Abstract

For cost and design simplicity, various optical network architectures have been proposed in which downstream traffic from the optical line terminal to the optical networking unit is transmitted by carriers in the 1550nm window, and upstream traffic by those in the 1300nm window. A new generation of multimode fiber (MMF) has been designed to accommodate this requirement and to address technical challenges associated with fiber coupling. By restricting the number of modes at both fiber input and output, using off-the-shelf single-mode transceivers, single-wavelength 40Gbits data transmission over a 1km broad wavelength window multimode fiber has been demonstrated with only a 1.5dB power penalty. The capacity in this new class of MMF is expected to increase with conventional technologies in single-mode fiber such as wavelength-division multiplexing and polarization multiplexing.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. Y. Zhou, Y. Zhang, and W. Liu, Proc. IEEE 88, 856 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. G. Kazovsky, S. Genedetto, and A. Willner, Optical Fiber Communication Systems (Artech House, 1996).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  13. See http://www.ieee802.org; the IEEE 10 GbE link model.
  14. TIA-455-220A, FOTP-220, "Differential mode delay measurement of multimode fiber in the time domain" (Telecommunications Industry Association, 2003).
  15. F. J. Achten, M. Bingle, B. P. de Hon, and M. J. N. van Stralen, in Proceedings of the Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements, NIST Special Publication 998 (NIST, 2002), pp. 101-104.
  16. C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, F. M. Huijskens, and A. M. J. Koonen, in European Conference on Optical Communications (IEE, 2005), paper We4.

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2000 (1)

G. Y. Zhou, Y. Zhang, and W. Liu, Proc. IEEE 88, 856 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunngham, and M. C. Nowell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 324 (1998).

1978 (1)

Achten, F. J.

P. Matthijsse, M. P. M. Jetten, G. Krabshuis, F. J. Achten, and G. Kuyt, in Proceedings of the International Wire & Cable Symposium (WCS, 2004), pp. 501-506.

F. J. Achten, M. Bingle, B. P. de Hon, and M. J. N. van Stralen, in Proceedings of the Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements, NIST Special Publication 998 (NIST, 2002), pp. 101-104.

F. J. Achten, M. Jetten, G.-J. Krabshuis, G. Kuyt, P. Matthijsse, and M. van Stralen, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, September 5-9, 2004.

An, F.-T.

S. S.-H. Yam, F.-T. An, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2004) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FA4.

Bingle, M.

F. J. Achten, M. Bingle, B. P. de Hon, and M. J. N. van Stralen, in Proceedings of the Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements, NIST Special Publication 998 (NIST, 2002), pp. 101-104.

Cunngham, D. G.

L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunngham, and M. C. Nowell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 324 (1998).

de Hon, B. P.

F. J. Achten, M. Bingle, B. P. de Hon, and M. J. N. van Stralen, in Proceedings of the Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements, NIST Special Publication 998 (NIST, 2002), pp. 101-104.

Fukuyama, H.

T. Itoh, H. Fukuyama, S. Tsunashima, E. Yoshida, Y. Yamabayashi, M. Muraguchi, H. Toba, andH. Sugahara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2005) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OWH3.

Genedetto, S.

L. G. Kazovsky, S. Genedetto, and A. Willner, Optical Fiber Communication Systems (Artech House, 1996).

Giaretta, G.

R. Michalzik, G. Giaretta, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, and M. C. Nuss, in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2000) (VDE, 2000), Vol. 4, pp. 33-34.

Gooijer, F.

P. Matthijsse, D. Molin, F. Gooijer, and G. Kuyt, in Proceedings of the 54th International Wire & Cable Symposium (WCS, 2005).

Goossen, K. W.

R. Michalzik, G. Giaretta, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, and M. C. Nuss, in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2000) (VDE, 2000), Vol. 4, pp. 33-34.

Horowitz, M. A.

Huijskens, F. M.

C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, F. M. Huijskens, and A. M. J. Koonen, in European Conference on Optical Communications (IEE, 2005), paper We4.

Itoh, T.

T. Itoh, H. Fukuyama, S. Tsunashima, E. Yoshida, Y. Yamabayashi, M. Muraguchi, H. Toba, andH. Sugahara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2005) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OWH3.

Jetten, M.

F. J. Achten, M. Jetten, G.-J. Krabshuis, G. Kuyt, P. Matthijsse, and M. van Stralen, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, September 5-9, 2004.

Jetten, M. P. M.

P. Matthijsse, M. P. M. Jetten, G. Krabshuis, F. J. Achten, and G. Kuyt, in Proceedings of the International Wire & Cable Symposium (WCS, 2004), pp. 501-506.

Jeunhomme, L.

Kahn, J. M.

Kazovsky, L. G.

S. S.-H. Yam, F.-T. An, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2004) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FA4.

L. G. Kazovsky, S. Genedetto, and A. Willner, Optical Fiber Communication Systems (Artech House, 1996).

Koonen, A. M. J.

C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, F. M. Huijskens, and A. M. J. Koonen, in European Conference on Optical Communications (IEE, 2005), paper We4.

Krabshuis, G.

P. Matthijsse, M. P. M. Jetten, G. Krabshuis, F. J. Achten, and G. Kuyt, in Proceedings of the International Wire & Cable Symposium (WCS, 2004), pp. 501-506.

Krabshuis, G.-J.

F. J. Achten, M. Jetten, G.-J. Krabshuis, G. Kuyt, P. Matthijsse, and M. van Stralen, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, September 5-9, 2004.

Kuyt, G.

F. J. Achten, M. Jetten, G.-J. Krabshuis, G. Kuyt, P. Matthijsse, and M. van Stralen, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, September 5-9, 2004.

P. Matthijsse, M. P. M. Jetten, G. Krabshuis, F. J. Achten, and G. Kuyt, in Proceedings of the International Wire & Cable Symposium (WCS, 2004), pp. 501-506.

P. Matthijsse, D. Molin, F. Gooijer, and G. Kuyt, in Proceedings of the 54th International Wire & Cable Symposium (WCS, 2005).

Liu, W.

G. Y. Zhou, Y. Zhang, and W. Liu, Proc. IEEE 88, 856 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Marhic, M. E.

S. S.-H. Yam, F.-T. An, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2004) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FA4.

Martinez, A.

C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, F. M. Huijskens, and A. M. J. Koonen, in European Conference on Optical Communications (IEE, 2005), paper We4.

Matthijsse, P.

F. J. Achten, M. Jetten, G.-J. Krabshuis, G. Kuyt, P. Matthijsse, and M. van Stralen, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, September 5-9, 2004.

P. Matthijsse, M. P. M. Jetten, G. Krabshuis, F. J. Achten, and G. Kuyt, in Proceedings of the International Wire & Cable Symposium (WCS, 2004), pp. 501-506.

P. Matthijsse, D. Molin, F. Gooijer, and G. Kuyt, in Proceedings of the 54th International Wire & Cable Symposium (WCS, 2005).

Michalzik, R.

R. Michalzik, G. Giaretta, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, and M. C. Nuss, in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2000) (VDE, 2000), Vol. 4, pp. 33-34.

Molin, D.

P. Matthijsse, D. Molin, F. Gooijer, and G. Kuyt, in Proceedings of the 54th International Wire & Cable Symposium (WCS, 2005).

Muraguchi, M.

T. Itoh, H. Fukuyama, S. Tsunashima, E. Yoshida, Y. Yamabayashi, M. Muraguchi, H. Toba, andH. Sugahara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2005) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OWH3.

Nowell, M. C.

L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunngham, and M. C. Nowell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 324 (1998).

Nuss, M. C.

R. Michalzik, G. Giaretta, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, and M. C. Nuss, in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2000) (VDE, 2000), Vol. 4, pp. 33-34.

Parker, D.

Parker, M.

Pocholle, J. P.

Raddatz, L.

L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunngham, and M. C. Nowell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 324 (1998).

Rochat, E.

Shen, X.

Sugahara, H.

T. Itoh, H. Fukuyama, S. Tsunashima, E. Yoshida, Y. Yamabayashi, M. Muraguchi, H. Toba, andH. Sugahara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2005) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OWH3.

Toba, H.

T. Itoh, H. Fukuyama, S. Tsunashima, E. Yoshida, Y. Yamabayashi, M. Muraguchi, H. Toba, andH. Sugahara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2005) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OWH3.

Tsekrekos, C. P.

C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, F. M. Huijskens, and A. M. J. Koonen, in European Conference on Optical Communications (IEE, 2005), paper We4.

Tsunashima, S.

T. Itoh, H. Fukuyama, S. Tsunashima, E. Yoshida, Y. Yamabayashi, M. Muraguchi, H. Toba, andH. Sugahara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2005) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OWH3.

van Stralen, M.

F. J. Achten, M. Jetten, G.-J. Krabshuis, G. Kuyt, P. Matthijsse, and M. van Stralen, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, September 5-9, 2004.

van Stralen, M. J. N.

F. J. Achten, M. Bingle, B. P. de Hon, and M. J. N. van Stralen, in Proceedings of the Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements, NIST Special Publication 998 (NIST, 2002), pp. 101-104.

Walker, J. A.

R. Michalzik, G. Giaretta, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, and M. C. Nuss, in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2000) (VDE, 2000), Vol. 4, pp. 33-34.

Walker, S. D.

White, I. H.

L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunngham, and M. C. Nowell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 324 (1998).

Willner, A.

L. G. Kazovsky, S. Genedetto, and A. Willner, Optical Fiber Communication Systems (Artech House, 1996).

Yam, S. S.-H.

S. S.-H. Yam, F.-T. An, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2004) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FA4.

Yamabayashi, Y.

T. Itoh, H. Fukuyama, S. Tsunashima, E. Yoshida, Y. Yamabayashi, M. Muraguchi, H. Toba, andH. Sugahara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2005) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OWH3.

Yoshida, E.

T. Itoh, H. Fukuyama, S. Tsunashima, E. Yoshida, Y. Yamabayashi, M. Muraguchi, H. Toba, andH. Sugahara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2005) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OWH3.

Zhang, Y.

G. Y. Zhou, Y. Zhang, and W. Liu, Proc. IEEE 88, 856 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, G. Y.

G. Y. Zhou, Y. Zhang, and W. Liu, Proc. IEEE 88, 856 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunngham, and M. C. Nowell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 324 (1998).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. IEEE (1)

G. Y. Zhou, Y. Zhang, and W. Liu, Proc. IEEE 88, 856 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (11)

L. G. Kazovsky, S. Genedetto, and A. Willner, Optical Fiber Communication Systems (Artech House, 1996).

F. J. Achten, M. Jetten, G.-J. Krabshuis, G. Kuyt, P. Matthijsse, and M. van Stralen, presented at the European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, September 5-9, 2004.

S. S.-H. Yam, F.-T. An, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2004) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper FA4.

T. Itoh, H. Fukuyama, S. Tsunashima, E. Yoshida, Y. Yamabayashi, M. Muraguchi, H. Toba, andH. Sugahara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2005) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OWH3.

R. Michalzik, G. Giaretta, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, and M. C. Nuss, in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2000) (VDE, 2000), Vol. 4, pp. 33-34.

P. Matthijsse, D. Molin, F. Gooijer, and G. Kuyt, in Proceedings of the 54th International Wire & Cable Symposium (WCS, 2005).

P. Matthijsse, M. P. M. Jetten, G. Krabshuis, F. J. Achten, and G. Kuyt, in Proceedings of the International Wire & Cable Symposium (WCS, 2004), pp. 501-506.

See http://www.ieee802.org; the IEEE 10 GbE link model.

TIA-455-220A, FOTP-220, "Differential mode delay measurement of multimode fiber in the time domain" (Telecommunications Industry Association, 2003).

F. J. Achten, M. Bingle, B. P. de Hon, and M. J. N. van Stralen, in Proceedings of the Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements, NIST Special Publication 998 (NIST, 2002), pp. 101-104.

C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, F. M. Huijskens, and A. M. J. Koonen, in European Conference on Optical Communications (IEE, 2005), paper We4.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Predicted OFL modal bandwidth (BW) for a MMF optimized for 1300 nm . (b) Predicted OFL modal bandwidth MMF with a germanofluorosilicate quartz core. (c) Measured OFL modal bandwidths for the broad wavelength window fiber under test.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

DMD measurement at 1550 nm of a broad wavelength window MMF with a SM probe.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental schematic of 40 Gbit s transmission across a MMF:Tx, transmitter; PC, polarization controller; Rx, receiver circuit; BPF, bandpass filter; ATT, attenuator.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

BER measurement and eye diagram: 40 Gbits s across a 1 km MMF; RZ format.

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