Abstract

We report on the operation of a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser made of purely normal dispersive fibers. Self-started mode locking can still be achieved in the laser by use of the nonlinear polarization rotation technique, and the mode-locked pulse has large pulse energy, strong frequency chirp, and a mode-locked spectral width limited by the effective laser gain bandwidth. Furthermore, we show that the operation of the laser can be well described by an extended Ginzburg–Landau equation model that governs the soliton dynamics of fiber lasers.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. J. Matsas, D. J. Richardson, T. P. Newson, and D. N. Payne, Opt. Lett. 18, 358 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (4)

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Buckley, F. W. Wise, F. Ö. Ilday, and T. Sosnowski, Opt. Lett. 30, 1888 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, P. Dombi, F. Krauszand, and A. Apolonski, New J. Phys. 7, 216 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and B. Zhao, Opt. Express 13, 2289 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, Phys. Rev. A 67, 013802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

1994 (1)

H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and K. Tamura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 200 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

1992 (1)

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 67 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

Adel, P.

Apolonski, A.

S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, P. Dombi, F. Krauszand, and A. Apolonski, New J. Phys. 7, 216 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bélanger, P. A.

Buckley, J. R.

J. R. Buckley, F. W. Wise, F. Ö. Ilday, and T. Sosnowski, Opt. Lett. 30, 1888 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clark, W. G.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dombi, P.

S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, P. Dombi, F. Krauszand, and A. Apolonski, New J. Phys. 7, 216 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fallnich, C.

Fernandez, A.

S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, P. Dombi, F. Krauszand, and A. Apolonski, New J. Phys. 7, 216 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gagnon, L.

Graf, R.

S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, P. Dombi, F. Krauszand, and A. Apolonski, New J. Phys. 7, 216 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Grudinin, A. B.

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 67 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and K. Tamura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 200 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 18, 1080 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ilday, F. Ö.

J. R. Buckley, F. W. Wise, F. Ö. Ilday, and T. Sosnowski, Opt. Lett. 30, 1888 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ippen, E. P.

H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and K. Tamura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 200 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 18, 1080 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krauszand, F.

S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, P. Dombi, F. Krauszand, and A. Apolonski, New J. Phys. 7, 216 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Leblond, H.

M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, Phys. Rev. A 67, 013802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, A. Q.

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Matsas, V. J.

Naumov, S.

S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, P. Dombi, F. Krauszand, and A. Apolonski, New J. Phys. 7, 216 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L. E.

Newson, T. P.

Paré, C.

Payne, D. N.

V. J. Matsas, D. J. Richardson, T. P. Newson, and D. N. Payne, Opt. Lett. 18, 358 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 67 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

V. J. Matsas, D. J. Richardson, T. P. Newson, and D. N. Payne, Opt. Lett. 18, 358 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 67 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Salhi, M.

M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, Phys. Rev. A 67, 013802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez, F.

M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, Phys. Rev. A 67, 013802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sosnowski, T.

Tamura, K.

H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and K. Tamura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 200 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 18, 1080 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tang, D. Y.

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and B. Zhao, Opt. Express 13, 2289 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wise, F. W.

J. R. Buckley, F. W. Wise, F. Ö. Ilday, and T. Sosnowski, Opt. Lett. 30, 1888 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, B.

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and B. Zhao, Opt. Express 13, 2289 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, L. M.

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and B. Zhao, Opt. Express 13, 2289 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 28, 67 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and K. Tamura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 200 (1994).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, P. Dombi, F. Krauszand, and A. Apolonski, New J. Phys. 7, 216 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, Phys. Rev. A 67, 013802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the fiber laser: PI, polarization-dependent isolator; λ 4 ’s, quarter-wave plates; λ 2 , half-wave plate.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Typical optical spectrum and (b) corresponding autocorrelation trace of the mode-locked pulses. Pump power, P = 600 mW .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Variation of the optical spectrum with pump power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Mode-locked pulse evolution in a cavity and (b) corresponding optical spectrum numerically calculated. Gain coefficient, G = 1900 ; linear cavity phase delay bias, δ Φ 1 = 1.55 π .

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