Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a novel technique for increasing the amplitude of coherent population trapping (CPT) resonances in open Λ systems. The technique requires no complex modifications to the conventional CPT setup and is compatible with standard microfabrication processes. The improvement in the CPT resonance amplitude as a function of intensity of the excitation light agrees well with the theory based on ideal open and closed Λ systems.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. Alzetta, A. Gozzini, L. Moi, and G. Orriols, Nuovo Cimento Soc. Ital. Fis., B 36, 5 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. E. Bell and A. L. Bloom, Phys. Rev. Lett. 6, 280 (1961).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. Arimondo and G. Orriols, Lett. Nuovo Cimento Soc. Ital. Fis. 17, 333 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. Arimondo, in Progress in Optics: Volume XXXV (Elsevier Science, 1996), p. 257.
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Knappe, V. Shah, P. D. D. Schwindt, L. Hollberg, J. Kitching, L. A. Liew, and J. Moreland, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1460 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Vanier, M. W. Levine, S. Kendig, D. Janssen, C. Everson, and M. J. Delaney, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 54, 2531 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. Lutwak, P. Vlitas, M. Varghes, M. Mescher, D. K. Serkland, and G. M. Peake, in Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and Exposition (IEEE, 2005), p. 752.
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. Renzoni and E. Arimondo, Phys. Rev. A 58, 4717 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Vanier, M. W. Levine, D. Janssen, and M. Delaney, Phys. Rev. A 67, 065801 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. V. Kargapoltsev, J. Kitching, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, V. L. Velichansky, and V. I. Yudin, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 495 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Y. Jau, E. Miron, A. B. Post, N. N. Kuzma, and W. Happer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 160802 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. T. Zanon, S. Guerandel, E. de Clercq, D. Holleville, N. Dimarcq, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193002 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. L. A. Liew, S. Knappe, J. Moreland, H. Robinson, L. Hollberg, and J. Kitching, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2694 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Zhu and Z. Mia, 'Coherent population trapping-based frequency standard and method for generating a frequency standard incorporating a quantum absorber that generates the CPT state with high frequency,' U.S. patent 6,359,916 (March 19, 2002).
  15. F. Levi, A. Godone, J. Vanier, S. Micalizio, and G. Modugno, Eur. Phys. J. D 12, 53 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. Affolderbach, S. Knappe, R. Wynands, A. V. Tachenachev, and V. I. Yudin, Phys. Rev. A 65, 043810 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  17. E. A. Korsunsky, N. Leinfellner, A. Huss, S. Baluschev, and L. Windholz, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2302 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, V. L. Velichansky, and S. A. Zibrov, JETP Lett. 82, 398 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. F. Renzoni, A. Lindner, and E. Arimondo, Phys. Rev. A 60, 450 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. G. Coffer, M. Anderson, and J. C. Camparo, Phys. Rev. A 65, 033807 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. Vanier, Appl. Phys. B 81, 421 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, in Quantum Electronics and Laser Sciences (QELS), Vol. 57 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper QMPG2.

2005

J. Vanier, M. W. Levine, S. Kendig, D. Janssen, C. Everson, and M. J. Delaney, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 54, 2531 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Zanon, S. Guerandel, E. de Clercq, D. Holleville, N. Dimarcq, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, V. L. Velichansky, and S. A. Zibrov, JETP Lett. 82, 398 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Vanier, Appl. Phys. B 81, 421 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

S. V. Kargapoltsev, J. Kitching, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, V. L. Velichansky, and V. I. Yudin, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 495 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Y. Jau, E. Miron, A. B. Post, N. N. Kuzma, and W. Happer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 160802 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Knappe, V. Shah, P. D. D. Schwindt, L. Hollberg, J. Kitching, L. A. Liew, and J. Moreland, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1460 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

J. Vanier, M. W. Levine, D. Janssen, and M. Delaney, Phys. Rev. A 67, 065801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Liew, S. Knappe, J. Moreland, H. Robinson, L. Hollberg, and J. Kitching, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2694 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

C. Affolderbach, S. Knappe, R. Wynands, A. V. Tachenachev, and V. I. Yudin, Phys. Rev. A 65, 043810 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Coffer, M. Anderson, and J. C. Camparo, Phys. Rev. A 65, 033807 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

F. Levi, A. Godone, J. Vanier, S. Micalizio, and G. Modugno, Eur. Phys. J. D 12, 53 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

E. A. Korsunsky, N. Leinfellner, A. Huss, S. Baluschev, and L. Windholz, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2302 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Renzoni, A. Lindner, and E. Arimondo, Phys. Rev. A 60, 450 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

F. Renzoni and E. Arimondo, Phys. Rev. A 58, 4717 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1976

E. Arimondo and G. Orriols, Lett. Nuovo Cimento Soc. Ital. Fis. 17, 333 (1976).
[CrossRef]

G. Alzetta, A. Gozzini, L. Moi, and G. Orriols, Nuovo Cimento Soc. Ital. Fis., B 36, 5 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1961

W. E. Bell and A. L. Bloom, Phys. Rev. Lett. 6, 280 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Affolderbach, C.

C. Affolderbach, S. Knappe, R. Wynands, A. V. Tachenachev, and V. I. Yudin, Phys. Rev. A 65, 043810 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Alzetta, G.

G. Alzetta, A. Gozzini, L. Moi, and G. Orriols, Nuovo Cimento Soc. Ital. Fis., B 36, 5 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, M.

J. G. Coffer, M. Anderson, and J. C. Camparo, Phys. Rev. A 65, 033807 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Arimondo, E.

F. Renzoni, A. Lindner, and E. Arimondo, Phys. Rev. A 60, 450 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Renzoni and E. Arimondo, Phys. Rev. A 58, 4717 (1998).
[CrossRef]

E. Arimondo and G. Orriols, Lett. Nuovo Cimento Soc. Ital. Fis. 17, 333 (1976).
[CrossRef]

E. Arimondo, in Progress in Optics: Volume XXXV (Elsevier Science, 1996), p. 257.
[CrossRef]

Baluschev, S.

E. A. Korsunsky, N. Leinfellner, A. Huss, S. Baluschev, and L. Windholz, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2302 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bell, W. E.

W. E. Bell and A. L. Bloom, Phys. Rev. Lett. 6, 280 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Bloom, A. L.

W. E. Bell and A. L. Bloom, Phys. Rev. Lett. 6, 280 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Camparo, J. C.

J. G. Coffer, M. Anderson, and J. C. Camparo, Phys. Rev. A 65, 033807 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Clairon, A.

T. Zanon, S. Guerandel, E. de Clercq, D. Holleville, N. Dimarcq, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Coffer, J. G.

J. G. Coffer, M. Anderson, and J. C. Camparo, Phys. Rev. A 65, 033807 (2002).
[CrossRef]

de Clercq, E.

T. Zanon, S. Guerandel, E. de Clercq, D. Holleville, N. Dimarcq, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Delaney, M.

J. Vanier, M. W. Levine, D. Janssen, and M. Delaney, Phys. Rev. A 67, 065801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Delaney, M. J.

J. Vanier, M. W. Levine, S. Kendig, D. Janssen, C. Everson, and M. J. Delaney, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 54, 2531 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dimarcq, N.

T. Zanon, S. Guerandel, E. de Clercq, D. Holleville, N. Dimarcq, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Everson, C.

J. Vanier, M. W. Levine, S. Kendig, D. Janssen, C. Everson, and M. J. Delaney, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 54, 2531 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Godone, A.

F. Levi, A. Godone, J. Vanier, S. Micalizio, and G. Modugno, Eur. Phys. J. D 12, 53 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gozzini, A.

G. Alzetta, A. Gozzini, L. Moi, and G. Orriols, Nuovo Cimento Soc. Ital. Fis., B 36, 5 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Guerandel, S.

T. Zanon, S. Guerandel, E. de Clercq, D. Holleville, N. Dimarcq, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Happer, W.

Y. Y. Jau, E. Miron, A. B. Post, N. N. Kuzma, and W. Happer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 160802 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hollberg, L.

S. V. Kargapoltsev, J. Kitching, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, V. L. Velichansky, and V. I. Yudin, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 495 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Knappe, V. Shah, P. D. D. Schwindt, L. Hollberg, J. Kitching, L. A. Liew, and J. Moreland, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1460 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Liew, S. Knappe, J. Moreland, H. Robinson, L. Hollberg, and J. Kitching, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2694 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Holleville, D.

T. Zanon, S. Guerandel, E. de Clercq, D. Holleville, N. Dimarcq, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huss, A.

E. A. Korsunsky, N. Leinfellner, A. Huss, S. Baluschev, and L. Windholz, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2302 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Janssen, D.

J. Vanier, M. W. Levine, S. Kendig, D. Janssen, C. Everson, and M. J. Delaney, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 54, 2531 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Vanier, M. W. Levine, D. Janssen, and M. Delaney, Phys. Rev. A 67, 065801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jau, Y. Y.

Y. Y. Jau, E. Miron, A. B. Post, N. N. Kuzma, and W. Happer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 160802 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kargapoltsev, S. V.

S. V. Kargapoltsev, J. Kitching, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, V. L. Velichansky, and V. I. Yudin, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 495 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kendig, S.

J. Vanier, M. W. Levine, S. Kendig, D. Janssen, C. Everson, and M. J. Delaney, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 54, 2531 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kitching, J.

S. V. Kargapoltsev, J. Kitching, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, V. L. Velichansky, and V. I. Yudin, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 495 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Knappe, V. Shah, P. D. D. Schwindt, L. Hollberg, J. Kitching, L. A. Liew, and J. Moreland, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1460 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Liew, S. Knappe, J. Moreland, H. Robinson, L. Hollberg, and J. Kitching, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2694 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Knappe, S.

S. Knappe, V. Shah, P. D. D. Schwindt, L. Hollberg, J. Kitching, L. A. Liew, and J. Moreland, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1460 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Liew, S. Knappe, J. Moreland, H. Robinson, L. Hollberg, and J. Kitching, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2694 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Affolderbach, S. Knappe, R. Wynands, A. V. Tachenachev, and V. I. Yudin, Phys. Rev. A 65, 043810 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Korsunsky, E. A.

E. A. Korsunsky, N. Leinfellner, A. Huss, S. Baluschev, and L. Windholz, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2302 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kuzma, N. N.

Y. Y. Jau, E. Miron, A. B. Post, N. N. Kuzma, and W. Happer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 160802 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leinfellner, N.

E. A. Korsunsky, N. Leinfellner, A. Huss, S. Baluschev, and L. Windholz, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2302 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Levi, F.

F. Levi, A. Godone, J. Vanier, S. Micalizio, and G. Modugno, Eur. Phys. J. D 12, 53 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Levine, M. W.

J. Vanier, M. W. Levine, S. Kendig, D. Janssen, C. Everson, and M. J. Delaney, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 54, 2531 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Vanier, M. W. Levine, D. Janssen, and M. Delaney, Phys. Rev. A 67, 065801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liew, L. A.

S. Knappe, V. Shah, P. D. D. Schwindt, L. Hollberg, J. Kitching, L. A. Liew, and J. Moreland, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1460 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Liew, S. Knappe, J. Moreland, H. Robinson, L. Hollberg, and J. Kitching, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2694 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lindner, A.

F. Renzoni, A. Lindner, and E. Arimondo, Phys. Rev. A 60, 450 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lutwak, R.

R. Lutwak, P. Vlitas, M. Varghes, M. Mescher, D. K. Serkland, and G. M. Peake, in Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and Exposition (IEEE, 2005), p. 752.
[CrossRef]

Mescher, M.

R. Lutwak, P. Vlitas, M. Varghes, M. Mescher, D. K. Serkland, and G. M. Peake, in Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and Exposition (IEEE, 2005), p. 752.
[CrossRef]

Mia, Z.

M. Zhu and Z. Mia, 'Coherent population trapping-based frequency standard and method for generating a frequency standard incorporating a quantum absorber that generates the CPT state with high frequency,' U.S. patent 6,359,916 (March 19, 2002).

Micalizio, S.

F. Levi, A. Godone, J. Vanier, S. Micalizio, and G. Modugno, Eur. Phys. J. D 12, 53 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Miron, E.

Y. Y. Jau, E. Miron, A. B. Post, N. N. Kuzma, and W. Happer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 160802 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Modugno, G.

F. Levi, A. Godone, J. Vanier, S. Micalizio, and G. Modugno, Eur. Phys. J. D 12, 53 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Moi, L.

G. Alzetta, A. Gozzini, L. Moi, and G. Orriols, Nuovo Cimento Soc. Ital. Fis., B 36, 5 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Moreland, J.

S. Knappe, V. Shah, P. D. D. Schwindt, L. Hollberg, J. Kitching, L. A. Liew, and J. Moreland, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1460 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Liew, S. Knappe, J. Moreland, H. Robinson, L. Hollberg, and J. Kitching, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2694 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Orriols, G.

G. Alzetta, A. Gozzini, L. Moi, and G. Orriols, Nuovo Cimento Soc. Ital. Fis., B 36, 5 (1976).
[CrossRef]

E. Arimondo and G. Orriols, Lett. Nuovo Cimento Soc. Ital. Fis. 17, 333 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Peake, G. M.

R. Lutwak, P. Vlitas, M. Varghes, M. Mescher, D. K. Serkland, and G. M. Peake, in Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and Exposition (IEEE, 2005), p. 752.
[CrossRef]

Post, A. B.

Y. Y. Jau, E. Miron, A. B. Post, N. N. Kuzma, and W. Happer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 160802 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Renzoni, F.

F. Renzoni, A. Lindner, and E. Arimondo, Phys. Rev. A 60, 450 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Renzoni and E. Arimondo, Phys. Rev. A 58, 4717 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, H.

L. A. Liew, S. Knappe, J. Moreland, H. Robinson, L. Hollberg, and J. Kitching, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2694 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schwindt, P. D. D.

S. Knappe, V. Shah, P. D. D. Schwindt, L. Hollberg, J. Kitching, L. A. Liew, and J. Moreland, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1460 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Serkland, D. K.

R. Lutwak, P. Vlitas, M. Varghes, M. Mescher, D. K. Serkland, and G. M. Peake, in Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and Exposition (IEEE, 2005), p. 752.
[CrossRef]

Shah, V.

S. Knappe, V. Shah, P. D. D. Schwindt, L. Hollberg, J. Kitching, L. A. Liew, and J. Moreland, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1460 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tachenachev, A. V.

C. Affolderbach, S. Knappe, R. Wynands, A. V. Tachenachev, and V. I. Yudin, Phys. Rev. A 65, 043810 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Taichenachev, A. V.

A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, V. L. Velichansky, and S. A. Zibrov, JETP Lett. 82, 398 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Kargapoltsev, J. Kitching, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, V. L. Velichansky, and V. I. Yudin, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 495 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, in Quantum Electronics and Laser Sciences (QELS), Vol. 57 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper QMPG2.

Tumaikin, A. M.

A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, in Quantum Electronics and Laser Sciences (QELS), Vol. 57 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper QMPG2.

Vanier, J.

J. Vanier, Appl. Phys. B 81, 421 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Vanier, M. W. Levine, S. Kendig, D. Janssen, C. Everson, and M. J. Delaney, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 54, 2531 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Vanier, M. W. Levine, D. Janssen, and M. Delaney, Phys. Rev. A 67, 065801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Levi, A. Godone, J. Vanier, S. Micalizio, and G. Modugno, Eur. Phys. J. D 12, 53 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Varghes, M.

R. Lutwak, P. Vlitas, M. Varghes, M. Mescher, D. K. Serkland, and G. M. Peake, in Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and Exposition (IEEE, 2005), p. 752.
[CrossRef]

Velichansky, V. L.

A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, V. L. Velichansky, and S. A. Zibrov, JETP Lett. 82, 398 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Kargapoltsev, J. Kitching, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, V. L. Velichansky, and V. I. Yudin, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 495 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vlitas, P.

R. Lutwak, P. Vlitas, M. Varghes, M. Mescher, D. K. Serkland, and G. M. Peake, in Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and Exposition (IEEE, 2005), p. 752.
[CrossRef]

Windholz, L.

E. A. Korsunsky, N. Leinfellner, A. Huss, S. Baluschev, and L. Windholz, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2302 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wynands, R.

C. Affolderbach, S. Knappe, R. Wynands, A. V. Tachenachev, and V. I. Yudin, Phys. Rev. A 65, 043810 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yudin, V. I.

A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, V. L. Velichansky, and S. A. Zibrov, JETP Lett. 82, 398 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Kargapoltsev, J. Kitching, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, V. L. Velichansky, and V. I. Yudin, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 495 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Affolderbach, S. Knappe, R. Wynands, A. V. Tachenachev, and V. I. Yudin, Phys. Rev. A 65, 043810 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, in Quantum Electronics and Laser Sciences (QELS), Vol. 57 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper QMPG2.

Zanon, T.

T. Zanon, S. Guerandel, E. de Clercq, D. Holleville, N. Dimarcq, and A. Clairon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, M.

M. Zhu and Z. Mia, 'Coherent population trapping-based frequency standard and method for generating a frequency standard incorporating a quantum absorber that generates the CPT state with high frequency,' U.S. patent 6,359,916 (March 19, 2002).

Zibrov, S. A.

A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, V. L. Velichansky, and S. A. Zibrov, JETP Lett. 82, 398 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

J. Vanier, Appl. Phys. B 81, 421 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. Knappe, V. Shah, P. D. D. Schwindt, L. Hollberg, J. Kitching, L. A. Liew, and J. Moreland, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1460 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Liew, S. Knappe, J. Moreland, H. Robinson, L. Hollberg, and J. Kitching, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2694 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D

F. Levi, A. Godone, J. Vanier, S. Micalizio, and G. Modugno, Eur. Phys. J. D 12, 53 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas.

J. Vanier, M. W. Levine, S. Kendig, D. Janssen, C. Everson, and M. J. Delaney, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 54, 2531 (2005).
[CrossRef]

JETP Lett.

A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, V. L. Velichansky, and S. A. Zibrov, JETP Lett. 82, 398 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett.

S. V. Kargapoltsev, J. Kitching, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, V. L. Velichansky, and V. I. Yudin, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 495 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lett. Nuovo Cimento Soc. Ital. Fis.

E. Arimondo and G. Orriols, Lett. Nuovo Cimento Soc. Ital. Fis. 17, 333 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Nuovo Cimento Soc. Ital. Fis., B

G. Alzetta, A. Gozzini, L. Moi, and G. Orriols, Nuovo Cimento Soc. Ital. Fis., B 36, 5 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

F. Renzoni and E. Arimondo, Phys. Rev. A 58, 4717 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Vanier, M. W. Levine, D. Janssen, and M. Delaney, Phys. Rev. A 67, 065801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) σ + polarized light fields incident on the D 1 line of Rb 87 in Λ configuration. A large fraction of atoms is lost to the F = 2 , m f = 2 state, resulting in a loss of CPT resonance signal. (b) A combination of σ + and σ light fields can be used to accumulate a maximum number of atoms in the CPT dark state on m f = 0 : 0 ground states.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the experimental setup. The proposed technique is experimentally implemented in a highly miniature physics package.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

CPT resonances for two values of relative modulation phase Δ ϕ .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

CPT resonance amplitude versus intensity with optimal phase delay for the case of both fields (squares) and of a single field (circles, triangles).

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