Abstract

We demonstrated the generation of a radially polarized laser beam from an extremely simple laser resonator including a c-cut Nd:YVO4 crystal as a laser medium. The oscillation in the radial polarization was based on the optical path difference between an extraordinary ray and an ordinary ray induced by the birefringence of the crystal. By simply adjusting the distance between two cavity mirrors, only the extraordinary ray became stable for the oscillation, resulting in the generation of a radially polarized beam. The beam was very stable even at low power output and is expected to be a promising radially polarized laser source because of its excellent simplicity.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. K. S. Youngworth and T. G. Brown, Opt. Express 7, 77 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glöckl, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 179, 1 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Q. Zhan and J. R. Lerger, Opt. Express 10, 324 (2002).
    [PubMed]
  4. Q. Zhan, Opt. Express 12, 3377 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. V. G. Niziev and A. V. Nestrov, J. Phys. D 32, 1455 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. V. Nestrov and V. G. Niziev, J. Phys. D 33, 1817 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. C. Tidwell, G. H. Kim, and W. D. Kimura, Appl. Opt. 32, 5222 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. L. Novotny, M. R. Beversluis, K. S. Youngworth, and T. G. Brown, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5251 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. C. Tidwell, D. H. Ford, and W. D. Kimura, Appl. Opt. 29, 2234 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. J. Armstrong, M. C. Phillips, and A. V. Smith, Appl. Opt. 42, 3550 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R. Oron, S. Blit, N. Davidson, A. A. Friesen, and E. Hasman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3322 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Kozawa and S. Sato, Opt. Lett. 30, 3063 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. D. Pohl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 266 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  14. I. Moshe, S. Jackel, and A. Meir, Opt. Lett. 28, 807 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. H. Nagamoto, M. Nakastuka, K. Naito, M. Yamanaka, K. Yoshida, T. Sasaki, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, S. Saito, and Y. Kuwano, Laser Res. 18, 87 (1990) [in Japanese].
  16. A. V. Nesterov, V. G. Niziev, and V. P. Yakunin, J. Phys. D 32, 2871 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shchebakov, Appl. Phys. B 58, 373 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J.-F. Bisson, J. Li, K. Ueda, and Yu. Senatsky, Opt. Express 17, 3304 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

J.-F. Bisson, J. Li, K. Ueda, and Yu. Senatsky, Opt. Express 17, 3304 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

L. Novotny, M. R. Beversluis, K. S. Youngworth, and T. G. Brown, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5251 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (4)

R. Oron, S. Blit, N. Davidson, A. A. Friesen, and E. Hasman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glöckl, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 179, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Nestrov and V. G. Niziev, J. Phys. D 33, 1817 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Youngworth and T. G. Brown, Opt. Express 7, 77 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

V. G. Niziev and A. V. Nestrov, J. Phys. D 32, 1455 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Nesterov, V. G. Niziev, and V. P. Yakunin, J. Phys. D 32, 2871 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shchebakov, Appl. Phys. B 58, 373 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1990 (2)

S. C. Tidwell, D. H. Ford, and W. D. Kimura, Appl. Opt. 29, 2234 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Nagamoto, M. Nakastuka, K. Naito, M. Yamanaka, K. Yoshida, T. Sasaki, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, S. Saito, and Y. Kuwano, Laser Res. 18, 87 (1990) [in Japanese].

1972 (1)

D. Pohl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 266 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, D. J.

Beversluis, M. R.

L. Novotny, M. R. Beversluis, K. S. Youngworth, and T. G. Brown, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5251 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bisson, J.-F.

J.-F. Bisson, J. Li, K. Ueda, and Yu. Senatsky, Opt. Express 17, 3304 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Blit, S.

R. Oron, S. Blit, N. Davidson, A. A. Friesen, and E. Hasman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brown, T. G.

L. Novotny, M. R. Beversluis, K. S. Youngworth, and T. G. Brown, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5251 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. S. Youngworth and T. G. Brown, Opt. Express 7, 77 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davidson, N.

R. Oron, S. Blit, N. Davidson, A. A. Friesen, and E. Hasman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dorn, R.

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glöckl, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 179, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Eberler, M.

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glöckl, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 179, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ford, D. H.

Friesen, A. A.

R. Oron, S. Blit, N. Davidson, A. A. Friesen, and E. Hasman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Glöckl, O.

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glöckl, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 179, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hasman, E.

R. Oron, S. Blit, N. Davidson, A. A. Friesen, and E. Hasman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shchebakov, Appl. Phys. B 58, 373 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jackel, S.

Jensen, T.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shchebakov, Appl. Phys. B 58, 373 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kanabe, T.

H. Nagamoto, M. Nakastuka, K. Naito, M. Yamanaka, K. Yoshida, T. Sasaki, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, S. Saito, and Y. Kuwano, Laser Res. 18, 87 (1990) [in Japanese].

Kim, G. H.

Kimura, W. D.

Kozawa, Y.

Kuwano, Y.

H. Nagamoto, M. Nakastuka, K. Naito, M. Yamanaka, K. Yoshida, T. Sasaki, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, S. Saito, and Y. Kuwano, Laser Res. 18, 87 (1990) [in Japanese].

Lerger, J. R.

Leuchs, G.

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glöckl, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 179, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

J.-F. Bisson, J. Li, K. Ueda, and Yu. Senatsky, Opt. Express 17, 3304 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Meir, A.

Meyn, J. P.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shchebakov, Appl. Phys. B 58, 373 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Moshe, I.

Nagamoto, H.

H. Nagamoto, M. Nakastuka, K. Naito, M. Yamanaka, K. Yoshida, T. Sasaki, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, S. Saito, and Y. Kuwano, Laser Res. 18, 87 (1990) [in Japanese].

Naito, K.

H. Nagamoto, M. Nakastuka, K. Naito, M. Yamanaka, K. Yoshida, T. Sasaki, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, S. Saito, and Y. Kuwano, Laser Res. 18, 87 (1990) [in Japanese].

Nakai, S.

H. Nagamoto, M. Nakastuka, K. Naito, M. Yamanaka, K. Yoshida, T. Sasaki, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, S. Saito, and Y. Kuwano, Laser Res. 18, 87 (1990) [in Japanese].

Nakastuka, M.

H. Nagamoto, M. Nakastuka, K. Naito, M. Yamanaka, K. Yoshida, T. Sasaki, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, S. Saito, and Y. Kuwano, Laser Res. 18, 87 (1990) [in Japanese].

Nesterov, A. V.

A. V. Nesterov, V. G. Niziev, and V. P. Yakunin, J. Phys. D 32, 2871 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nestrov, A. V.

A. V. Nestrov and V. G. Niziev, J. Phys. D 33, 1817 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Niziev and A. V. Nestrov, J. Phys. D 32, 1455 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Niziev, V. G.

A. V. Nestrov and V. G. Niziev, J. Phys. D 33, 1817 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Niziev and A. V. Nestrov, J. Phys. D 32, 1455 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Nesterov, V. G. Niziev, and V. P. Yakunin, J. Phys. D 32, 2871 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Novotny, L.

L. Novotny, M. R. Beversluis, K. S. Youngworth, and T. G. Brown, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5251 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oron, R.

R. Oron, S. Blit, N. Davidson, A. A. Friesen, and E. Hasman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ostroumov, V. G.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shchebakov, Appl. Phys. B 58, 373 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, M. C.

Pohl, D.

D. Pohl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 266 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Quabis, S.

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glöckl, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 179, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Saito, S.

H. Nagamoto, M. Nakastuka, K. Naito, M. Yamanaka, K. Yoshida, T. Sasaki, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, S. Saito, and Y. Kuwano, Laser Res. 18, 87 (1990) [in Japanese].

Sasaki, T.

H. Nagamoto, M. Nakastuka, K. Naito, M. Yamanaka, K. Yoshida, T. Sasaki, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, S. Saito, and Y. Kuwano, Laser Res. 18, 87 (1990) [in Japanese].

Sato, S.

Senatsky, Yu.

J.-F. Bisson, J. Li, K. Ueda, and Yu. Senatsky, Opt. Express 17, 3304 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shchebakov, I. A.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shchebakov, Appl. Phys. B 58, 373 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Smith, A. V.

Tidwell, S. C.

Ueda, K.

J.-F. Bisson, J. Li, K. Ueda, and Yu. Senatsky, Opt. Express 17, 3304 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yakunin, V. P.

A. V. Nesterov, V. G. Niziev, and V. P. Yakunin, J. Phys. D 32, 2871 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yamanaka, M.

H. Nagamoto, M. Nakastuka, K. Naito, M. Yamanaka, K. Yoshida, T. Sasaki, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, S. Saito, and Y. Kuwano, Laser Res. 18, 87 (1990) [in Japanese].

Yoshida, K.

H. Nagamoto, M. Nakastuka, K. Naito, M. Yamanaka, K. Yoshida, T. Sasaki, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, S. Saito, and Y. Kuwano, Laser Res. 18, 87 (1990) [in Japanese].

Youngworth, K. S.

L. Novotny, M. R. Beversluis, K. S. Youngworth, and T. G. Brown, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5251 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. S. Youngworth and T. G. Brown, Opt. Express 7, 77 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zagumennyi, A. I.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shchebakov, Appl. Phys. B 58, 373 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zhan, Q.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shchebakov, Appl. Phys. B 58, 373 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

R. Oron, S. Blit, N. Davidson, A. A. Friesen, and E. Hasman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Pohl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 266 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (3)

V. G. Niziev and A. V. Nestrov, J. Phys. D 32, 1455 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Nestrov and V. G. Niziev, J. Phys. D 33, 1817 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Nesterov, V. G. Niziev, and V. P. Yakunin, J. Phys. D 32, 2871 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Laser Res. (1)

H. Nagamoto, M. Nakastuka, K. Naito, M. Yamanaka, K. Yoshida, T. Sasaki, T. Kanabe, S. Nakai, S. Saito, and Y. Kuwano, Laser Res. 18, 87 (1990) [in Japanese].

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glöckl, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 179, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

L. Novotny, M. R. Beversluis, K. S. Youngworth, and T. G. Brown, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5251 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of a laser resonator for generation of a radially polarized beam. It is shown that the ordinary and extraordinary rays take different optical paths in the Nd : Y V O 4 rod because of the different refractive indices. HR, high reflection.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Pumping scheme for the c-cut Nd : Y V O 4 crystal. (a) Directions of the c-axis of the Nd : Y V O 4 crystal and the polarization of the pump beam from a laser diode. (b) Cross-sectional view of the arrangement of the laser rod and diode lasers for pumping.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Intensity distributions of the laser beam. (a) Total intensity distribution. (b)–(e) Intensity distributions after the beam passes through a linear polarizer. The arrows indicate the directions of the polarizer. (f) Intensity profile (gray circles) along the vertical line intersecting the center of (a) and the result of fitting to the TEM 01 mode profile (solid curve).

Metrics