer, C. Sauteret, and E. Sibé, 'Synthetic aperture compression scheme for multipetawatt high energy laser,' Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Moses, E.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Néauport, J.

N. Blanchot, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, G. Marre, S. Montant, J. Néauport, C. Rouyer, C. Sauteret, and E. Sibé, 'Synthetic aperture compression scheme for multipetawatt high energy laser,' Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Primot, J.

Rambo, P. K.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Rouyer, C.

N. Blanchot, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, G. Marre, S. Montant, J. Néauport, C. Rouyer, C. Sauteret, and E. Sibé, 'Synthetic aperture compression scheme for multipetawatt high energy laser,' Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Sauteret, C.

N. Blanchot, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, G. Marre, S. Montant, J. Néauport, C. Rouyer, C. Sauteret, and E. Sibé, 'Synthetic aperture compression scheme for multipetawatt high energy laser,' Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Schmid, A. W.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Sibé, E.

N. Blanchot, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, G. Marre, S. Montant, J. Néauport, C. Rouyer, C. Sauteret, and E. Sibé, 'Synthetic aperture compression scheme for multipetawatt high energy laser,' Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Skulski, W.

Waxer, L. J.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Yonemura, M.

T. Zhang, M. Yonemura, and Y. Kato, Opt. Commun. 145, 367 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, T.

T. Zhang, M. Yonemura, and Y. Kato, Opt. Commun. 145, 367 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zuegel, J. D.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Fusion Sci. Technol. (1)

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. Zhang, M. Yonemura, and Y. Kato, Opt. Commun. 145, 367 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (1)

N. Blanchot, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, G. Marre, S. Montant, J. Néauport, C. Rouyer, C. Sauteret, and E. Sibé, 'Synthetic aperture compression scheme for multipetawatt high energy laser,' Appl. Opt. (to be published).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Replication of independent beams A and B, separated by a physical gap whose thickness is T; on the top by a 2-wave shearing interferometer, on the bottom schematic interference pattern of 4-wave replicas.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Mirrors M1 and M2, and beam blocks O1 and O2 deliver two independent subbeams A and B separated by a physical gap; their relative piston misalignment is analyzed by a far-field sensor and a QWLSI.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) A single focal spot is observed for a piston value of 0 while (b) a symmetrically split spot is observed for a piston value of π.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

P ( x ) is a top hat function, whose amplitude is equal to the piston. (a) For a piston equal to zero, P ( x ) beats between 0 and 2 π (optically equivalent). (b) Example for a piston close to 2 π .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Amplitude of P ( x ) is equal to the piston with an average error and a sensitivity of 40 nm .

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I A + B = I A + I B + I A I B exp [ j ( φ A φ B ) ] + c . c .
A m ( r , z ) = A m ( r ) exp ( j k Tm r + j 2 π λ z ) ,
I ( r , z ) = m I A ( r S u m ) + m I A ( r S u m ) exp j [ φ ( r S u 1 ) φ ( r S u 2 ) ] + j ( k T 1 k T 2 ) r + c . c .
I ( r , z ) = I A 1 + I B 2 + { A 1 B 2 * exp [ j ( k T 1 k T 2 ) r ] + c . c . } .

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