Abstract

The concept of temporal superresolution is applied to optical few-cycle laser pulses for the first time to our knowledge. Pulse durations of as little as to 3.7fs, well below the Fourier limit, are achieved by pulse shaping of an octave-spanning Ti:sapphire oscillator spectrum. Our prism-based pulse shaper also enables us to generate a manifold of well-controlled pulse sequences that are important for coherent control applications on a femtosecond time scale.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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2005 (2)

T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, R. Ell, K. X. Kärtner, and U. Morgner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1552 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. Boyko, C. Valentin, G. Rey, L. Antonucci, P. Balcou, and S. Coudreau, Opt. Express 13, 8222 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

2001 (1)

2000 (4)

H. Rabitz, R. de Vivie-Riedle, M. Motzkus, and K. Kompa, Science 288, 824 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1930 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Zeidler, T. Hornung, D. Proch, and M. Motzkus, Appl. Phys. B 70, S125 (2000).

L. Xu, N. Nakagawa, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 893 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

C. Iaconis and I. Walmsley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

1997 (1)

1995 (1)

1993 (1)

W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, Science 259, 1581 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Angelow, G.

Antonucci, L.

Balcou, P.

Binhammer, T.

T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, R. Ell, K. X. Kärtner, and U. Morgner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1552 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Boiko, A.

Boyko, O.

Coudreau, S.

Dahleh, M.

W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, Science 259, 1581 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Vivie-Riedle, R.

H. Rabitz, R. de Vivie-Riedle, M. Motzkus, and K. Kompa, Science 288, 824 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Efimov, A.

Ell, R.

Flannery, B.

W. Press, S. Teukolsky, W. Vetterling, and B. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C (Cambridge U. Press, 1992).

Fujimoto, J.

Hornung, T.

D. Zeidler, T. Hornung, D. Proch, and M. Motzkus, Appl. Phys. B 70, S125 (2000).

Iaconis, C.

C. Iaconis and I. Walmsley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E.

Kärtner, F.

Kärtner, K. X.

T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, R. Ell, K. X. Kärtner, and U. Morgner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1552 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kompa, K.

H. Rabitz, R. de Vivie-Riedle, M. Motzkus, and K. Kompa, Science 288, 824 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lederer, M.

Luther-Davies, B.

Meshulach, D.

Morgner, U.

Morita, R.

K. Yamane, Z. G. Zhang, K. Oka, R. Morita, M. Yamashita, and A. Suguro, Opt. Lett. 28, 2258 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Xu, N. Nakagawa, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 893 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Morris, G. M.

Motzkus, M.

D. Zeidler, T. Hornung, D. Proch, and M. Motzkus, Appl. Phys. B 70, S125 (2000).

H. Rabitz, R. de Vivie-Riedle, M. Motzkus, and K. Kompa, Science 288, 824 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakagawa, N.

L. Xu, N. Nakagawa, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 893 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Oka, K.

Press, W.

W. Press, S. Teukolsky, W. Vetterling, and B. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C (Cambridge U. Press, 1992).

Proch, D.

D. Zeidler, T. Hornung, D. Proch, and M. Motzkus, Appl. Phys. B 70, S125 (2000).

Rabitz, H.

H. Rabitz, R. de Vivie-Riedle, M. Motzkus, and K. Kompa, Science 288, 824 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, Science 259, 1581 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reitze, D.

Rey, G.

Rittweger, E.

T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, R. Ell, K. X. Kärtner, and U. Morgner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1552 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sales, R. T. M.

Schaffer, C.

Scheuer, V.

Shigekawa, H.

L. Xu, N. Nakagawa, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 893 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

Suguro, A.

Teukolsky, S.

W. Press, S. Teukolsky, W. Vetterling, and B. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C (Cambridge U. Press, 1992).

Tschudi, T.

Valentin, C.

Vetterling, W.

W. Press, S. Teukolsky, W. Vetterling, and B. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C (Cambridge U. Press, 1992).

Walmsley, I.

C. Iaconis and I. Walmsley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Warren, W. S.

W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, Science 259, 1581 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weiner, A.

A. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1930 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Xu, L.

L. Xu, N. Nakagawa, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 893 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yamane, K.

Yamashita, M.

K. Yamane, Z. G. Zhang, K. Oka, R. Morita, M. Yamashita, and A. Suguro, Opt. Lett. 28, 2258 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Xu, N. Nakagawa, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 893 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yelin, D.

Zeidler, D.

D. Zeidler, T. Hornung, D. Proch, and M. Motzkus, Appl. Phys. B 70, S125 (2000).

Zhang, Z. G.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. Zeidler, T. Hornung, D. Proch, and M. Motzkus, Appl. Phys. B 70, S125 (2000).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

L. Xu, N. Nakagawa, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 893 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Iaconis and I. Walmsley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Binhammer, E. Rittweger, R. Ell, K. X. Kärtner, and U. Morgner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1552 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nature (1)

D. Meshulach and Y. Silberberg, Nature 396, 239 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

A. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1930 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, Science 259, 1581 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Rabitz, R. de Vivie-Riedle, M. Motzkus, and K. Kompa, Science 288, 824 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

W. Press, S. Teukolsky, W. Vetterling, and B. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C (Cambridge U. Press, 1992).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic setup of the prism-based pulse shaper. The input beam is angularly dispersed by an SF 59 prism and made parallel by a parabolic mirror, which is placed at a distance f = 660 mm .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Typical laser spectrum (solid curve) and spectral phase (dashed curve) before an additional phase pattern is applied.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured temporal pulse profiles (solid curves) in comparison with calculated pulses (dashed curves) for (a) a two-color double pulse with 40 fs separation and (b) two sub 5 fs pulses also separated by 40 fs . The corresponding measured (solid curves) and theoretical (dashed curves) spectral group delays are displayed in (c) and (d), respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Temporal pulse profile. Pulse intensity profile after a Gaussian phase is applied with A = 13.5 , ω 0 = 2 π 375 THz , and τ G = 7 fs . The measured pulse (solid curve) has a duration (FWHM) of 3.7 fs ; the calculated pulse (dashed curve) is 3.6 fs .

Equations (1)

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ϕ G ( ω ) = A exp [ ( ω ω 0 ) 2 τ G 2 ]

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