Abstract

A tunable single-mode laser is obtained by using a weakly coupled cavity structure involved in a coaxially packaged Fabry–Perot laser diode. The cleaved end facet of the coupling fiber becomes an optical reflector and forms an external cavity with a laser facet. The single-mode oscillation condition is controlled and stabilized by tuning the operating temperature. The tuning range is about 10nm with the side-mode suppression ratio of more than 27dB when the temperature changes from 11.5°C to 25°C. Direct modulation characteristics were investigated, and our results show that a shorter external cavity can bear deeper modulation depth.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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2006 (1)

2005 (1)

X. M. Zhang, A. Q. Liu, C. Lu, and D. Y. Tang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 187 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

V. Heikkinen, J. Aikio, T. Alajoki, J. Hiltunen, A.-J. Mattila, J. Ollila, and P. Karioja, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1164 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Finto, M. Mcdonald, A. Daiber, W. B. Chapman, D. Li, M. Epitaux, E. Zbinden, J. Bennett, W. J. Kozlovsky, and J.-M. Verdiell, Intel Technol. J. 8, 101 (2004).

K. Takabayashi, K. Takada, N. Hashimoto, M. Doi, S. Tomabech, T. Nakazawa, and K. Morito, Electron. Lett. 40, 1187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. Q. Liu, X. M. Zhang, V. M. Murukeshan, C. Lu, and T. H. Cheng, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 73 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

1995 (1)

K. Petermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 480 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1655 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

T. Fujita, S. Ishizuka, K. Fhujito, H. Serizawa, and H. Sato, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 492 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

R. Lang and K. Kobayashi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 347 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

O. Hirota and Y. Suematsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 142 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Aikio, J.

V. Heikkinen, J. Aikio, T. Alajoki, J. Hiltunen, A.-J. Mattila, J. Ollila, and P. Karioja, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1164 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Alajoki, T.

V. Heikkinen, J. Aikio, T. Alajoki, J. Hiltunen, A.-J. Mattila, J. Ollila, and P. Karioja, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1164 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bennett, J.

M. Finto, M. Mcdonald, A. Daiber, W. B. Chapman, D. Li, M. Epitaux, E. Zbinden, J. Bennett, W. J. Kozlovsky, and J.-M. Verdiell, Intel Technol. J. 8, 101 (2004).

Buus, J.

Chapman, W. B.

M. Finto, M. Mcdonald, A. Daiber, W. B. Chapman, D. Li, M. Epitaux, E. Zbinden, J. Bennett, W. J. Kozlovsky, and J.-M. Verdiell, Intel Technol. J. 8, 101 (2004).

Cheng, T. H.

A. Q. Liu, X. M. Zhang, V. M. Murukeshan, C. Lu, and T. H. Cheng, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 73 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chraplyvy, A. R.

R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1655 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Daiber, A.

M. Finto, M. Mcdonald, A. Daiber, W. B. Chapman, D. Li, M. Epitaux, E. Zbinden, J. Bennett, W. J. Kozlovsky, and J.-M. Verdiell, Intel Technol. J. 8, 101 (2004).

Doi, M.

K. Takabayashi, K. Takada, N. Hashimoto, M. Doi, S. Tomabech, T. Nakazawa, and K. Morito, Electron. Lett. 40, 1187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Epitaux, M.

M. Finto, M. Mcdonald, A. Daiber, W. B. Chapman, D. Li, M. Epitaux, E. Zbinden, J. Bennett, W. J. Kozlovsky, and J.-M. Verdiell, Intel Technol. J. 8, 101 (2004).

Fhujito, K.

T. Fujita, S. Ishizuka, K. Fhujito, H. Serizawa, and H. Sato, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 492 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Finto, M.

M. Finto, M. Mcdonald, A. Daiber, W. B. Chapman, D. Li, M. Epitaux, E. Zbinden, J. Bennett, W. J. Kozlovsky, and J.-M. Verdiell, Intel Technol. J. 8, 101 (2004).

Fujita, T.

T. Fujita, S. Ishizuka, K. Fhujito, H. Serizawa, and H. Sato, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 492 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Hashimoto, N.

K. Takabayashi, K. Takada, N. Hashimoto, M. Doi, S. Tomabech, T. Nakazawa, and K. Morito, Electron. Lett. 40, 1187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Heikkinen, V.

V. Heikkinen, J. Aikio, T. Alajoki, J. Hiltunen, A.-J. Mattila, J. Ollila, and P. Karioja, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1164 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hiltunen, J.

V. Heikkinen, J. Aikio, T. Alajoki, J. Hiltunen, A.-J. Mattila, J. Ollila, and P. Karioja, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1164 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hirota, O.

O. Hirota and Y. Suematsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 142 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Howe, D.

Ishizuka, S.

T. Fujita, S. Ishizuka, K. Fhujito, H. Serizawa, and H. Sato, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 492 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Karioja, P.

V. Heikkinen, J. Aikio, T. Alajoki, J. Hiltunen, A.-J. Mattila, J. Ollila, and P. Karioja, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1164 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, K.

R. Lang and K. Kobayashi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 347 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kozlovsky, W. J.

M. Finto, M. Mcdonald, A. Daiber, W. B. Chapman, D. Li, M. Epitaux, E. Zbinden, J. Bennett, W. J. Kozlovsky, and J.-M. Verdiell, Intel Technol. J. 8, 101 (2004).

Lang, R.

R. Lang and K. Kobayashi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 347 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Li, D.

M. Finto, M. Mcdonald, A. Daiber, W. B. Chapman, D. Li, M. Epitaux, E. Zbinden, J. Bennett, W. J. Kozlovsky, and J.-M. Verdiell, Intel Technol. J. 8, 101 (2004).

Liu, A. Q.

X. M. Zhang, A. Q. Liu, C. Lu, and D. Y. Tang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 187 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Q. Liu, X. M. Zhang, V. M. Murukeshan, C. Lu, and T. H. Cheng, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 73 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

X. M. Zhang, A. Q. Liu, C. Lu, and D. Y. Tang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 187 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Q. Liu, X. M. Zhang, V. M. Murukeshan, C. Lu, and T. H. Cheng, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 73 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mattila, A.-J.

V. Heikkinen, J. Aikio, T. Alajoki, J. Hiltunen, A.-J. Mattila, J. Ollila, and P. Karioja, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1164 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mcdonald, M.

M. Finto, M. Mcdonald, A. Daiber, W. B. Chapman, D. Li, M. Epitaux, E. Zbinden, J. Bennett, W. J. Kozlovsky, and J.-M. Verdiell, Intel Technol. J. 8, 101 (2004).

Morito, K.

K. Takabayashi, K. Takada, N. Hashimoto, M. Doi, S. Tomabech, T. Nakazawa, and K. Morito, Electron. Lett. 40, 1187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Murphy, E. J.

Murukeshan, V. M.

A. Q. Liu, X. M. Zhang, V. M. Murukeshan, C. Lu, and T. H. Cheng, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 73 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, T.

K. Takabayashi, K. Takada, N. Hashimoto, M. Doi, S. Tomabech, T. Nakazawa, and K. Morito, Electron. Lett. 40, 1187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ollila, J.

V. Heikkinen, J. Aikio, T. Alajoki, J. Hiltunen, A.-J. Mattila, J. Ollila, and P. Karioja, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1164 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Oria, M.

Petermann, K.

K. Petermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 480 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sato, H.

T. Fujita, S. Ishizuka, K. Fhujito, H. Serizawa, and H. Sato, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 492 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Serizawa, H.

T. Fujita, S. Ishizuka, K. Fhujito, H. Serizawa, and H. Sato, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 492 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Shu, C.

Y. Zhao and C. Shu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1436 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sidorin, Y.

Suematsu, Y.

O. Hirota and Y. Suematsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 142 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Tabosa, J. W. R.

Takabayashi, K.

K. Takabayashi, K. Takada, N. Hashimoto, M. Doi, S. Tomabech, T. Nakazawa, and K. Morito, Electron. Lett. 40, 1187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Takada, K.

K. Takabayashi, K. Takada, N. Hashimoto, M. Doi, S. Tomabech, T. Nakazawa, and K. Morito, Electron. Lett. 40, 1187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D. Y.

X. M. Zhang, A. Q. Liu, C. Lu, and D. Y. Tang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 187 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tkach, R. W.

R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1655 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Tomabech, S.

K. Takabayashi, K. Takada, N. Hashimoto, M. Doi, S. Tomabech, T. Nakazawa, and K. Morito, Electron. Lett. 40, 1187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Verdiell, J.-M.

M. Finto, M. Mcdonald, A. Daiber, W. B. Chapman, D. Li, M. Epitaux, E. Zbinden, J. Bennett, W. J. Kozlovsky, and J.-M. Verdiell, Intel Technol. J. 8, 101 (2004).

Viana, L.

Vianna, S. S.

Zbinden, E.

M. Finto, M. Mcdonald, A. Daiber, W. B. Chapman, D. Li, M. Epitaux, E. Zbinden, J. Bennett, W. J. Kozlovsky, and J.-M. Verdiell, Intel Technol. J. 8, 101 (2004).

Zhang, X. M.

X. M. Zhang, A. Q. Liu, C. Lu, and D. Y. Tang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 187 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Q. Liu, X. M. Zhang, V. M. Murukeshan, C. Lu, and T. H. Cheng, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 73 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

Y. Zhao and C. Shu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1436 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. Takabayashi, K. Takada, N. Hashimoto, M. Doi, S. Tomabech, T. Nakazawa, and K. Morito, Electron. Lett. 40, 1187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (4)

X. M. Zhang, A. Q. Liu, C. Lu, and D. Y. Tang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 187 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. Hirota and Y. Suematsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 142 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. Lang and K. Kobayashi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 347 (1980).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujita, S. Ishizuka, K. Fhujito, H. Serizawa, and H. Sato, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 492 (1984).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

K. Petermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 480 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Q. Liu, X. M. Zhang, V. M. Murukeshan, C. Lu, and T. H. Cheng, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 73 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

Y. Zhao and C. Shu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1436 (1997).
[CrossRef]

V. Heikkinen, J. Aikio, T. Alajoki, J. Hiltunen, A.-J. Mattila, J. Ollila, and P. Karioja, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1164 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Intel Technol. J. (1)

M. Finto, M. Mcdonald, A. Daiber, W. B. Chapman, D. Li, M. Epitaux, E. Zbinden, J. Bennett, W. J. Kozlovsky, and J.-M. Verdiell, Intel Technol. J. 8, 101 (2004).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Buus and E. J. Murphy, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 5 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1655 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Cross section of a coaxially packaged FP-LD that includes a built-in external cavity. (b) Appearance of the packaged tunable LD with attached TEC module.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical spectra of (a) conventional FP-LD and (b) proposed FP-LD.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical spectra of proposed FP-LD in single-mode oscillation at various operating temperatures.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Wavelength and SMSR as functions of temperature.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

RIN as function of wavelength.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

BER curves with (a) various external cavity lengths at 155 Mbit s and (b) various wavelengths at 622 Mbit s and 1.25 Gbit s .

Equations (1)

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m th = ( n λ 0 4 L ext J ) ( Δ J Δ n ) ,

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