Abstract

We have experimentally verified a new idea for 40Gbits wavelength conversion within the 1.5μm band based on sum-frequency generation (SFG) in a periodically poled LiNbO3 waveguide. The spectrum and the temporal waveform of the output pump reveal that the input cw pump is converted to an optical pulse during SFG. Not only wavelength conversion but also a logic NOT gate at 40Gbits are experimentally observed.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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2005 (2)

2004 (3)

2003 (3)

R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, G. D. Maxwell, and A. J. Poustie, Electron. Lett. 39, 79 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Q. Xu, J. Bracken, and B. Chen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 2142 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Q. Sun, W. Liu, J. Tian, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1743 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

M. Saruwatari, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1363 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Stubkjaer, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1428 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall'Ara, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

C. Q. Xu, K. Shinozaki, H. Okayama, and T. Kamijoh, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 1055 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

S. J. B. Yoo, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 955 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Arbore, M. A.

Avramopoulos, H.

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall'Ara, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bintjas, C.

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall'Ara, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bracken, J.

Brener, I.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chaban, E. E.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B.

Chou, M. H.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Chou, J. Hauden, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 23, 1004 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Christman, S. B.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dall'Ara, R.

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall'Ara, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

J. Q. Sun, W. Liu, J. Tian, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1743 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Chou, J. Hauden, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 23, 1004 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Guekos, G.

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall'Ara, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hansmann, S.

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall'Ara, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hauden, J.

Huang, D.

Kalyvas, M.

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall'Ara, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kamijoh, T.

C. Q. Xu, K. Shinozaki, H. Okayama, and T. Kamijoh, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 1055 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kurz, J. R.

J. Q. Sun, W. Liu, J. Tian, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1743 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, D.

Liu, H.

Liu, W.

J. Q. Sun, W. Liu, J. Tian, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1743 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Luo, C. H.

Manning, R. J.

R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, G. D. Maxwell, and A. J. Poustie, Electron. Lett. 39, 79 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Maxwell, G. D.

R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, G. D. Maxwell, and A. J. Poustie, Electron. Lett. 39, 79 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Occhi, L.

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall'Ara, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Okayama, H.

C. Q. Xu, K. Shinozaki, H. Okayama, and T. Kamijoh, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 1055 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Poustie, A. J.

R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, G. D. Maxwell, and A. J. Poustie, Electron. Lett. 39, 79 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Saruwatari, M.

M. Saruwatari, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1363 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schares, L.

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall'Ara, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shinozaki, K.

C. Q. Xu, K. Shinozaki, H. Okayama, and T. Kamijoh, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 1055 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Stathopoulos, T.

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall'Ara, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stubkjaer, K. E.

K. E. Stubkjaer, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1428 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sun, J.

Sun, J. Q.

J. Wang, J. Q. Sun, C. H. Luo, and Q. Z. Sun, Opt. Express 13, 7405 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Q. Sun, W. Liu, J. Tian, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1743 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Q. Z.

Theophilopoulos, G.

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall'Ara, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tian, J.

J. Q. Sun, W. Liu, J. Tian, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1743 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Wang, Y.

Webb, R. P.

R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, G. D. Maxwell, and A. J. Poustie, Electron. Lett. 39, 79 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C. Q.

B. Chen and C. Q. Xu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 256 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Q. Xu and B. Chen, Opt. Lett. 29, 292 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Q. Xu, J. Bracken, and B. Chen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 2142 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Q. Xu, K. Shinozaki, H. Okayama, and T. Kamijoh, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 1055 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, S. J. B.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 955 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Zhao, C.

Electron. Lett. (1)

R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, G. D. Maxwell, and A. J. Poustie, Electron. Lett. 39, 79 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

B. Chen and C. Q. Xu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 256 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

K. E. Stubkjaer, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1428 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Saruwatari, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1363 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Q. Sun, W. Liu, J. Tian, J. R. Kurz, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1743 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall'Ara, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

C. Q. Xu, K. Shinozaki, H. Okayama, and T. Kamijoh, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 1055 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

S. J. B. Yoo, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 955 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for SFG-based 40 Gbit s wavelength conversion within the 1.5 μ m band and logic NOT gate. PC, polarization controller; ATT, attenuator; TF, tunable filter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Measured optical spectrum at the output of the PPLN waveguide, (b) spectrum of the input signal, (c) spectrum of the input cw pump, (d) waveform of the input cw pump, (e) spectrum of the output pump.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured optical spectra of the output pump and the input signal with different bit streams.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Waveforms for output pump and input signal with bit streams of 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 at different bit rates: R1–R3, output pump with a bit stream of 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1; C1–C3, input signal. R1, C1, 10 Gbit s ; R2, C2, 20 Gbit s ; R3, C3, 40 Gbit s .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Waveforms for output pump (R4–R7) and input signal (C4–C7) at 40 Gbit s with bit streams 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0, 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0, 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 , and 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1, respectively. R4, 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1; R5, 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1; R6, 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1; R7, 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Waveforms for output pump R8 and input signal C8 with a 2 15 1 , 10 Gbit s pseudorandom bit sequence.

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