Abstract

We present simulation and experimental results of fiber Bragg grating responses to transverse stress in microstructure fibers. The grating wavelength shifts and peak splits are studied as a function of external load and fiber orientation. Both simulation and measurement results indicate that the sensitivity of grating sensors to the transverse stress can be enhanced by a factor of eight in a two-hole fiber over that in a standard fiber.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. M. Lawrence, D. V. Nelson, E. Udd, and T. Bennett, Exp. Mech. 39, 202 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Silva-Lopez, C. Li, W. N. MacPherson, A. J. Moore, J. S. Barton, J. D. C. Jones, D. Zhao, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, Opt. Lett. 29, 2225 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. C. Martelli, J. Canning, N. Groothoff, and K. Lyytikainen, Opt. Lett. 30, 1785 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. Fujiwara, D. Wong, and S. Fleming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1177 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. Chmielewska, W. Urbanczyk, and W. J. Bock, Appl. Opt. 42, 6284 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Gafsi and M. A. El-Sherif, Opt. Fiber Technol. 6, 299 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

R. Gafsi and M. A. El-Sherif, Opt. Fiber Technol. 6, 299 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

C. M. Lawrence, D. V. Nelson, E. Udd, and T. Bennett, Exp. Mech. 39, 202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

T. Fujiwara, D. Wong, and S. Fleming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1177 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Barton, J. S.

Bennett, T.

C. M. Lawrence, D. V. Nelson, E. Udd, and T. Bennett, Exp. Mech. 39, 202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

Bock, W. J.

Canning, J.

Chmielewska, E.

El-Sherif, M. A.

R. Gafsi and M. A. El-Sherif, Opt. Fiber Technol. 6, 299 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fleming, S.

T. Fujiwara, D. Wong, and S. Fleming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1177 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, T.

T. Fujiwara, D. Wong, and S. Fleming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1177 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gafsi, R.

R. Gafsi and M. A. El-Sherif, Opt. Fiber Technol. 6, 299 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Groothoff, N.

Jones, J. D. C.

Lawrence, C. M.

C. M. Lawrence, D. V. Nelson, E. Udd, and T. Bennett, Exp. Mech. 39, 202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

Lyytikainen, K.

MacPherson, W. N.

Martelli, C.

Moore, A. J.

Nelson, D. V.

C. M. Lawrence, D. V. Nelson, E. Udd, and T. Bennett, Exp. Mech. 39, 202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Silva-Lopez, M.

Udd, E.

C. M. Lawrence, D. V. Nelson, E. Udd, and T. Bennett, Exp. Mech. 39, 202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Urbanczyk, W.

Wong, D.

T. Fujiwara, D. Wong, and S. Fleming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1177 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

Zhao, D.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Exp. Mech. (1)

C. M. Lawrence, D. V. Nelson, E. Udd, and T. Bennett, Exp. Mech. 39, 202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. Fujiwara, D. Wong, and S. Fleming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1177 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

R. Gafsi and M. A. El-Sherif, Opt. Fiber Technol. 6, 299 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Simulated vertical stress distribution σ y of (a) a 220 - μ m diameter solid fiber and (b) a 220 μ m diameter two-hole fiber under an external load of F y = 50 N cm . The units for the scale bar are megapascals. The top and bottom contact points of the external force are truncated to show detailed stress distribution in the fiber center.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Vertical and horizontal stress distributions of a fiber section defined by the centers of the fiber and centers of two air holes under a load of 50 N cm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical microscope picture of a cross section of a two-hole fiber. The bright spot between the two air holes is the fiber core.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Reflection spectra of a FBG in a two-hole fiber when two air holes were oriented perpendicular and parallel to an external load of 80 N cm .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

FBG peak shifts and splits in a two-hole fiber as a function of an external load for both perpendicular and parallel hole orientations. Solid lines are FEA simulation results.

Metrics