Abstract

We report the inscription of fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) into a nonphotosensitive Er-doped fiber by using a phase-mask scanning technique with near IR femtosecond laser pulses. A grating of 40mm length with a period of 1.075μm was realized. We measured transmission losses of 18.9dB at λ=1554.5nm with a FWHM bandwidth of 0.15nm. By pumping the fiber containing the fabricated FBG, it was possible to realize a fiber laser with an output power of 38mW, a slope efficiency of 21.1%, and low noise (SNR=60dB).

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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2006 (1)

2005 (2)

S. A. Slattery, D. N. Nikogosyan, and G. Brambilla, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 354 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Pérez-Millán, J. Cruz, and M. Andrés, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (5)

2003 (3)

2002 (1)

1997 (1)

M. Douay, W. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

M. Cole, W. Loh, R. Laming, M. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

R. S. Quimby, W. J. Miniscalco, and B. Thompson, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4472 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

P. Lemaire, R. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. Williams, B. Ainslie, J. Armitage, J. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

K. Arai, I. Namikawa, K. Kumata, and T. Honda, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ainslie, B.

D. Williams, B. Ainslie, J. Armitage, J. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Andrés, M.

P. Pérez-Millán, J. Cruz, and M. Andrés, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Arai, K.

K. Arai, I. Namikawa, K. Kumata, and T. Honda, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Armitage, J.

D. Williams, B. Ainslie, J. Armitage, J. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Asano, T.

Atkins, R.

P. Lemaire, R. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Barcelos, S.

M. Cole, W. Loh, R. Laming, M. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bayon, J.

M. Douay, W. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

Y. Lai, A. Martinez, I. Khrushchev, and I. Bennion, Opt. Lett. 31, 1672 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Martinez, M. Dubov, I. Khrushchev, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 40, 1170 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bernage, P.

M. Douay, W. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Brambilla, G.

Burghoff, J.

E. Wikszak, J. Burghoff, M. Will, S. Nolte, A. Tünnermann, and T. Gabler, 'Recording of fiber Bragg gratings with femtosecond pulses using a 'point by point' technique,' in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CThM7.

Campbell, R.

D. Williams, B. Ainslie, J. Armitage, J. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chichkov, B.

Clausnitzer, T.

Cole, M.

M. Cole, W. Loh, R. Laming, M. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cordier, P.

M. Douay, W. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, J.

P. Pérez-Millán, J. Cruz, and M. Andrés, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dai, X.

Davis, K.

Delevaque, E.

M. Douay, W. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Desurvire, E.

E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Principles and Applications (Wiley InterScience, 2002).

Ding, H.

Dong, L.

M. Douay, W. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Douay, M.

M. Douay, W. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dubov, M.

A. Martinez, M. Dubov, I. Khrushchev, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 40, 1170 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fuchs, H.-J.

Gabler, T.

E. Wikszak, J. Burghoff, M. Will, S. Nolte, A. Tünnermann, and T. Gabler, 'Recording of fiber Bragg gratings with femtosecond pulses using a 'point by point' technique,' in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CThM7.

Grobnic, D.

Henderson, G.

Hirao, K.

Ho, N.

Honda, T.

K. Arai, I. Namikawa, K. Kumata, and T. Honda, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, K.

Jupé, M.

Kashyap, J.

D. Williams, B. Ainslie, J. Armitage, J. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Khrushchev, I.

Y. Lai, A. Martinez, I. Khrushchev, and I. Bennion, Opt. Lett. 31, 1672 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Martinez, M. Dubov, I. Khrushchev, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 40, 1170 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kley, E.-B.

Kumata, K.

K. Arai, I. Namikawa, K. Kumata, and T. Honda, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Lai, Y.

Laming, R.

M. Cole, W. Loh, R. Laming, M. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lemaire, P.

P. Lemaire, R. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

Loh, W.

M. Cole, W. Loh, R. Laming, M. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lopez, C.

Lu, P.

Martinez, A.

Y. Lai, A. Martinez, I. Khrushchev, and I. Bennion, Opt. Lett. 31, 1672 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Martinez, M. Dubov, I. Khrushchev, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 40, 1170 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mihailov, S. J.

Miniscalco, W. J.

R. S. Quimby, W. J. Miniscalco, and B. Thompson, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4472 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Miura, K.

Mizrahi, V.

P. Lemaire, R. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Namikawa, I.

K. Arai, I. Namikawa, K. Kumata, and T. Honda, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Niay, P.

M. Douay, W. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nikogosyan, D. N.

Nishii, J.

Nolte, S.

M. Will, S. Nolte, B. Chichkov, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Opt. 41, 4360 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Wikszak, J. Burghoff, M. Will, S. Nolte, A. Tünnermann, and T. Gabler, 'Recording of fiber Bragg gratings with femtosecond pulses using a 'point by point' technique,' in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CThM7.

Pérez-Millán, P.

P. Pérez-Millán, J. Cruz, and M. Andrés, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Poignant, H.

M. Douay, W. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Poumellec, B.

M. Douay, W. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Quimby, R. S.

R. S. Quimby, W. J. Miniscalco, and B. Thompson, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4472 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Reed, W.

P. Lemaire, R. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, K.

Richardson, M.

Ristau, D.

Rivero, C.

Schulte, A.

Slattery, S. A.

Smelser, C. W.

Sugimoto, N.

Taunay, T.

M. Douay, W. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, B.

R. S. Quimby, W. J. Miniscalco, and B. Thompson, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4472 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

T. Clausnitzer, J. Limpert, K. Zöllner, H. Zellmer, H.-J. Fuchs, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, M. Jupé, and D. Ristau, Appl. Opt. 42, 6934 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Will, S. Nolte, B. Chichkov, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Opt. 41, 4360 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Wikszak, J. Burghoff, M. Will, S. Nolte, A. Tünnermann, and T. Gabler, 'Recording of fiber Bragg gratings with femtosecond pulses using a 'point by point' technique,' in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CThM7.

Unruh, J.

Vallée, R.

Walker, R. B.

Watanabe, W.

Wikszak, E.

E. Wikszak, J. Burghoff, M. Will, S. Nolte, A. Tünnermann, and T. Gabler, 'Recording of fiber Bragg gratings with femtosecond pulses using a 'point by point' technique,' in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CThM7.

Will, M.

M. Will, S. Nolte, B. Chichkov, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Opt. 41, 4360 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Wikszak, J. Burghoff, M. Will, S. Nolte, A. Tünnermann, and T. Gabler, 'Recording of fiber Bragg gratings with femtosecond pulses using a 'point by point' technique,' in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CThM7.

Williams, D.

D. Williams, B. Ainslie, J. Armitage, J. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Xie, W.

M. Douay, W. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, K.

Zellmer, H.

Zervas, M.

M. Cole, W. Loh, R. Laming, M. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zöllner, K.

Zoubir, A.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

P. Pérez-Millán, J. Cruz, and M. Andrés, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (4)

A. Martinez, M. Dubov, I. Khrushchev, and I. Bennion, Electron. Lett. 40, 1170 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Lemaire, R. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. Williams, B. Ainslie, J. Armitage, J. Kashyap, and R. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 29, 45 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Cole, W. Loh, R. Laming, M. Zervas, and S. Barcelos, Electron. Lett. 31, 1488 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

D. Grobnic, S. J. Mihailov, C. W. Smelser, and H. Ding, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2505 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

R. S. Quimby, W. J. Miniscalco, and B. Thompson, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4472 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Arai, I. Namikawa, K. Kumata, and T. Honda, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

M. Douay, W. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Other (2)

E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Principles and Applications (Wiley InterScience, 2002).

E. Wikszak, J. Burghoff, M. Will, S. Nolte, A. Tünnermann, and T. Gabler, 'Recording of fiber Bragg gratings with femtosecond pulses using a 'point by point' technique,' in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CThM7.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for the inscription of the FBG.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Normalized transmission spectrum of a 1.075 μ m -period FBG with a length of 40 mm recorded in the Er-doped fiber. The FBG was written with a pulse energy of 600 μ J at a writing speed of 4 mm min .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Laser experiment setup using a 0.85 m long Er-doped fiber containing the femtosecond-written FBG.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectrum of the laser output at a pump power of 250 mW (output power 26 mW ). The laser wavelength corresponds to the grating reflection wavelength.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Evolution of the laser output power as a function of pump power. The slope efficiency is 21.1%.

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