Abstract

We demonstrated a spectrometer that is capable of acquiring the spectra from interferometric fiber-optic sensors at high speed. The high spectrum acquisition rate is enabled by transforming the spectral information from frequency domain to time domain using a dispersive element and high-speed data acquisition devices. Preliminary results show that the prototype system can record 10,000 frames of spectra per second and achieve a spectrum measurement resolution of 15nm. Better performance could be realized by using a Raman amplifier and by optimizing the parameters of the system and data processing methods.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. Qi, G. Pickrell, J. Xu, P. Zhang, Y. Duan, W. Peng, Z. Huang, W. Huo, H. Xiao, R. G. May, and A. Wang, Opt. Eng. 42, 3165 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Xu, G. Pickrell, X. Wang, W. Peng, K. L. Cooper, and A. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 870 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Tong, L. Chan, and H. Tsang, Electron. Lett. 33, 983 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Huttunen and P. Torma, Opt. Express 13, 627 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

J. Xu, G. Pickrell, X. Wang, W. Peng, K. L. Cooper, and A. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 870 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Huttunen and P. Torma, Opt. Express 13, 627 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

Y. Ni, L. Zhang, L. An, J. Peng, and C. Fan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1516 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Chou, Y. Han, and B. Jalali, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1140 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

2001

J. Deng, H. Xiao, W. Huo, M. Luo, R. G. May, A. Wang, and Y. Liu, Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 305 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

Y. Emori, Y. Akasaka, and S. Namiki, Electron. Lett. 35, 1355 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. V. Kelkar, F. Coppinger, A. S. Bhushan, and B. Jalali, Electron. Lett. 35, 1661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

P. B. Hansen, G. Jacobovitz-Veselka, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and A. J. Stentz, Electron. Lett. 34, 1136 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Emori, Y. Akasaka, and S. Namiki, Electron. Lett. 34, 2145 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

Y. Tong, L. Chan, and H. Tsang, Electron. Lett. 33, 983 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Akasaka, Y.

Y. Emori, Y. Akasaka, and S. Namiki, Electron. Lett. 35, 1355 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Emori, Y. Akasaka, and S. Namiki, Electron. Lett. 34, 2145 (1998).
[CrossRef]

An, L.

Y. Ni, L. Zhang, L. An, J. Peng, and C. Fan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1516 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bhushan, A. S.

P. V. Kelkar, F. Coppinger, A. S. Bhushan, and B. Jalali, Electron. Lett. 35, 1661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chan, L.

Y. Tong, L. Chan, and H. Tsang, Electron. Lett. 33, 983 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chou, J.

J. Chou, Y. Han, and B. Jalali, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1140 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cooper, K. L.

J. Xu, G. Pickrell, X. Wang, W. Peng, K. L. Cooper, and A. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 870 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Coppinger, F.

P. V. Kelkar, F. Coppinger, A. S. Bhushan, and B. Jalali, Electron. Lett. 35, 1661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Deng, J.

B. Yu, D. W. Kim, J. Deng, H. Xiao, and A. Wang, Appl. Opt. 42, 3241 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Deng, H. Xiao, W. Huo, M. Luo, R. G. May, A. Wang, and Y. Liu, Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 305 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Duan, Y.

B. Qi, G. Pickrell, J. Xu, P. Zhang, Y. Duan, W. Peng, Z. Huang, W. Huo, H. Xiao, R. G. May, and A. Wang, Opt. Eng. 42, 3165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Emori, Y.

Y. Emori, Y. Akasaka, and S. Namiki, Electron. Lett. 35, 1355 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Emori, Y. Akasaka, and S. Namiki, Electron. Lett. 34, 2145 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Engeness, T. D.

Fan, C.

Y. Ni, L. Zhang, L. An, J. Peng, and C. Fan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1516 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fink, Y.

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

P. B. Hansen, G. Jacobovitz-Veselka, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and A. J. Stentz, Electron. Lett. 34, 1136 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y.

J. Chou, Y. Han, and B. Jalali, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1140 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, P. B.

P. B. Hansen, G. Jacobovitz-Veselka, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and A. J. Stentz, Electron. Lett. 34, 1136 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Z.

B. Qi, G. Pickrell, J. Xu, P. Zhang, Y. Duan, W. Peng, Z. Huang, W. Huo, H. Xiao, R. G. May, and A. Wang, Opt. Eng. 42, 3165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Huo, W.

B. Qi, G. Pickrell, J. Xu, P. Zhang, Y. Duan, W. Peng, Z. Huang, W. Huo, H. Xiao, R. G. May, and A. Wang, Opt. Eng. 42, 3165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Deng, H. Xiao, W. Huo, M. Luo, R. G. May, A. Wang, and Y. Liu, Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 305 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Huttunen, A.

Ibanescu, M.

Jacobovitz-Veselka, G.

P. B. Hansen, G. Jacobovitz-Veselka, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and A. J. Stentz, Electron. Lett. 34, 1136 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jacobs, S.

Jalali, B.

J. Chou, Y. Han, and B. Jalali, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1140 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. V. Kelkar, F. Coppinger, A. S. Bhushan, and B. Jalali, Electron. Lett. 35, 1661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, S. G.

Kelkar, P. V.

P. V. Kelkar, F. Coppinger, A. S. Bhushan, and B. Jalali, Electron. Lett. 35, 1661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D. W.

Liu, Y.

J. Deng, H. Xiao, W. Huo, M. Luo, R. G. May, A. Wang, and Y. Liu, Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 305 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Luo, M.

J. Deng, H. Xiao, W. Huo, M. Luo, R. G. May, A. Wang, and Y. Liu, Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 305 (2001).
[CrossRef]

May, R. G.

B. Qi, G. Pickrell, J. Xu, P. Zhang, Y. Duan, W. Peng, Z. Huang, W. Huo, H. Xiao, R. G. May, and A. Wang, Opt. Eng. 42, 3165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Deng, H. Xiao, W. Huo, M. Luo, R. G. May, A. Wang, and Y. Liu, Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 305 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Namiki, S.

Y. Emori, Y. Akasaka, and S. Namiki, Electron. Lett. 35, 1355 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Emori, Y. Akasaka, and S. Namiki, Electron. Lett. 34, 2145 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ni, Y.

Y. Ni, L. Zhang, L. An, J. Peng, and C. Fan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1516 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Peng, J.

Y. Ni, L. Zhang, L. An, J. Peng, and C. Fan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1516 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Peng, W.

J. Xu, G. Pickrell, X. Wang, W. Peng, K. L. Cooper, and A. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 870 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Qi, G. Pickrell, J. Xu, P. Zhang, Y. Duan, W. Peng, Z. Huang, W. Huo, H. Xiao, R. G. May, and A. Wang, Opt. Eng. 42, 3165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pickrell, G.

J. Xu, G. Pickrell, X. Wang, W. Peng, K. L. Cooper, and A. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 870 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Qi, G. Pickrell, J. Xu, P. Zhang, Y. Duan, W. Peng, Z. Huang, W. Huo, H. Xiao, R. G. May, and A. Wang, Opt. Eng. 42, 3165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Qi, B.

B. Qi, G. Pickrell, J. Xu, P. Zhang, Y. Duan, W. Peng, Z. Huang, W. Huo, H. Xiao, R. G. May, and A. Wang, Opt. Eng. 42, 3165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Skorobogatiy, M.

Stentz, A. J.

P. B. Hansen, G. Jacobovitz-Veselka, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and A. J. Stentz, Electron. Lett. 34, 1136 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tong, Y.

Y. Tong, L. Chan, and H. Tsang, Electron. Lett. 33, 983 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Torma, P.

Tsang, H.

Y. Tong, L. Chan, and H. Tsang, Electron. Lett. 33, 983 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wang, A.

J. Xu, G. Pickrell, X. Wang, W. Peng, K. L. Cooper, and A. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 870 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Yu, D. W. Kim, J. Deng, H. Xiao, and A. Wang, Appl. Opt. 42, 3241 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Qi, G. Pickrell, J. Xu, P. Zhang, Y. Duan, W. Peng, Z. Huang, W. Huo, H. Xiao, R. G. May, and A. Wang, Opt. Eng. 42, 3165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Deng, H. Xiao, W. Huo, M. Luo, R. G. May, A. Wang, and Y. Liu, Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 305 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

J. Xu, G. Pickrell, X. Wang, W. Peng, K. L. Cooper, and A. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 870 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Weisberg, O.

Xiao, H.

B. Qi, G. Pickrell, J. Xu, P. Zhang, Y. Duan, W. Peng, Z. Huang, W. Huo, H. Xiao, R. G. May, and A. Wang, Opt. Eng. 42, 3165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Yu, D. W. Kim, J. Deng, H. Xiao, and A. Wang, Appl. Opt. 42, 3241 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Deng, H. Xiao, W. Huo, M. Luo, R. G. May, A. Wang, and Y. Liu, Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 305 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

J. Xu, G. Pickrell, X. Wang, W. Peng, K. L. Cooper, and A. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 870 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Qi, G. Pickrell, J. Xu, P. Zhang, Y. Duan, W. Peng, Z. Huang, W. Huo, H. Xiao, R. G. May, and A. Wang, Opt. Eng. 42, 3165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yu, B.

Zhang, L.

Y. Ni, L. Zhang, L. An, J. Peng, and C. Fan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1516 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, P.

B. Qi, G. Pickrell, J. Xu, P. Zhang, Y. Duan, W. Peng, Z. Huang, W. Huo, H. Xiao, R. G. May, and A. Wang, Opt. Eng. 42, 3165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Electron. Lett.

Y. Emori, Y. Akasaka, and S. Namiki, Electron. Lett. 35, 1355 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Hansen, G. Jacobovitz-Veselka, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and A. J. Stentz, Electron. Lett. 34, 1136 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Emori, Y. Akasaka, and S. Namiki, Electron. Lett. 34, 2145 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tong, L. Chan, and H. Tsang, Electron. Lett. 33, 983 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. V. Kelkar, F. Coppinger, A. S. Bhushan, and B. Jalali, Electron. Lett. 35, 1661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. Chou, Y. Han, and B. Jalali, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1140 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ni, L. Zhang, L. An, J. Peng, and C. Fan, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1516 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Xu, G. Pickrell, X. Wang, W. Peng, K. L. Cooper, and A. Wang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 870 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

B. Qi, G. Pickrell, J. Xu, P. Zhang, Y. Duan, W. Peng, Z. Huang, W. Huo, H. Xiao, R. G. May, and A. Wang, Opt. Eng. 42, 3165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Laser Technol.

J. Deng, H. Xiao, W. Huo, M. Luo, R. G. May, A. Wang, and Y. Liu, Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 305 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Principle of the proposed high-speed fiber-optic spectrometer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the experimental setup.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Sensor fringes from the two spectrometers; (a) and (b) are the fringes recorded by the proposed spectrometer; (c) and (d) are the fringes acquired by the OSA.

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

f ( t ) d t = 1 , 0 I 0 ( λ ) d λ = 1 .
s 0 ( t ) 0 I 0 ( λ ) f ( t ) d λ = f ( t ) 0 I 0 ( λ ) d λ = f ( t ) .
s ( t ) = 0 I 0 ( λ ) f [ t L D ( λ ) ] d λ ,
t = L D ( λ ) .
λ = D 1 ( t L ) ,
s ( t ) = L D ( λ = 0 ) L D ( λ = ) I 0 [ D 1 ( t L ) ] L D ̇ [ D 1 ( t L ) ] f ( t t ) d t .
s ( t ) I 0 [ D 1 ( t L ) ] L D ̇ [ D 1 ( t L ) ] .
I 0 ( λ ) = L D ̇ ( λ ) s ( t ) t = L D ( λ ) .

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