Abstract

Single-photon detectors are finding increasingly wide application in all branches of science and technology thus a precise knowledge of their quantum efficiency is an essential prerequisite. We have performed the first proof-of-principle demonstration of a means to determine the quantum efficiency by which no second detector or reference standard is required. This absolute self-calibration method is based on the time correlation of entangled photons pairs emitted in spontaneous parametric down conversion. The measured quantum efficiency of a Si avalanche photodiode single-photon detector agrees well with the product specifications.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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2005 (1)

2004 (1)

O. Haderka, M. Hamar, and J. Perina, Eur. Phys. J. D 28, 149 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

D. Achilles, C. Silberhorn, C. Sliwa, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 28, 2387 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. Fitch, B. C. Jacobs, T. B. Pittman, and J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. A 68, 043814 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Chang and L.-A. Wu, Acta Phys. Sin. 52, 1132 (2003).

2002 (1)

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

A. Czitrovszky, A. Sergienko, P. Jani, and A. Nagy, Metrologia 37, 617 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

A. Migdall, Phys. Today 52, 41 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

G. Brida, S. Castelletto, C. Novero, and M. L. Rastello, Metrologia 35, 397 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

A. L. Migdall, R. U. Datla, A. D. Sergienko, J. S. Orszak, and Y. H. Shih, Metrologia 32, 479 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1987 (1)

1980 (1)

D. N. Klyshko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1112 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Achilles, D.

Banaszek, K.

Bouwmeester, D.

D. Bouwmeester, A. Ekert, and A. Zeilinger, The Physics of Quantum Information (Springer-Verlag, 2000).

Brida, G.

Castelletto, S.

G. Brida, S. Castelletto, C. Novero, and M. L. Rastello, Metrologia 35, 397 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chang, J.

L.-A. Wu and J. Chang, 'A method and set-up for the absolute self-calibration of the quantum efficiency of single-photon detectors,' China patent ZL02123660.7 (2005).

Chang, J. T.

J. T. Chang and L.-A. Wu, Acta Phys. Sin. 52, 1132 (2003).

Chekhova, M.

Chiao, R. Y.

Czitrovszky, A.

A. Czitrovszky, A. Sergienko, P. Jani, and A. Nagy, Metrologia 37, 617 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Datla, R. U.

A. L. Migdall, R. U. Datla, A. D. Sergienko, J. S. Orszak, and Y. H. Shih, Metrologia 32, 479 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Eberhard, P. H.

Ekert, A.

D. Bouwmeester, A. Ekert, and A. Zeilinger, The Physics of Quantum Information (Springer-Verlag, 2000).

Fitch, M. J.

M. J. Fitch, B. C. Jacobs, T. B. Pittman, and J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. A 68, 043814 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Franson, J. D.

M. J. Fitch, B. C. Jacobs, T. B. Pittman, and J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. A 68, 043814 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Genovese, M.

Gisin, N.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Gramegna, M.

Haderka, O.

O. Haderka, M. Hamar, and J. Perina, Eur. Phys. J. D 28, 149 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hamar, M.

O. Haderka, M. Hamar, and J. Perina, Eur. Phys. J. D 28, 149 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jacobs, B. C.

M. J. Fitch, B. C. Jacobs, T. B. Pittman, and J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. A 68, 043814 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jani, P.

A. Czitrovszky, A. Sergienko, P. Jani, and A. Nagy, Metrologia 37, 617 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Klyshko, D. N.

D. N. Klyshko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1112 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Krivitsky, L.

Kwiat, P. G.

Migdall, A.

A. Migdall, Phys. Today 52, 41 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Migdall, A. L.

A. L. Migdall, R. U. Datla, A. D. Sergienko, J. S. Orszak, and Y. H. Shih, Metrologia 32, 479 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nagy, A.

A. Czitrovszky, A. Sergienko, P. Jani, and A. Nagy, Metrologia 37, 617 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Novero, C.

G. Brida, S. Castelletto, C. Novero, and M. L. Rastello, Metrologia 35, 397 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Orszak, J. S.

A. L. Migdall, R. U. Datla, A. D. Sergienko, J. S. Orszak, and Y. H. Shih, Metrologia 32, 479 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Perina, J.

O. Haderka, M. Hamar, and J. Perina, Eur. Phys. J. D 28, 149 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Petroff, M. D.

Pittman, T. B.

M. J. Fitch, B. C. Jacobs, T. B. Pittman, and J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. A 68, 043814 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rarity, J. G.

Rastello, M. L.

Ribordy, G.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Ridley, K. D.

Sergienko, A.

A. Czitrovszky, A. Sergienko, P. Jani, and A. Nagy, Metrologia 37, 617 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sergienko, A. D.

A. L. Migdall, R. U. Datla, A. D. Sergienko, J. S. Orszak, and Y. H. Shih, Metrologia 32, 479 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shih, Y. H.

A. L. Migdall, R. U. Datla, A. D. Sergienko, J. S. Orszak, and Y. H. Shih, Metrologia 32, 479 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Silberhorn, C.

Sliwa, C.

Steinberg, A. M.

Tapster, P. R.

Tittel, W.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Walmsley, I. A.

Wu, L.-A.

J. T. Chang and L.-A. Wu, Acta Phys. Sin. 52, 1132 (2003).

L.-A. Wu and J. Chang, 'A method and set-up for the absolute self-calibration of the quantum efficiency of single-photon detectors,' China patent ZL02123660.7 (2005).

Zbinden, H.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Zeilinger, A.

D. Bouwmeester, A. Ekert, and A. Zeilinger, The Physics of Quantum Information (Springer-Verlag, 2000).

Acta Phys. Sin. (1)

J. T. Chang and L.-A. Wu, Acta Phys. Sin. 52, 1132 (2003).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

O. Haderka, M. Hamar, and J. Perina, Eur. Phys. J. D 28, 149 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Metrologia (3)

A. Czitrovszky, A. Sergienko, P. Jani, and A. Nagy, Metrologia 37, 617 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Migdall, R. U. Datla, A. D. Sergienko, J. S. Orszak, and Y. H. Shih, Metrologia 32, 479 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Brida, S. Castelletto, C. Novero, and M. L. Rastello, Metrologia 35, 397 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

M. J. Fitch, B. C. Jacobs, T. B. Pittman, and J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. A 68, 043814 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Today (1)

A. Migdall, Phys. Today 52, 41 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. N. Klyshko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1112 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

D. Bouwmeester, A. Ekert, and A. Zeilinger, The Physics of Quantum Information (Springer-Verlag, 2000).

L.-A. Wu and J. Chang, 'A method and set-up for the absolute self-calibration of the quantum efficiency of single-photon detectors,' China patent ZL02123660.7 (2005).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. BBO, β - BaB 2 O 4 crystal; M, 45 ° totally reflecting mirror at 441.6 nm ; PBS, polarization beam splitter; L 1 , L 2 , 100 mm focal length lenses; L 3 , 10 mm focal length lens; C i ( i = 1 , 2 , 3 ) , fiber collimator; IF, interference filter; D, detector; A-D, amplifier- discriminator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Coincidence circuit. a, Both signal and idler photons of a pair generated in SPDC are detected. Counter A will register a count of 2, and the first pulse of the third path from the amplifier will overlap in time with the second pulse of the second path, so counter B will show a count of 1. b, Only one of the two photons in the pair is detected. Counter A will register only a single count for the first path. There will be no pulse overlap between the pulses of the third and second paths, so no coincidence is registered.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

N A = 2 N η .
N C = N η 2 .
η = 2 N C N A ,
N A = N η T t + N η T r ,
N C = N η 2 T t T r ,
η = N C ( T t + T r ) ( N A T t T r ) ,
η = N C ( T t + T r ) [ ( N A N B ) T t T r ] ,

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