Abstract

A novel type of waveguide quasi-phase-matched device with output electro-optical (EO) modulation is proposed and demonstrated. The second-harmonic generated output can be modulated with a high extinction ratio by integration of dual EO phase modulators on a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide. Blue and green coherent light with EO modulation was demonstrated, and wavelength dispersion of r33 is discussed.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. T. Sugita, K. Mizuuchi, Y. Kitaoka, and K. Yamamoto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 40, 1751 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, 1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Ohnishi, S. Tokuhisa, Y. Oki, T. Okada, and M. Maeda, in Technical Digest of International Conference Optics and Photonics in Technology Frontier (Optical Society of Japan, 2004), p. 395.
  4. S. Kurimura and Y. Uesu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 33, 5457 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. W. Chang, A. C. Chiang, T. C. Lin, B. C. Wong, Y. H. Chen, and Y. C. Huang, Opt. Commun. 203, 163 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. E. Zelmon, D. L. Small, and D. Jundt, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 3319 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, 1967).

2002

K. W. Chang, A. C. Chiang, T. C. Lin, B. C. Wong, Y. H. Chen, and Y. C. Huang, Opt. Commun. 203, 163 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

T. Sugita, K. Mizuuchi, Y. Kitaoka, and K. Yamamoto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 40, 1751 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997

1994

S. Kurimura and Y. Uesu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 33, 5457 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chang, K. W.

K. W. Chang, A. C. Chiang, T. C. Lin, B. C. Wong, Y. H. Chen, and Y. C. Huang, Opt. Commun. 203, 163 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. H.

K. W. Chang, A. C. Chiang, T. C. Lin, B. C. Wong, Y. H. Chen, and Y. C. Huang, Opt. Commun. 203, 163 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chiang, A. C.

K. W. Chang, A. C. Chiang, T. C. Lin, B. C. Wong, Y. H. Chen, and Y. C. Huang, Opt. Commun. 203, 163 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. C.

K. W. Chang, A. C. Chiang, T. C. Lin, B. C. Wong, Y. H. Chen, and Y. C. Huang, Opt. Commun. 203, 163 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jundt, D.

Kitaoka, Y.

T. Sugita, K. Mizuuchi, Y. Kitaoka, and K. Yamamoto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 40, 1751 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kurimura, S.

S. Kurimura and Y. Uesu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 33, 5457 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lin, T. C.

K. W. Chang, A. C. Chiang, T. C. Lin, B. C. Wong, Y. H. Chen, and Y. C. Huang, Opt. Commun. 203, 163 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Maeda, M.

K. Ohnishi, S. Tokuhisa, Y. Oki, T. Okada, and M. Maeda, in Technical Digest of International Conference Optics and Photonics in Technology Frontier (Optical Society of Japan, 2004), p. 395.

Mizuuchi, K.

T. Sugita, K. Mizuuchi, Y. Kitaoka, and K. Yamamoto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 40, 1751 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ohnishi, K.

K. Ohnishi, S. Tokuhisa, Y. Oki, T. Okada, and M. Maeda, in Technical Digest of International Conference Optics and Photonics in Technology Frontier (Optical Society of Japan, 2004), p. 395.

Okada, T.

K. Ohnishi, S. Tokuhisa, Y. Oki, T. Okada, and M. Maeda, in Technical Digest of International Conference Optics and Photonics in Technology Frontier (Optical Society of Japan, 2004), p. 395.

Oki, Y.

K. Ohnishi, S. Tokuhisa, Y. Oki, T. Okada, and M. Maeda, in Technical Digest of International Conference Optics and Photonics in Technology Frontier (Optical Society of Japan, 2004), p. 395.

Saleh, B. E. A.

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, 1991).
[CrossRef]

Small, D. L.

Sugita, T.

T. Sugita, K. Mizuuchi, Y. Kitaoka, and K. Yamamoto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 40, 1751 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Teich, M. C.

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, 1991).
[CrossRef]

Tokuhisa, S.

K. Ohnishi, S. Tokuhisa, Y. Oki, T. Okada, and M. Maeda, in Technical Digest of International Conference Optics and Photonics in Technology Frontier (Optical Society of Japan, 2004), p. 395.

Uesu, Y.

S. Kurimura and Y. Uesu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 33, 5457 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wong, B. C.

K. W. Chang, A. C. Chiang, T. C. Lin, B. C. Wong, Y. H. Chen, and Y. C. Huang, Opt. Commun. 203, 163 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, K.

T. Sugita, K. Mizuuchi, Y. Kitaoka, and K. Yamamoto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 40, 1751 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, 1967).

Zelmon, D. E.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1

S. Kurimura and Y. Uesu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 33, 5457 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1

T. Sugita, K. Mizuuchi, Y. Kitaoka, and K. Yamamoto, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 40, 1751 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

K. W. Chang, A. C. Chiang, T. C. Lin, B. C. Wong, Y. H. Chen, and Y. C. Huang, Opt. Commun. 203, 163 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, 1991).
[CrossRef]

K. Ohnishi, S. Tokuhisa, Y. Oki, T. Okada, and M. Maeda, in Technical Digest of International Conference Optics and Photonics in Technology Frontier (Optical Society of Japan, 2004), p. 395.

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, 1967).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the waveguided QPM SHG device with the integrated EO modulators: (a) single modulator (PM PPLN), (b) dual modulators (DPM PPLN).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated SH output as a function of the voltage applied to PM 1 . The SHG wavelength was 530 nm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Phasor diagram of electric field E 2 ω in DPM PPLN.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experiment setup for the evaluation of DPM PPLN.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Modulation characteristics of the DPM PPLN as voltage applied to PM 1 is varied.

Equations (3)

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d E ω d x = σ ω 2 μ 0 ϵ ω E ω i ω d 2 μ 0 ϵ ω D ( x ) E 2 ω ( x ) E ω * ( x ) exp [ i ϕ ( x ) ] ,
d E 2 ω d x = σ 2 ω 2 μ 0 ϵ 2 ω E 2 ω i ω d 2 μ 0 ϵ ω D ( x ) E ω ( x ) 2 exp [ i ϕ ( x ) ] ,
Δ β ( E ) 2 ω c { n c ( 2 ω ) n c ( ω ) E [ r 33 ( 2 ω ) n e ( 2 ω ) 2 r 33 ( ω ) n e ( ω ) 3 ] 2 } ,

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