Abstract

We apply a novel phase-amplitude characterization method to a one-section quantum dash–based passively mode-locked laser at a 42.2GHz repetition rate. The method relies on the measurement of the spectral phase of the longitudinal modes by the successive analysis of the correlation signal of a group of three adjacent modes. It provides both the temporal shape of the intensity and the phase of the emitted signal. A pulse of 1.5ps of width is measured, and a pedestal is exhibited. Extinction ratio limitation is explained by investigating the origin of this pedestal. The accuracy of the method is estimated by comparing the measured autocorrelation signal and the calculated one from the phase analysis.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Kuntz, G. Fiol, M. Lämmlin, D. Bimberg, M. G. Thompson, K. T. Tan, C. Marinelli, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, V. M. Ustinov, A. E. Zhukov, Y. M. Shemyakov, and A. R. Kovsh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 843 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 1007 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Martinez, C. Gosset, K. Merghem, F. Lelarge, J. Landreau, G. Aubin, and A. Ramdane, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical CommunicationIEE, 2005), paper Tu1.5.4.
  4. C. Gosset, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, G. Moreau, G. Patriarche, G. Aubin, J. Landreau, F. Lelarge, and A. Ramdane, Electron. Lett. 42, 91 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Dorrer and I. Kang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 858 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. Gosset, J. Renaudier, G.-H. Duan, G. Aubin, and J.-L. Oudar, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 970 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Bachert, P. G. Eliseev, M. A. Manko, V. P. Strahov, S. Raab, and C. M. Thay, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 507 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, B. Dagens, F. Poingt, F. Pommereau, and A. Accard, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1369 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2006

C. Gosset, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, G. Moreau, G. Patriarche, G. Aubin, J. Landreau, F. Lelarge, and A. Ramdane, Electron. Lett. 42, 91 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Gosset, J. Renaudier, G.-H. Duan, G. Aubin, and J.-L. Oudar, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 970 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, B. Dagens, F. Poingt, F. Pommereau, and A. Accard, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1369 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 1007 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Martinez, C. Gosset, K. Merghem, F. Lelarge, J. Landreau, G. Aubin, and A. Ramdane, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical CommunicationIEE, 2005), paper Tu1.5.4.

2004

C. Dorrer and I. Kang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 858 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Kuntz, G. Fiol, M. Lämmlin, D. Bimberg, M. G. Thompson, K. T. Tan, C. Marinelli, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, V. M. Ustinov, A. E. Zhukov, Y. M. Shemyakov, and A. R. Kovsh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 843 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1975

H. Bachert, P. G. Eliseev, M. A. Manko, V. P. Strahov, S. Raab, and C. M. Thay, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 507 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Accard, A.

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 1007 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, B. Dagens, F. Poingt, F. Pommereau, and A. Accard, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1369 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Aubin, G.

C. Gosset, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, G. Moreau, G. Patriarche, G. Aubin, J. Landreau, F. Lelarge, and A. Ramdane, Electron. Lett. 42, 91 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Gosset, J. Renaudier, G.-H. Duan, G. Aubin, and J.-L. Oudar, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 970 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Martinez, C. Gosset, K. Merghem, F. Lelarge, J. Landreau, G. Aubin, and A. Ramdane, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical CommunicationIEE, 2005), paper Tu1.5.4.

Bachert, H.

H. Bachert, P. G. Eliseev, M. A. Manko, V. P. Strahov, S. Raab, and C. M. Thay, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 507 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Bimberg, D.

M. Kuntz, G. Fiol, M. Lämmlin, D. Bimberg, M. G. Thompson, K. T. Tan, C. Marinelli, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, V. M. Ustinov, A. E. Zhukov, Y. M. Shemyakov, and A. R. Kovsh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 843 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brenot, R.

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 1007 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dagens, B.

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 1007 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, B. Dagens, F. Poingt, F. Pommereau, and A. Accard, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1369 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dorrer, C.

C. Dorrer and I. Kang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 858 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Duan, G.-H.

C. Gosset, J. Renaudier, G.-H. Duan, G. Aubin, and J.-L. Oudar, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 970 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 1007 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Eliseev, P. G.

H. Bachert, P. G. Eliseev, M. A. Manko, V. P. Strahov, S. Raab, and C. M. Thay, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 507 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Fiol, G.

M. Kuntz, G. Fiol, M. Lämmlin, D. Bimberg, M. G. Thompson, K. T. Tan, C. Marinelli, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, V. M. Ustinov, A. E. Zhukov, Y. M. Shemyakov, and A. R. Kovsh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 843 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gallion, P.

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 1007 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gosset, C.

C. Gosset, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, G. Moreau, G. Patriarche, G. Aubin, J. Landreau, F. Lelarge, and A. Ramdane, Electron. Lett. 42, 91 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Gosset, J. Renaudier, G.-H. Duan, G. Aubin, and J.-L. Oudar, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 970 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Martinez, C. Gosset, K. Merghem, F. Lelarge, J. Landreau, G. Aubin, and A. Ramdane, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical CommunicationIEE, 2005), paper Tu1.5.4.

Kang, I.

C. Dorrer and I. Kang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 858 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kovsh, A. R.

M. Kuntz, G. Fiol, M. Lämmlin, D. Bimberg, M. G. Thompson, K. T. Tan, C. Marinelli, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, V. M. Ustinov, A. E. Zhukov, Y. M. Shemyakov, and A. R. Kovsh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 843 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kuntz, M.

M. Kuntz, G. Fiol, M. Lämmlin, D. Bimberg, M. G. Thompson, K. T. Tan, C. Marinelli, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, V. M. Ustinov, A. E. Zhukov, Y. M. Shemyakov, and A. R. Kovsh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 843 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lämmlin, M.

M. Kuntz, G. Fiol, M. Lämmlin, D. Bimberg, M. G. Thompson, K. T. Tan, C. Marinelli, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, V. M. Ustinov, A. E. Zhukov, Y. M. Shemyakov, and A. R. Kovsh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 843 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Landreau, J.

C. Gosset, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, G. Moreau, G. Patriarche, G. Aubin, J. Landreau, F. Lelarge, and A. Ramdane, Electron. Lett. 42, 91 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Martinez, C. Gosset, K. Merghem, F. Lelarge, J. Landreau, G. Aubin, and A. Ramdane, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical CommunicationIEE, 2005), paper Tu1.5.4.

Legouezigou, O.

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 1007 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lelarge, F.

C. Gosset, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, G. Moreau, G. Patriarche, G. Aubin, J. Landreau, F. Lelarge, and A. Ramdane, Electron. Lett. 42, 91 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, B. Dagens, F. Poingt, F. Pommereau, and A. Accard, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1369 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Martinez, C. Gosset, K. Merghem, F. Lelarge, J. Landreau, G. Aubin, and A. Ramdane, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical CommunicationIEE, 2005), paper Tu1.5.4.

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 1007 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Manko, M. A.

H. Bachert, P. G. Eliseev, M. A. Manko, V. P. Strahov, S. Raab, and C. M. Thay, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 507 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Marinelli, C.

M. Kuntz, G. Fiol, M. Lämmlin, D. Bimberg, M. G. Thompson, K. T. Tan, C. Marinelli, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, V. M. Ustinov, A. E. Zhukov, Y. M. Shemyakov, and A. R. Kovsh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 843 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, A.

C. Gosset, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, G. Moreau, G. Patriarche, G. Aubin, J. Landreau, F. Lelarge, and A. Ramdane, Electron. Lett. 42, 91 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Martinez, C. Gosset, K. Merghem, F. Lelarge, J. Landreau, G. Aubin, and A. Ramdane, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical CommunicationIEE, 2005), paper Tu1.5.4.

Merghem, K.

C. Gosset, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, G. Moreau, G. Patriarche, G. Aubin, J. Landreau, F. Lelarge, and A. Ramdane, Electron. Lett. 42, 91 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Martinez, C. Gosset, K. Merghem, F. Lelarge, J. Landreau, G. Aubin, and A. Ramdane, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical CommunicationIEE, 2005), paper Tu1.5.4.

Moreau, G.

C. Gosset, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, G. Moreau, G. Patriarche, G. Aubin, J. Landreau, F. Lelarge, and A. Ramdane, Electron. Lett. 42, 91 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Oudar, J.-L.

Patriarche, G.

C. Gosset, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, G. Moreau, G. Patriarche, G. Aubin, J. Landreau, F. Lelarge, and A. Ramdane, Electron. Lett. 42, 91 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Penty, R. V.

M. Kuntz, G. Fiol, M. Lämmlin, D. Bimberg, M. G. Thompson, K. T. Tan, C. Marinelli, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, V. M. Ustinov, A. E. Zhukov, Y. M. Shemyakov, and A. R. Kovsh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 843 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Poingt, F.

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 1007 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, B. Dagens, F. Poingt, F. Pommereau, and A. Accard, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1369 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pommereau, F.

F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, B. Dagens, F. Poingt, F. Pommereau, and A. Accard, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1369 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 1007 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Raab, S.

H. Bachert, P. G. Eliseev, M. A. Manko, V. P. Strahov, S. Raab, and C. M. Thay, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 507 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Ramdane, A.

C. Gosset, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, G. Moreau, G. Patriarche, G. Aubin, J. Landreau, F. Lelarge, and A. Ramdane, Electron. Lett. 42, 91 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Martinez, C. Gosset, K. Merghem, F. Lelarge, J. Landreau, G. Aubin, and A. Ramdane, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical CommunicationIEE, 2005), paper Tu1.5.4.

Renaudier, J.

C. Gosset, J. Renaudier, G.-H. Duan, G. Aubin, and J.-L. Oudar, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 970 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 1007 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rousseau, B.

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 1007 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, B. Dagens, F. Poingt, F. Pommereau, and A. Accard, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1369 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shemyakov, Y. M.

M. Kuntz, G. Fiol, M. Lämmlin, D. Bimberg, M. G. Thompson, K. T. Tan, C. Marinelli, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, V. M. Ustinov, A. E. Zhukov, Y. M. Shemyakov, and A. R. Kovsh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 843 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Strahov, V. P.

H. Bachert, P. G. Eliseev, M. A. Manko, V. P. Strahov, S. Raab, and C. M. Thay, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 507 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Tan, K. T.

M. Kuntz, G. Fiol, M. Lämmlin, D. Bimberg, M. G. Thompson, K. T. Tan, C. Marinelli, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, V. M. Ustinov, A. E. Zhukov, Y. M. Shemyakov, and A. R. Kovsh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 843 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Thay, C. M.

H. Bachert, P. G. Eliseev, M. A. Manko, V. P. Strahov, S. Raab, and C. M. Thay, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 507 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, M. G.

M. Kuntz, G. Fiol, M. Lämmlin, D. Bimberg, M. G. Thompson, K. T. Tan, C. Marinelli, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, V. M. Ustinov, A. E. Zhukov, Y. M. Shemyakov, and A. R. Kovsh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 843 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ustinov, V. M.

M. Kuntz, G. Fiol, M. Lämmlin, D. Bimberg, M. G. Thompson, K. T. Tan, C. Marinelli, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, V. M. Ustinov, A. E. Zhukov, Y. M. Shemyakov, and A. R. Kovsh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 843 (2004).
[CrossRef]

White, I. H.

M. Kuntz, G. Fiol, M. Lämmlin, D. Bimberg, M. G. Thompson, K. T. Tan, C. Marinelli, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, V. M. Ustinov, A. E. Zhukov, Y. M. Shemyakov, and A. R. Kovsh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 843 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhukov, A. E.

M. Kuntz, G. Fiol, M. Lämmlin, D. Bimberg, M. G. Thompson, K. T. Tan, C. Marinelli, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, V. M. Ustinov, A. E. Zhukov, Y. M. Shemyakov, and A. R. Kovsh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 843 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Kuntz, G. Fiol, M. Lämmlin, D. Bimberg, M. G. Thompson, K. T. Tan, C. Marinelli, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, V. M. Ustinov, A. E. Zhukov, Y. M. Shemyakov, and A. R. Kovsh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 843 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 1007 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Gosset, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, G. Moreau, G. Patriarche, G. Aubin, J. Landreau, F. Lelarge, and A. Ramdane, Electron. Lett. 42, 91 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

H. Bachert, P. G. Eliseev, M. A. Manko, V. P. Strahov, S. Raab, and C. M. Thay, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 507 (1975).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, B. Dagens, F. Poingt, F. Pommereau, and A. Accard, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1369 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Dorrer and I. Kang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 858 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Other

A. Martinez, C. Gosset, K. Merghem, F. Lelarge, J. Landreau, G. Aubin, and A. Ramdane, in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical CommunicationIEE, 2005), paper Tu1.5.4.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical spectrum, linear unit.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Autocorrelation signal of an isolated pulse.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral phase of the longitudinal modes.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Reconstructed intensity pulse profile.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I ( τ ) = a 0 + a 1 cos ( Ω τ ) + a 2 cos ( 2 Ω τ ) ,
a 1 = 1 2 ( P 21 2 + P 32 2 + 2 P 21 P 32 cos ψ 0 ) ,
Δ ψ ( L ) = 2 π Δ λ T period D L ,
E ( t ) = m = 1 N P m exp { i [ ( m 1 ) Ω t + j = 1 m 1 k = 1 j 1 ψ 0 k ] } exp ( i ω 0 t ) + c.c. ,
φ m = j = 1 m 1 k = 1 j 1 ψ 0 k .

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