Abstract

We report n2 measurements of selected chalcogenide glasses using a modified Z-scan technique. Measurements were made with picosecond pulses emitted by a 10Hz Q-switched, mode-locked Nd:YAG laser at 1064nm under conditions suitable to characterize ultrafast nonlinearities. The nonlinear index increases significantly up to 246 times the n2 for fused silica with an increase of SbS3 units and also very slightly with the replacement of Ge by Ga or S by Se. We have attributed the variation of n2 to the total number of electronic lone pairs and to the position of the absorption band gap, which are induced by the presence of GaS4 units or Se―Se bonds in the glass structure.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. Meneghini and A. Villeneuve, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2946 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Znobrik, J. Stetzif, I. Kavich, V. Osipenko, I. Zachko, N. Balota, and O. Jakivchuk, Ukr. J. Phys. Ukr. Phys. J. 26, 212 (1981).
  3. T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, and A. Villeneuve, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256 & 257, 353 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. M. Harbold, F. O. Ilday, and F. W. Wise, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 822 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. Petit, N. Carlie, K. C. Richardson, M. Couzi, F. Adamietz, and V. Rodriguez, 'Correlation between physical, optical and structural properties of sulfide glasses in the system GeSbS,' Mater. Chem. Phys. (to be published).
  6. L. Petit, N. Carlie, K. Richardson, Y. Guo, A. Schulte, B. Campbell, B. Ferreira, and S. Martin, 'Effect of the substitution of S for Se on the structure of the glasses in the system Ge0.23Sb0.07S0.70−xSex,' J. Phys. Chem. Solids (to be published).
  7. Z. G. Ivanova, V. S. Vassilev, E. Cernoskova, and Z. Cernosek, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 64, 107 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Boudebs and S. Cherukulappurath, Phys. Rev. A 69, 053813 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Ogusu, J. Yamasaki, S. Maeda, M. Kitao, and M. Minakata, Opt. Lett. 29, 265 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. F. Smektala, C. Quemard, V. Couderc, and A. Barthelemy, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 274, 232 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. Julien, S. Barnier, M. Massot, N. Chbani, X. Cai, A. M. Loireau-Lozac'h, and M. Guittard, Mater. Sci. Eng., B 22, 191 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Quemard, F. Smektala, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, and J. Lucas, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 62, 1435 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (2)

2003 (1)

Z. G. Ivanova, V. S. Vassilev, E. Cernoskova, and Z. Cernosek, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 64, 107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

J. M. Harbold, F. O. Ilday, and F. W. Wise, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

C. Quemard, F. Smektala, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, and J. Lucas, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 62, 1435 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

F. Smektala, C. Quemard, V. Couderc, and A. Barthelemy, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 274, 232 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, and A. Villeneuve, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256 & 257, 353 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1994 (1)

C. Julien, S. Barnier, M. Massot, N. Chbani, X. Cai, A. M. Loireau-Lozac'h, and M. Guittard, Mater. Sci. Eng., B 22, 191 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

J. Znobrik, J. Stetzif, I. Kavich, V. Osipenko, I. Zachko, N. Balota, and O. Jakivchuk, Ukr. J. Phys. Ukr. Phys. J. 26, 212 (1981).

Adamietz, F.

L. Petit, N. Carlie, K. C. Richardson, M. Couzi, F. Adamietz, and V. Rodriguez, 'Correlation between physical, optical and structural properties of sulfide glasses in the system GeSbS,' Mater. Chem. Phys. (to be published).

Balota, N.

J. Znobrik, J. Stetzif, I. Kavich, V. Osipenko, I. Zachko, N. Balota, and O. Jakivchuk, Ukr. J. Phys. Ukr. Phys. J. 26, 212 (1981).

Barnier, S.

C. Julien, S. Barnier, M. Massot, N. Chbani, X. Cai, A. M. Loireau-Lozac'h, and M. Guittard, Mater. Sci. Eng., B 22, 191 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Barthelemy, A.

C. Quemard, F. Smektala, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, and J. Lucas, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 62, 1435 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Smektala, C. Quemard, V. Couderc, and A. Barthelemy, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 274, 232 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Beatty, R.

T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, and A. Villeneuve, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256 & 257, 353 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Boudebs, G.

G. Boudebs and S. Cherukulappurath, Phys. Rev. A 69, 053813 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cai, X.

C. Julien, S. Barnier, M. Massot, N. Chbani, X. Cai, A. M. Loireau-Lozac'h, and M. Guittard, Mater. Sci. Eng., B 22, 191 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, B.

L. Petit, N. Carlie, K. Richardson, Y. Guo, A. Schulte, B. Campbell, B. Ferreira, and S. Martin, 'Effect of the substitution of S for Se on the structure of the glasses in the system Ge0.23Sb0.07S0.70−xSex,' J. Phys. Chem. Solids (to be published).

Cardinal, T.

T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, and A. Villeneuve, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256 & 257, 353 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Carlie, N.

L. Petit, N. Carlie, K. Richardson, Y. Guo, A. Schulte, B. Campbell, B. Ferreira, and S. Martin, 'Effect of the substitution of S for Se on the structure of the glasses in the system Ge0.23Sb0.07S0.70−xSex,' J. Phys. Chem. Solids (to be published).

L. Petit, N. Carlie, K. C. Richardson, M. Couzi, F. Adamietz, and V. Rodriguez, 'Correlation between physical, optical and structural properties of sulfide glasses in the system GeSbS,' Mater. Chem. Phys. (to be published).

Cernosek, Z.

Z. G. Ivanova, V. S. Vassilev, E. Cernoskova, and Z. Cernosek, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 64, 107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cernoskova, E.

Z. G. Ivanova, V. S. Vassilev, E. Cernoskova, and Z. Cernosek, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 64, 107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chbani, N.

C. Julien, S. Barnier, M. Massot, N. Chbani, X. Cai, A. M. Loireau-Lozac'h, and M. Guittard, Mater. Sci. Eng., B 22, 191 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cherukulappurath, S.

G. Boudebs and S. Cherukulappurath, Phys. Rev. A 69, 053813 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Couderc, V.

C. Quemard, F. Smektala, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, and J. Lucas, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 62, 1435 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Smektala, C. Quemard, V. Couderc, and A. Barthelemy, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 274, 232 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Couzi, M.

L. Petit, N. Carlie, K. C. Richardson, M. Couzi, F. Adamietz, and V. Rodriguez, 'Correlation between physical, optical and structural properties of sulfide glasses in the system GeSbS,' Mater. Chem. Phys. (to be published).

Ferreira, B.

L. Petit, N. Carlie, K. Richardson, Y. Guo, A. Schulte, B. Campbell, B. Ferreira, and S. Martin, 'Effect of the substitution of S for Se on the structure of the glasses in the system Ge0.23Sb0.07S0.70−xSex,' J. Phys. Chem. Solids (to be published).

Guittard, M.

C. Julien, S. Barnier, M. Massot, N. Chbani, X. Cai, A. M. Loireau-Lozac'h, and M. Guittard, Mater. Sci. Eng., B 22, 191 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Guo, Y.

L. Petit, N. Carlie, K. Richardson, Y. Guo, A. Schulte, B. Campbell, B. Ferreira, and S. Martin, 'Effect of the substitution of S for Se on the structure of the glasses in the system Ge0.23Sb0.07S0.70−xSex,' J. Phys. Chem. Solids (to be published).

Hagan, D.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Harbold, J. M.

J. M. Harbold, F. O. Ilday, and F. W. Wise, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ilday, F. O.

J. M. Harbold, F. O. Ilday, and F. W. Wise, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ivanova, Z. G.

Z. G. Ivanova, V. S. Vassilev, E. Cernoskova, and Z. Cernosek, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 64, 107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jakivchuk, O.

J. Znobrik, J. Stetzif, I. Kavich, V. Osipenko, I. Zachko, N. Balota, and O. Jakivchuk, Ukr. J. Phys. Ukr. Phys. J. 26, 212 (1981).

Julien, C.

C. Julien, S. Barnier, M. Massot, N. Chbani, X. Cai, A. M. Loireau-Lozac'h, and M. Guittard, Mater. Sci. Eng., B 22, 191 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kavich, I.

J. Znobrik, J. Stetzif, I. Kavich, V. Osipenko, I. Zachko, N. Balota, and O. Jakivchuk, Ukr. J. Phys. Ukr. Phys. J. 26, 212 (1981).

Kitao, M.

Le Foulgoc, K.

T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, and A. Villeneuve, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256 & 257, 353 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Loireau-Lozac'h, A. M.

C. Julien, S. Barnier, M. Massot, N. Chbani, X. Cai, A. M. Loireau-Lozac'h, and M. Guittard, Mater. Sci. Eng., B 22, 191 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lucas, J.

C. Quemard, F. Smektala, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, and J. Lucas, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 62, 1435 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Maeda, S.

Martin, S.

L. Petit, N. Carlie, K. Richardson, Y. Guo, A. Schulte, B. Campbell, B. Ferreira, and S. Martin, 'Effect of the substitution of S for Se on the structure of the glasses in the system Ge0.23Sb0.07S0.70−xSex,' J. Phys. Chem. Solids (to be published).

Massot, M.

C. Julien, S. Barnier, M. Massot, N. Chbani, X. Cai, A. M. Loireau-Lozac'h, and M. Guittard, Mater. Sci. Eng., B 22, 191 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Meneghini, C.

T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, and A. Villeneuve, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256 & 257, 353 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Meneghini and A. Villeneuve, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2946 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Minakata, M.

Ogusu, K.

Osipenko, V.

J. Znobrik, J. Stetzif, I. Kavich, V. Osipenko, I. Zachko, N. Balota, and O. Jakivchuk, Ukr. J. Phys. Ukr. Phys. J. 26, 212 (1981).

Petit, L.

L. Petit, N. Carlie, K. Richardson, Y. Guo, A. Schulte, B. Campbell, B. Ferreira, and S. Martin, 'Effect of the substitution of S for Se on the structure of the glasses in the system Ge0.23Sb0.07S0.70−xSex,' J. Phys. Chem. Solids (to be published).

L. Petit, N. Carlie, K. C. Richardson, M. Couzi, F. Adamietz, and V. Rodriguez, 'Correlation between physical, optical and structural properties of sulfide glasses in the system GeSbS,' Mater. Chem. Phys. (to be published).

Quemard, C.

C. Quemard, F. Smektala, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, and J. Lucas, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 62, 1435 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Smektala, C. Quemard, V. Couderc, and A. Barthelemy, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 274, 232 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, K.

L. Petit, N. Carlie, K. Richardson, Y. Guo, A. Schulte, B. Campbell, B. Ferreira, and S. Martin, 'Effect of the substitution of S for Se on the structure of the glasses in the system Ge0.23Sb0.07S0.70−xSex,' J. Phys. Chem. Solids (to be published).

Richardson, K. A.

T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, and A. Villeneuve, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256 & 257, 353 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, K. C.

L. Petit, N. Carlie, K. C. Richardson, M. Couzi, F. Adamietz, and V. Rodriguez, 'Correlation between physical, optical and structural properties of sulfide glasses in the system GeSbS,' Mater. Chem. Phys. (to be published).

Rodriguez, V.

L. Petit, N. Carlie, K. C. Richardson, M. Couzi, F. Adamietz, and V. Rodriguez, 'Correlation between physical, optical and structural properties of sulfide glasses in the system GeSbS,' Mater. Chem. Phys. (to be published).

Said, A. A.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Schulte, A.

T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, and A. Villeneuve, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256 & 257, 353 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Petit, N. Carlie, K. Richardson, Y. Guo, A. Schulte, B. Campbell, B. Ferreira, and S. Martin, 'Effect of the substitution of S for Se on the structure of the glasses in the system Ge0.23Sb0.07S0.70−xSex,' J. Phys. Chem. Solids (to be published).

Sheik-Bahae, M.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shim, H.

T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, and A. Villeneuve, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256 & 257, 353 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Smektala, F.

C. Quemard, F. Smektala, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, and J. Lucas, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 62, 1435 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Smektala, C. Quemard, V. Couderc, and A. Barthelemy, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 274, 232 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stetzif, J.

J. Znobrik, J. Stetzif, I. Kavich, V. Osipenko, I. Zachko, N. Balota, and O. Jakivchuk, Ukr. J. Phys. Ukr. Phys. J. 26, 212 (1981).

Van Stryland, E. W.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Vassilev, V. S.

Z. G. Ivanova, V. S. Vassilev, E. Cernoskova, and Z. Cernosek, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 64, 107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Viens, J. F.

T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, and A. Villeneuve, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256 & 257, 353 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, A.

T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, and A. Villeneuve, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256 & 257, 353 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Meneghini and A. Villeneuve, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2946 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wei, T. H.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F. W.

J. M. Harbold, F. O. Ilday, and F. W. Wise, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yamasaki, J.

Zachko, I.

J. Znobrik, J. Stetzif, I. Kavich, V. Osipenko, I. Zachko, N. Balota, and O. Jakivchuk, Ukr. J. Phys. Ukr. Phys. J. 26, 212 (1981).

Znobrik, J.

J. Znobrik, J. Stetzif, I. Kavich, V. Osipenko, I. Zachko, N. Balota, and O. Jakivchuk, Ukr. J. Phys. Ukr. Phys. J. 26, 212 (1981).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. M. Harbold, F. O. Ilday, and F. W. Wise, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

F. Smektala, C. Quemard, V. Couderc, and A. Barthelemy, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 274, 232 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, and A. Villeneuve, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256 & 257, 353 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Chem. Solids (2)

Z. G. Ivanova, V. S. Vassilev, E. Cernoskova, and Z. Cernosek, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 64, 107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Quemard, F. Smektala, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, and J. Lucas, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 62, 1435 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Eng., B (1)

C. Julien, S. Barnier, M. Massot, N. Chbani, X. Cai, A. M. Loireau-Lozac'h, and M. Guittard, Mater. Sci. Eng., B 22, 191 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

G. Boudebs and S. Cherukulappurath, Phys. Rev. A 69, 053813 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ukr. J. Phys. (1)

J. Znobrik, J. Stetzif, I. Kavich, V. Osipenko, I. Zachko, N. Balota, and O. Jakivchuk, Ukr. J. Phys. Ukr. Phys. J. 26, 212 (1981).

Other (2)

L. Petit, N. Carlie, K. C. Richardson, M. Couzi, F. Adamietz, and V. Rodriguez, 'Correlation between physical, optical and structural properties of sulfide glasses in the system GeSbS,' Mater. Chem. Phys. (to be published).

L. Petit, N. Carlie, K. Richardson, Y. Guo, A. Schulte, B. Campbell, B. Ferreira, and S. Martin, 'Effect of the substitution of S for Se on the structure of the glasses in the system Ge0.23Sb0.07S0.70−xSex,' J. Phys. Chem. Solids (to be published).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Evolution of the total number of electronic lone pairs and of n 2 in function of the Sb ions per cubic centimeter.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Nonlinear Characteristics and Total Number of Electronic Lone Pairs of the Glasses

Metrics