Abstract

The polarization dependence of an arrayed waveguide grating demultiplexer based on Si photonic wires is analyzed. The height and width of the arrayed waveguides are optimized to make the channel spacing polarization insensitive. To make the central wavelength polarization insensitive, different diffraction orders are chosen for TE and TM polarizations, and the remaining polarization-dependent wavelength is compensated with a noncentral input. A detailed design procedure is presented and numerical simulation results are given.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, P. Dumon, V. Wiaux, S. Beckx, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, J. Van Campenhout, P. Bienstman, and D. Van Thourhout, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 401 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Sasaki, F. Ohno, A. Motegi, and T. Baba, Electron. Lett. 41, 801 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, and P. Jaenen, Opt. Express 14, 664 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Y. Inoue, Y. Ohmori, M. Kawachi, S. Ando, T. Sawada, and H. Takahashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 626 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. K. Smit and C. van Dam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 236 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Kaneko, T. Goh, H. Yamada, T. Tanaka, and I. Ogawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 1227 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Wu, Optical Waveguide Theory (Tsinghua University, 2000).
  9. H. Wei, J. Zhong, L. Liu, X. Zhang, W. Shi, and C. Fang, J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 739 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. Dai and S. He, "Characteristic analysis of nano silicon rectangular waveguides for planar lightwave circuits of high integration," Appl. Opt. (to be published).
    [PubMed]
  11. M. Zimgibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, Th. Gaiffe, and C. Dragone, Electron. Lett. 29, 201 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (3)

W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, P. Dumon, V. Wiaux, S. Beckx, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, J. Van Campenhout, P. Bienstman, and D. Van Thourhout, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Sasaki, F. Ohno, A. Motegi, and T. Baba, Electron. Lett. 41, 801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1999 (1)

A. Kaneko, T. Goh, H. Yamada, T. Tanaka, and I. Ogawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 1227 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. K. Smit and C. van Dam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 236 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

Y. Inoue, Y. Ohmori, M. Kawachi, S. Ando, T. Sawada, and H. Takahashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 626 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

M. Zimgibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, Th. Gaiffe, and C. Dragone, Electron. Lett. 29, 201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ando, S.

Y. Inoue, Y. Ohmori, M. Kawachi, S. Ando, T. Sawada, and H. Takahashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 626 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Baba, T.

K. Sasaki, F. Ohno, A. Motegi, and T. Baba, Electron. Lett. 41, 801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

Beckx, S.

Bienstman, P.

Bogaerts, W.

Campenhout, J. Van

Dai, D.

D. Dai and S. He, "Characteristic analysis of nano silicon rectangular waveguides for planar lightwave circuits of high integration," Appl. Opt. (to be published).
[PubMed]

Dragone, C.

M. Zimgibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, Th. Gaiffe, and C. Dragone, Electron. Lett. 29, 201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dumon, P.

Fang, C.

Fukuda, H.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gaiffe, Th.

M. Zimgibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, Th. Gaiffe, and C. Dragone, Electron. Lett. 29, 201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Goh, T.

A. Kaneko, T. Goh, H. Yamada, T. Tanaka, and I. Ogawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 1227 (1999).
[CrossRef]

He, S.

D. Dai and S. He, "Characteristic analysis of nano silicon rectangular waveguides for planar lightwave circuits of high integration," Appl. Opt. (to be published).
[PubMed]

Inoue, Y.

Y. Inoue, Y. Ohmori, M. Kawachi, S. Ando, T. Sawada, and H. Takahashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 626 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Itabashi, S.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jaenen, P.

Joyner, C. H.

M. Zimgibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, Th. Gaiffe, and C. Dragone, Electron. Lett. 29, 201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kaneko, A.

A. Kaneko, T. Goh, H. Yamada, T. Tanaka, and I. Ogawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 1227 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kawachi, M.

Y. Inoue, Y. Ohmori, M. Kawachi, S. Ando, T. Sawada, and H. Takahashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 626 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Liu, L.

Luyssaert, B.

Morita, H.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Motegi, A.

K. Sasaki, F. Ohno, A. Motegi, and T. Baba, Electron. Lett. 41, 801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, I.

A. Kaneko, T. Goh, H. Yamada, T. Tanaka, and I. Ogawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 1227 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ohmori, Y.

Y. Inoue, Y. Ohmori, M. Kawachi, S. Ando, T. Sawada, and H. Takahashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 626 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ohno, F.

K. Sasaki, F. Ohno, A. Motegi, and T. Baba, Electron. Lett. 41, 801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, K.

K. Sasaki, F. Ohno, A. Motegi, and T. Baba, Electron. Lett. 41, 801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sawada, T.

Y. Inoue, Y. Ohmori, M. Kawachi, S. Ando, T. Sawada, and H. Takahashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 626 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shi, W.

Shoji, T.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Smit, M. K.

M. K. Smit and C. van Dam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 236 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Stulz, L. W.

M. Zimgibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, Th. Gaiffe, and C. Dragone, Electron. Lett. 29, 201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Taillaert, D.

Takahashi, H.

Y. Inoue, Y. Ohmori, M. Kawachi, S. Ando, T. Sawada, and H. Takahashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 626 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, J.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, M.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tamechika, E.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, T.

A. Kaneko, T. Goh, H. Yamada, T. Tanaka, and I. Ogawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 1227 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchizawa, T.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

van Dam, C.

M. K. Smit and C. van Dam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 236 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Van Thourhout, D.

Watanabe, T.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wei, H.

Wiaux, V.

Wouters, J.

Wu, C.

C. Wu, Optical Waveguide Theory (Tsinghua University, 2000).

Yamada, H.

A. Kaneko, T. Goh, H. Yamada, T. Tanaka, and I. Ogawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 1227 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, K.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Zhong, J.

Zimgibl, M.

M. Zimgibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, Th. Gaiffe, and C. Dragone, Electron. Lett. 29, 201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

D. Dai and S. He, "Characteristic analysis of nano silicon rectangular waveguides for planar lightwave circuits of high integration," Appl. Opt. (to be published).
[PubMed]

Electron. Lett. (2)

M. Zimgibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, Th. Gaiffe, and C. Dragone, Electron. Lett. 29, 201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Sasaki, F. Ohno, A. Motegi, and T. Baba, Electron. Lett. 41, 801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Smit and C. van Dam, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 236 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Kaneko, T. Goh, H. Yamada, T. Tanaka, and I. Ogawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 1227 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. Inoue, Y. Ohmori, M. Kawachi, S. Ando, T. Sawada, and H. Takahashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 626 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (1)

Other (1)

C. Wu, Optical Waveguide Theory (Tsinghua University, 2000).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic configuration for an AWG demultiplexer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Ratio γ g λ as h co increases for different core widths w co .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Relation between h co and w co when γ s λ = γ g λ .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Maximal value γ g λ _ max as the core height h co increases.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Simulated spectral responses (TE and TM polarizations) of the designed polarization-insensitive AWG for the central and edge channels; (b) enlarged view.

Equations (3)

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λ 0 ( TE TM ) = [ n g λ 0 ( TE TM ) Δ L n s λ 0 ( TE TM ) d g x i L FPR ] m ( TE TM ) ,
δ m < [ m ( TM ) λ 0 TE ] [ Δ λ ch 20 ] .
x i = { 1 [ ( 1 Γ ) ( m ( TM ) δ m + 1 ) ] } [ m ( TE ) λ 0 ( TE ) ( n s λ 0 ( TE ) d g i L FPR i ) ] ,

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