Abstract

Aqueous solutions of the water-soluble porphyrin 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrina tomanganese(III) acetate were inserted into the holes of a photonic crystal fiber, and the porphyrin absorption bands were identified. Results were obtained for three concentrations. The porphyrins in water show no surface interactions with the silica walls of the capillary channels. We discuss the implications for future hybrid electronic and photonic fiber devices.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. M. Fini, Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1120 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  2. M. Gouterman, J. Mol. Struct. 6, 138 (1961).
  3. A. A. Umar, M. M. Salleh, and M. Yahaya, Sens. Actuators B 101, 231 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  4. G. Antonio, M. Placido, E. Sacmporrino, D. Vitalini, and I. Fragala, Chem. Mater. 16, 1838 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. Canning, E. Buckley, S. Huntington, and K. Lyytikäinen, Electrochim. Acta 49, 3581 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  6. N. A. Issa and L. Poladian, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1005 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  7. C. Martelli, J. Canning, K. Lyytikainen, and N. Groothoff, Opt. Express 13, 3890 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, and A. S. Bjarklev, Photonic Crystal Fibers (Kluwer, 2003).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. Burck, J. P. Conzen, and H. J. Ache, J. Anal. Chem. 342, 394 (1991).
  10. D. F. Shriver, P. W. Atkins, and C. H. Langford, Inorganic Chemistry (Oxford U. Press, 1990).
  11. H. R. Sørenson, J. Canning, J. Laesggard, and K. Hanson, "Liquid filling of photonic crystal fibres for grating writing," Opt. Commun. (to be published).
  12. C. M. Yam, S. S. Y. Tong, and A. K. Kakkar, Langmuir 14, 6941 (1998).
    [Crossref]

2005 (1)

2004 (4)

A. A. Umar, M. M. Salleh, and M. Yahaya, Sens. Actuators B 101, 231 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Antonio, M. Placido, E. Sacmporrino, D. Vitalini, and I. Fragala, Chem. Mater. 16, 1838 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Canning, E. Buckley, S. Huntington, and K. Lyytikäinen, Electrochim. Acta 49, 3581 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. M. Fini, Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1120 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

1998 (1)

C. M. Yam, S. S. Y. Tong, and A. K. Kakkar, Langmuir 14, 6941 (1998).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

J. Burck, J. P. Conzen, and H. J. Ache, J. Anal. Chem. 342, 394 (1991).

1961 (1)

M. Gouterman, J. Mol. Struct. 6, 138 (1961).

Ache, H. J.

J. Burck, J. P. Conzen, and H. J. Ache, J. Anal. Chem. 342, 394 (1991).

Antonio, G.

G. Antonio, M. Placido, E. Sacmporrino, D. Vitalini, and I. Fragala, Chem. Mater. 16, 1838 (2004).
[Crossref]

Atkins, P. W.

D. F. Shriver, P. W. Atkins, and C. H. Langford, Inorganic Chemistry (Oxford U. Press, 1990).

Bjarklev, A.

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, and A. S. Bjarklev, Photonic Crystal Fibers (Kluwer, 2003).
[Crossref]

Bjarklev, A. S.

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, and A. S. Bjarklev, Photonic Crystal Fibers (Kluwer, 2003).
[Crossref]

Broeng, J.

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, and A. S. Bjarklev, Photonic Crystal Fibers (Kluwer, 2003).
[Crossref]

Buckley, E.

J. Canning, E. Buckley, S. Huntington, and K. Lyytikäinen, Electrochim. Acta 49, 3581 (2004).
[Crossref]

Burck, J.

J. Burck, J. P. Conzen, and H. J. Ache, J. Anal. Chem. 342, 394 (1991).

Canning, J.

C. Martelli, J. Canning, K. Lyytikainen, and N. Groothoff, Opt. Express 13, 3890 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Canning, E. Buckley, S. Huntington, and K. Lyytikäinen, Electrochim. Acta 49, 3581 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. R. Sørenson, J. Canning, J. Laesggard, and K. Hanson, "Liquid filling of photonic crystal fibres for grating writing," Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Conzen, J. P.

J. Burck, J. P. Conzen, and H. J. Ache, J. Anal. Chem. 342, 394 (1991).

Fini, J. M.

J. M. Fini, Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1120 (2004).
[Crossref]

Fragala, I.

G. Antonio, M. Placido, E. Sacmporrino, D. Vitalini, and I. Fragala, Chem. Mater. 16, 1838 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gouterman, M.

M. Gouterman, J. Mol. Struct. 6, 138 (1961).

Groothoff, N.

Hanson, K.

H. R. Sørenson, J. Canning, J. Laesggard, and K. Hanson, "Liquid filling of photonic crystal fibres for grating writing," Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Huntington, S.

J. Canning, E. Buckley, S. Huntington, and K. Lyytikäinen, Electrochim. Acta 49, 3581 (2004).
[Crossref]

Issa, N. A.

Kakkar, A. K.

C. M. Yam, S. S. Y. Tong, and A. K. Kakkar, Langmuir 14, 6941 (1998).
[Crossref]

Laesggard, J.

H. R. Sørenson, J. Canning, J. Laesggard, and K. Hanson, "Liquid filling of photonic crystal fibres for grating writing," Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Langford, C. H.

D. F. Shriver, P. W. Atkins, and C. H. Langford, Inorganic Chemistry (Oxford U. Press, 1990).

Lyytikainen, K.

Lyytikäinen, K.

J. Canning, E. Buckley, S. Huntington, and K. Lyytikäinen, Electrochim. Acta 49, 3581 (2004).
[Crossref]

Martelli, C.

Placido, M.

G. Antonio, M. Placido, E. Sacmporrino, D. Vitalini, and I. Fragala, Chem. Mater. 16, 1838 (2004).
[Crossref]

Poladian, L.

Sacmporrino, E.

G. Antonio, M. Placido, E. Sacmporrino, D. Vitalini, and I. Fragala, Chem. Mater. 16, 1838 (2004).
[Crossref]

Salleh, M. M.

A. A. Umar, M. M. Salleh, and M. Yahaya, Sens. Actuators B 101, 231 (2004).
[Crossref]

Shriver, D. F.

D. F. Shriver, P. W. Atkins, and C. H. Langford, Inorganic Chemistry (Oxford U. Press, 1990).

Sørenson, H. R.

H. R. Sørenson, J. Canning, J. Laesggard, and K. Hanson, "Liquid filling of photonic crystal fibres for grating writing," Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Tong, S. S. Y.

C. M. Yam, S. S. Y. Tong, and A. K. Kakkar, Langmuir 14, 6941 (1998).
[Crossref]

Umar, A. A.

A. A. Umar, M. M. Salleh, and M. Yahaya, Sens. Actuators B 101, 231 (2004).
[Crossref]

Vitalini, D.

G. Antonio, M. Placido, E. Sacmporrino, D. Vitalini, and I. Fragala, Chem. Mater. 16, 1838 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yahaya, M.

A. A. Umar, M. M. Salleh, and M. Yahaya, Sens. Actuators B 101, 231 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yam, C. M.

C. M. Yam, S. S. Y. Tong, and A. K. Kakkar, Langmuir 14, 6941 (1998).
[Crossref]

Chem. Mater. (1)

G. Antonio, M. Placido, E. Sacmporrino, D. Vitalini, and I. Fragala, Chem. Mater. 16, 1838 (2004).
[Crossref]

Electrochim. Acta (1)

J. Canning, E. Buckley, S. Huntington, and K. Lyytikäinen, Electrochim. Acta 49, 3581 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Anal. Chem. (1)

J. Burck, J. P. Conzen, and H. J. Ache, J. Anal. Chem. 342, 394 (1991).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Mol. Struct. (1)

M. Gouterman, J. Mol. Struct. 6, 138 (1961).

Langmuir (1)

C. M. Yam, S. S. Y. Tong, and A. K. Kakkar, Langmuir 14, 6941 (1998).
[Crossref]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

J. M. Fini, Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1120 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Sens. Actuators B (1)

A. A. Umar, M. M. Salleh, and M. Yahaya, Sens. Actuators B 101, 231 (2004).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

D. F. Shriver, P. W. Atkins, and C. H. Langford, Inorganic Chemistry (Oxford U. Press, 1990).

H. R. Sørenson, J. Canning, J. Laesggard, and K. Hanson, "Liquid filling of photonic crystal fibres for grating writing," Opt. Commun. (to be published).

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, and A. S. Bjarklev, Photonic Crystal Fibers (Kluwer, 2003).
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SEM image of the six-ring photonic crystal fiber used in the experiments. Inset (top), calculated modal field distribution; (bottom), evanescent field inside the holes, which corresponds to 3.3% of the total confined optical power at 460 nm , considering all the holes filled with pure water.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated confinement loss of the fiber for air and water inside the holes for a 22 cm long fiber. The calculated structure was for the first three rings of holes.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Bulk measurements for five different porphyrin concentrations; (b) structure of the water-soluble porphyrin TPPSMn-OAc.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fiber transmission spectrum for the pristine fiber (air in the holes), pure water, and three different concentrations of porphyrin solution within the fiber holes.

Equations (1)

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Abs = α c η l C + L .

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