Abstract

The simultaneous application of pure rotational coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS) and vibrational linear Raman spectroscopy (LRS) for the measurement of temperature and species concentrations in combustion systems is demonstrated. In addition to the standard rotational CARS experimental setup, only one detection system (spectrometer and intensified CCD camera) for the collection of the LRS signals was applied. The emission of the broadband dye laser used for CARS was shifted to the deep red to avoid interferences with the LRS signals located in the visible region. First experimental results from a vaporizing propane spray using an engine injection system are shown.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. C. Weikl, F. Beyrau, and A. Leipertz, Appl. Opt. 45, 3646 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. F. Zhao, M.-C. Lai, and D. L. Harrington, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 25, 437 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Zhao and N. Ladommatos, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 24, 297 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. Grünefeld, V. Beushausen, P. Andresen, and W. Hentschel, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 58, 333 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. C. Miles, Appl. Opt. 38, 1714 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Taschek, J. Egermann, S. Schwarz, and A. Leipertz, Appl. Opt. 44, 6606 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species, 2nd ed. (Gordon & Breach, 1996).
  8. M. Aldén, P.-E. Bengtsson, and H. Edner, Appl. Opt. 25, 4493 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. C. Eckbreth and T. J. Anderson, Opt. Lett. 11, 496 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Kojima and Q.-V. Nguyen, Appl. Opt. 41, 6360 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. Braeuer, F. Beyrau, M. C. Weikl, T. Seeger, J. Kiefer, A. Leipertz, A. Holzwarth, and A. Soika, ''Investigation of the combustion process in an auxiliary heating system using dual-pump coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering,'' J. Raman Spectrosc. (to be published).
  12. F. Beyrau, M. C. Weikl, T. Seeger, and A. Leipertz, Opt. Lett. 29, 2381 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. F. Beyrau, M. C. Weikl, I. Schmitz, T. Seeger, and A. Leipertz, Atomization Sprays 16, 319 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. National Institute of Standards and Technology, REFPROP Standard Reference Database 23, Version 7.1 (2003).
  15. F. Beyrau, A. Bräuer, T. Seeger, and A. Leipertz, Opt. Lett. 29, 247 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. F. Beyrau, T. Seeger, A. Malarski, and A. Leipertz, J. Raman Spectrosc. 34, 946 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  17. R. P. Lucht, Opt. Lett. 12, 78 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

F. Beyrau, M. C. Weikl, I. Schmitz, T. Seeger, and A. Leipertz, Atomization Sprays 16, 319 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Weikl, F. Beyrau, and A. Leipertz, Appl. Opt. 45, 3646 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

2003 (2)

National Institute of Standards and Technology, REFPROP Standard Reference Database 23, Version 7.1 (2003).

F. Beyrau, T. Seeger, A. Malarski, and A. Leipertz, J. Raman Spectrosc. 34, 946 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

1999 (2)

P. C. Miles, Appl. Opt. 38, 1714 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Zhao, M.-C. Lai, and D. L. Harrington, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 25, 437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

H. Zhao and N. Ladommatos, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 24, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species, 2nd ed. (Gordon & Breach, 1996).

1994 (1)

G. Grünefeld, V. Beushausen, P. Andresen, and W. Hentschel, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 58, 333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1986 (2)

Aldén, M.

Anderson, T. J.

Andresen, P.

G. Grünefeld, V. Beushausen, P. Andresen, and W. Hentschel, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 58, 333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bengtsson, P.-E.

Beushausen, V.

G. Grünefeld, V. Beushausen, P. Andresen, and W. Hentschel, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 58, 333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Beyrau, F.

M. C. Weikl, F. Beyrau, and A. Leipertz, Appl. Opt. 45, 3646 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Beyrau, M. C. Weikl, I. Schmitz, T. Seeger, and A. Leipertz, Atomization Sprays 16, 319 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Beyrau, A. Bräuer, T. Seeger, and A. Leipertz, Opt. Lett. 29, 247 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Beyrau, M. C. Weikl, T. Seeger, and A. Leipertz, Opt. Lett. 29, 2381 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Beyrau, T. Seeger, A. Malarski, and A. Leipertz, J. Raman Spectrosc. 34, 946 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Braeuer, F. Beyrau, M. C. Weikl, T. Seeger, J. Kiefer, A. Leipertz, A. Holzwarth, and A. Soika, ''Investigation of the combustion process in an auxiliary heating system using dual-pump coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering,'' J. Raman Spectrosc. (to be published).

Braeuer, A.

A. Braeuer, F. Beyrau, M. C. Weikl, T. Seeger, J. Kiefer, A. Leipertz, A. Holzwarth, and A. Soika, ''Investigation of the combustion process in an auxiliary heating system using dual-pump coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering,'' J. Raman Spectrosc. (to be published).

Bräuer, A.

Eckbreth, A. C.

A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species, 2nd ed. (Gordon & Breach, 1996).

A. C. Eckbreth and T. J. Anderson, Opt. Lett. 11, 496 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Edner, H.

Egermann, J.

Grünefeld, G.

G. Grünefeld, V. Beushausen, P. Andresen, and W. Hentschel, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 58, 333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Harrington, D. L.

F. Zhao, M.-C. Lai, and D. L. Harrington, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 25, 437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, W.

G. Grünefeld, V. Beushausen, P. Andresen, and W. Hentschel, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 58, 333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Holzwarth, A.

A. Braeuer, F. Beyrau, M. C. Weikl, T. Seeger, J. Kiefer, A. Leipertz, A. Holzwarth, and A. Soika, ''Investigation of the combustion process in an auxiliary heating system using dual-pump coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering,'' J. Raman Spectrosc. (to be published).

Kiefer, J.

A. Braeuer, F. Beyrau, M. C. Weikl, T. Seeger, J. Kiefer, A. Leipertz, A. Holzwarth, and A. Soika, ''Investigation of the combustion process in an auxiliary heating system using dual-pump coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering,'' J. Raman Spectrosc. (to be published).

Kojima, J.

Ladommatos, N.

H. Zhao and N. Ladommatos, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 24, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lai, M.-C.

F. Zhao, M.-C. Lai, and D. L. Harrington, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 25, 437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Leipertz, A.

M. C. Weikl, F. Beyrau, and A. Leipertz, Appl. Opt. 45, 3646 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Beyrau, M. C. Weikl, I. Schmitz, T. Seeger, and A. Leipertz, Atomization Sprays 16, 319 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Taschek, J. Egermann, S. Schwarz, and A. Leipertz, Appl. Opt. 44, 6606 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Beyrau, A. Bräuer, T. Seeger, and A. Leipertz, Opt. Lett. 29, 247 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Beyrau, M. C. Weikl, T. Seeger, and A. Leipertz, Opt. Lett. 29, 2381 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Beyrau, T. Seeger, A. Malarski, and A. Leipertz, J. Raman Spectrosc. 34, 946 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Braeuer, F. Beyrau, M. C. Weikl, T. Seeger, J. Kiefer, A. Leipertz, A. Holzwarth, and A. Soika, ''Investigation of the combustion process in an auxiliary heating system using dual-pump coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering,'' J. Raman Spectrosc. (to be published).

Lucht, R. P.

Malarski, A.

F. Beyrau, T. Seeger, A. Malarski, and A. Leipertz, J. Raman Spectrosc. 34, 946 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Miles, P. C.

Nguyen, Q.-V.

Schmitz, I.

F. Beyrau, M. C. Weikl, I. Schmitz, T. Seeger, and A. Leipertz, Atomization Sprays 16, 319 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schwarz, S.

Seeger, T.

F. Beyrau, M. C. Weikl, I. Schmitz, T. Seeger, and A. Leipertz, Atomization Sprays 16, 319 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Beyrau, M. C. Weikl, T. Seeger, and A. Leipertz, Opt. Lett. 29, 2381 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Beyrau, A. Bräuer, T. Seeger, and A. Leipertz, Opt. Lett. 29, 247 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Beyrau, T. Seeger, A. Malarski, and A. Leipertz, J. Raman Spectrosc. 34, 946 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Braeuer, F. Beyrau, M. C. Weikl, T. Seeger, J. Kiefer, A. Leipertz, A. Holzwarth, and A. Soika, ''Investigation of the combustion process in an auxiliary heating system using dual-pump coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering,'' J. Raman Spectrosc. (to be published).

Soika, A.

A. Braeuer, F. Beyrau, M. C. Weikl, T. Seeger, J. Kiefer, A. Leipertz, A. Holzwarth, and A. Soika, ''Investigation of the combustion process in an auxiliary heating system using dual-pump coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering,'' J. Raman Spectrosc. (to be published).

Taschek, M.

Weikl, M. C.

M. C. Weikl, F. Beyrau, and A. Leipertz, Appl. Opt. 45, 3646 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Beyrau, M. C. Weikl, I. Schmitz, T. Seeger, and A. Leipertz, Atomization Sprays 16, 319 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Beyrau, M. C. Weikl, T. Seeger, and A. Leipertz, Opt. Lett. 29, 2381 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Braeuer, F. Beyrau, M. C. Weikl, T. Seeger, J. Kiefer, A. Leipertz, A. Holzwarth, and A. Soika, ''Investigation of the combustion process in an auxiliary heating system using dual-pump coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering,'' J. Raman Spectrosc. (to be published).

Zhao, F.

F. Zhao, M.-C. Lai, and D. L. Harrington, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 25, 437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, H.

H. Zhao and N. Ladommatos, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 24, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (5)

Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. (1)

G. Grünefeld, V. Beushausen, P. Andresen, and W. Hentschel, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 58, 333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Atomization Sprays (1)

F. Beyrau, M. C. Weikl, I. Schmitz, T. Seeger, and A. Leipertz, Atomization Sprays 16, 319 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Raman Spectrosc. (2)

F. Beyrau, T. Seeger, A. Malarski, and A. Leipertz, J. Raman Spectrosc. 34, 946 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Braeuer, F. Beyrau, M. C. Weikl, T. Seeger, J. Kiefer, A. Leipertz, A. Holzwarth, and A. Soika, ''Investigation of the combustion process in an auxiliary heating system using dual-pump coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering,'' J. Raman Spectrosc. (to be published).

Opt. Lett. (4)

Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. (2)

F. Zhao, M.-C. Lai, and D. L. Harrington, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 25, 437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhao and N. Ladommatos, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 24, 297 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species, 2nd ed. (Gordon & Breach, 1996).

National Institute of Standards and Technology, REFPROP Standard Reference Database 23, Version 7.1 (2003).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup: BS, beam splitter; T, telescope; λ 2 , half-wave plate; GP, Glan–Taylor prism; DC, dichroic mirror; DP, Dove prism; LP, long pass filter; SP, short pass filter; BD, beam dump.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Assembled spectrum; the detected regions from the LRS spectrometer and the CARS spectrometer are indicated as Sp. 1 and Sp. 2, respectively. Additionally shown are the laser emissions and the coherent Stokes Raman signals (CSRS) and Raman signals from C 3 H 8 that were not detected during the measurements.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Temperatures (black diamonds) and propane mole fractions (gray squares) during the injection of gaseous propane with an injection pressure of 1.3 MPa ( T chamber = 345 K ) .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Temperatures (black diamonds) and propane mole fractions (gray squares) during the injection of liquid propane with an injection pressure of 2.0 MPa ( T chamber = 345 K ) .

Metrics