Abstract

Full-color synthesis was achieved, for what we believe is the first time, utilizing a novel 3×1 hard polymer-clad fiber coupler along with red, green, and blue (RGB) LED primaries. By using RGB LEDs that are coupled to three input ports, the device rendered full color from the output port with a circular emitting pixel of 135μm in diameter with an extended color gamut. The proposed fiber-optic color synthesizer can provide a compact waveguide solution for the beam scanning display and the tunable pure white source for LED backlighting.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. B. Spitzer, P. M. Zavracky, J. Crawford, P. Aquilino, and G. Hunter, "Eyewear platforms for miniature displays," in Proceedings of the Society for Information Display (2001), paper 17.5, pp. 258-261.
  2. M. van Waldkirch, P. Lukowicz, and G. Tröster, Opt. Express 11, 3220 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. S. Kollin and M. Tidwell, in Proc. SPIE 2537, 48 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. M. Lippert, V. Andron, and T. E. Sanko, "Overview of light beam scanning technology for automotive projection displays," in Eighth Annual Symposium on Vehicle Display, Detroit, Michigan, Session 1.1 (2001), pp. 15-16.
  5. G. C. de Wit, Appl. Opt. 38, 5587 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. J. Seibel, S. S. Frank, M. Fauver, J. Crossman-Bosworth, J. R. Senour, and R. Burstein, "Optical fiber scanning as a microdisplay source for a wearable low vision aid," in Proceedings of the Society for Information Display (2002), paper P-37, pp. 338-341.
  7. G. Harbers and C. Hoelen, "High performance LCD backlighting using high intensity red, green and blue light emitting diodes," in Proceedings of the Society for Information Display (2001), paper LP-2, pp. 702-705.
  8. Y. Martynov, H. Konijn, N. Pfeffer, S. Kuppens, and W. Timmers, "High-efficiency slim LED backlight system with mixing light guide," in Proceedings of the Society for Information Display (2003), paper 43.3, pp. 1259-1261.
  9. X. Yang, Y. Yan, and G. Jin, Opt. Express 13, 8349 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. R. Jenkins, D. C. Beuzekom, G. Kollman, C. B. Wooley, and R. Rykowski, in Proc. SPIE 4295, 176 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

2001 (1)

D. R. Jenkins, D. C. Beuzekom, G. Kollman, C. B. Wooley, and R. Rykowski, in Proc. SPIE 4295, 176 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

G. C. de Wit, Appl. Opt. 38, 5587 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

J. S. Kollin and M. Tidwell, in Proc. SPIE 2537, 48 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Andron, V.

T. M. Lippert, V. Andron, and T. E. Sanko, "Overview of light beam scanning technology for automotive projection displays," in Eighth Annual Symposium on Vehicle Display, Detroit, Michigan, Session 1.1 (2001), pp. 15-16.

Aquilino, P.

M. B. Spitzer, P. M. Zavracky, J. Crawford, P. Aquilino, and G. Hunter, "Eyewear platforms for miniature displays," in Proceedings of the Society for Information Display (2001), paper 17.5, pp. 258-261.

Beuzekom, D. C.

D. R. Jenkins, D. C. Beuzekom, G. Kollman, C. B. Wooley, and R. Rykowski, in Proc. SPIE 4295, 176 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Burstein, R.

E. J. Seibel, S. S. Frank, M. Fauver, J. Crossman-Bosworth, J. R. Senour, and R. Burstein, "Optical fiber scanning as a microdisplay source for a wearable low vision aid," in Proceedings of the Society for Information Display (2002), paper P-37, pp. 338-341.

Crawford, J.

M. B. Spitzer, P. M. Zavracky, J. Crawford, P. Aquilino, and G. Hunter, "Eyewear platforms for miniature displays," in Proceedings of the Society for Information Display (2001), paper 17.5, pp. 258-261.

Crossman-Bosworth, J.

E. J. Seibel, S. S. Frank, M. Fauver, J. Crossman-Bosworth, J. R. Senour, and R. Burstein, "Optical fiber scanning as a microdisplay source for a wearable low vision aid," in Proceedings of the Society for Information Display (2002), paper P-37, pp. 338-341.

de Wit, G. C.

G. C. de Wit, Appl. Opt. 38, 5587 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fauver, M.

E. J. Seibel, S. S. Frank, M. Fauver, J. Crossman-Bosworth, J. R. Senour, and R. Burstein, "Optical fiber scanning as a microdisplay source for a wearable low vision aid," in Proceedings of the Society for Information Display (2002), paper P-37, pp. 338-341.

Frank, S. S.

E. J. Seibel, S. S. Frank, M. Fauver, J. Crossman-Bosworth, J. R. Senour, and R. Burstein, "Optical fiber scanning as a microdisplay source for a wearable low vision aid," in Proceedings of the Society for Information Display (2002), paper P-37, pp. 338-341.

Harbers, G.

G. Harbers and C. Hoelen, "High performance LCD backlighting using high intensity red, green and blue light emitting diodes," in Proceedings of the Society for Information Display (2001), paper LP-2, pp. 702-705.

Hoelen, C.

G. Harbers and C. Hoelen, "High performance LCD backlighting using high intensity red, green and blue light emitting diodes," in Proceedings of the Society for Information Display (2001), paper LP-2, pp. 702-705.

Hunter, G.

M. B. Spitzer, P. M. Zavracky, J. Crawford, P. Aquilino, and G. Hunter, "Eyewear platforms for miniature displays," in Proceedings of the Society for Information Display (2001), paper 17.5, pp. 258-261.

Jenkins, D. R.

D. R. Jenkins, D. C. Beuzekom, G. Kollman, C. B. Wooley, and R. Rykowski, in Proc. SPIE 4295, 176 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jin, G.

Kollin, J. S.

J. S. Kollin and M. Tidwell, in Proc. SPIE 2537, 48 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kollman, G.

D. R. Jenkins, D. C. Beuzekom, G. Kollman, C. B. Wooley, and R. Rykowski, in Proc. SPIE 4295, 176 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Konijn, H.

Y. Martynov, H. Konijn, N. Pfeffer, S. Kuppens, and W. Timmers, "High-efficiency slim LED backlight system with mixing light guide," in Proceedings of the Society for Information Display (2003), paper 43.3, pp. 1259-1261.

Kuppens, S.

Y. Martynov, H. Konijn, N. Pfeffer, S. Kuppens, and W. Timmers, "High-efficiency slim LED backlight system with mixing light guide," in Proceedings of the Society for Information Display (2003), paper 43.3, pp. 1259-1261.

Lippert, T. M.

T. M. Lippert, V. Andron, and T. E. Sanko, "Overview of light beam scanning technology for automotive projection displays," in Eighth Annual Symposium on Vehicle Display, Detroit, Michigan, Session 1.1 (2001), pp. 15-16.

Lukowicz, P.

Martynov, Y.

Y. Martynov, H. Konijn, N. Pfeffer, S. Kuppens, and W. Timmers, "High-efficiency slim LED backlight system with mixing light guide," in Proceedings of the Society for Information Display (2003), paper 43.3, pp. 1259-1261.

Pfeffer, N.

Y. Martynov, H. Konijn, N. Pfeffer, S. Kuppens, and W. Timmers, "High-efficiency slim LED backlight system with mixing light guide," in Proceedings of the Society for Information Display (2003), paper 43.3, pp. 1259-1261.

Rykowski, R.

D. R. Jenkins, D. C. Beuzekom, G. Kollman, C. B. Wooley, and R. Rykowski, in Proc. SPIE 4295, 176 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sanko, T. E.

T. M. Lippert, V. Andron, and T. E. Sanko, "Overview of light beam scanning technology for automotive projection displays," in Eighth Annual Symposium on Vehicle Display, Detroit, Michigan, Session 1.1 (2001), pp. 15-16.

Seibel, E. J.

E. J. Seibel, S. S. Frank, M. Fauver, J. Crossman-Bosworth, J. R. Senour, and R. Burstein, "Optical fiber scanning as a microdisplay source for a wearable low vision aid," in Proceedings of the Society for Information Display (2002), paper P-37, pp. 338-341.

Senour, J. R.

E. J. Seibel, S. S. Frank, M. Fauver, J. Crossman-Bosworth, J. R. Senour, and R. Burstein, "Optical fiber scanning as a microdisplay source for a wearable low vision aid," in Proceedings of the Society for Information Display (2002), paper P-37, pp. 338-341.

Spitzer, M. B.

M. B. Spitzer, P. M. Zavracky, J. Crawford, P. Aquilino, and G. Hunter, "Eyewear platforms for miniature displays," in Proceedings of the Society for Information Display (2001), paper 17.5, pp. 258-261.

Tidwell, M.

J. S. Kollin and M. Tidwell, in Proc. SPIE 2537, 48 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Timmers, W.

Y. Martynov, H. Konijn, N. Pfeffer, S. Kuppens, and W. Timmers, "High-efficiency slim LED backlight system with mixing light guide," in Proceedings of the Society for Information Display (2003), paper 43.3, pp. 1259-1261.

Tröster, G.

van Waldkirch, M.

Wooley, C. B.

D. R. Jenkins, D. C. Beuzekom, G. Kollman, C. B. Wooley, and R. Rykowski, in Proc. SPIE 4295, 176 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yan, Y.

Yang, X.

Zavracky, P. M.

M. B. Spitzer, P. M. Zavracky, J. Crawford, P. Aquilino, and G. Hunter, "Eyewear platforms for miniature displays," in Proceedings of the Society for Information Display (2001), paper 17.5, pp. 258-261.

Appl. Opt. (1)

G. C. de Wit, Appl. Opt. 38, 5587 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Proc. SPIE (2)

J. S. Kollin and M. Tidwell, in Proc. SPIE 2537, 48 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Jenkins, D. C. Beuzekom, G. Kollman, C. B. Wooley, and R. Rykowski, in Proc. SPIE 4295, 176 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

T. M. Lippert, V. Andron, and T. E. Sanko, "Overview of light beam scanning technology for automotive projection displays," in Eighth Annual Symposium on Vehicle Display, Detroit, Michigan, Session 1.1 (2001), pp. 15-16.

E. J. Seibel, S. S. Frank, M. Fauver, J. Crossman-Bosworth, J. R. Senour, and R. Burstein, "Optical fiber scanning as a microdisplay source for a wearable low vision aid," in Proceedings of the Society for Information Display (2002), paper P-37, pp. 338-341.

G. Harbers and C. Hoelen, "High performance LCD backlighting using high intensity red, green and blue light emitting diodes," in Proceedings of the Society for Information Display (2001), paper LP-2, pp. 702-705.

Y. Martynov, H. Konijn, N. Pfeffer, S. Kuppens, and W. Timmers, "High-efficiency slim LED backlight system with mixing light guide," in Proceedings of the Society for Information Display (2003), paper 43.3, pp. 1259-1261.

M. B. Spitzer, P. M. Zavracky, J. Crawford, P. Aquilino, and G. Hunter, "Eyewear platforms for miniature displays," in Proceedings of the Society for Information Display (2001), paper 17.5, pp. 258-261.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) HPCF structure and (b) schematics of 3 × 1 HPCF coupler. Two photographs show the end face of the coupling zone and the HPCF.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Three-dimensional diagram of the FOCS assembly.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Normalized electroluminscence intensity of the RGB light sources; (b) photoimage at the HPCF end face with various launching conditions.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured CIE 1931 chromaticity diagram for (a) the extended color gamut and (b) covering white zone by the proposed FOCS.

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