Abstract

A quantum-dot-based saturable absorber has been demonstrated to initiate the generation of femtosecond pulses from a passively mode-locked solid-state laser. Control and tuning of the pulse duration from 58psto158fs was achieved. The 158fs transform-limited pulses at 1280nm are the shortest pulses that were produced from the Cr:forsterite laser passively mode locked by an InAsInGaAs quantum-dot semiconductor saturable absorber mirror.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. M. Ustinov, A. E. Zhukov, A. Yu. Egorov, and N. A. Maleev, Quantum Dot Lasers, Oxford Science Pub. 11, Series on Semiconductor Science and Technology (Oxford U. Press, 2003).
  2. U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. U. Rafailov, M. A. Cataluna, W. Sibbett, N. D. Ll'inskaya, Y. M. Zardiranov, A. E. Zhukov, V. M. Ustinov, D. A. Livshits, A. R. Kovsh, and N. N. Ledentsov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181107 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. U. Rafailov, S. J. White, A. A. Lagatsky, A. Miller, W. Sibbett, D. A. Livshits, A. E. Zhukov, and V. M. Ustinov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2439 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. W. Su, H. C. Lai, A. Li, Y. F. Chen, and K. F. Huang, Opt. Lett. 30, 1482 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. J. Unold, D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Mass, B. Rudin, A. R. Bellancourt, U. Keller, E. Gini, and D. Ebling, '50-GHz mode-locked VECSELs: an integrable alternative to high-repetition-rate solid-state lasers,' presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Lake Tahoe, Calif., January 29-February 1, 2006.

2005

E. U. Rafailov, M. A. Cataluna, W. Sibbett, N. D. Ll'inskaya, Y. M. Zardiranov, A. E. Zhukov, V. M. Ustinov, D. A. Livshits, A. R. Kovsh, and N. N. Ledentsov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Su, H. C. Lai, A. Li, Y. F. Chen, and K. F. Huang, Opt. Lett. 30, 1482 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

E. U. Rafailov, S. J. White, A. A. Lagatsky, A. Miller, W. Sibbett, D. A. Livshits, A. E. Zhukov, and V. M. Ustinov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2439 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1996

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Aus der Au, J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bellancourt, A. R.

H. J. Unold, D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Mass, B. Rudin, A. R. Bellancourt, U. Keller, E. Gini, and D. Ebling, '50-GHz mode-locked VECSELs: an integrable alternative to high-repetition-rate solid-state lasers,' presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Lake Tahoe, Calif., January 29-February 1, 2006.

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cataluna, M. A.

E. U. Rafailov, M. A. Cataluna, W. Sibbett, N. D. Ll'inskaya, Y. M. Zardiranov, A. E. Zhukov, V. M. Ustinov, D. A. Livshits, A. R. Kovsh, and N. N. Ledentsov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Cundiff, S. T.

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cunningham, J. E.

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ebling, D.

H. J. Unold, D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Mass, B. Rudin, A. R. Bellancourt, U. Keller, E. Gini, and D. Ebling, '50-GHz mode-locked VECSELs: an integrable alternative to high-repetition-rate solid-state lasers,' presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Lake Tahoe, Calif., January 29-February 1, 2006.

Egorov, A. Yu.

V. M. Ustinov, A. E. Zhukov, A. Yu. Egorov, and N. A. Maleev, Quantum Dot Lasers, Oxford Science Pub. 11, Series on Semiconductor Science and Technology (Oxford U. Press, 2003).

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gini, E.

H. J. Unold, D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Mass, B. Rudin, A. R. Bellancourt, U. Keller, E. Gini, and D. Ebling, '50-GHz mode-locked VECSELs: an integrable alternative to high-repetition-rate solid-state lasers,' presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Lake Tahoe, Calif., January 29-February 1, 2006.

Honninger, C.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Huang, K. F.

Jan, W. Y.

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kartner, F. X.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Unold, D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Mass, B. Rudin, A. R. Bellancourt, U. Keller, E. Gini, and D. Ebling, '50-GHz mode-locked VECSELs: an integrable alternative to high-repetition-rate solid-state lasers,' presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Lake Tahoe, Calif., January 29-February 1, 2006.

Knox, W. H.

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kopf, D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kovsh, A. R.

E. U. Rafailov, M. A. Cataluna, W. Sibbett, N. D. Ll'inskaya, Y. M. Zardiranov, A. E. Zhukov, V. M. Ustinov, D. A. Livshits, A. R. Kovsh, and N. N. Ledentsov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lagatsky, A. A.

E. U. Rafailov, S. J. White, A. A. Lagatsky, A. Miller, W. Sibbett, D. A. Livshits, A. E. Zhukov, and V. M. Ustinov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2439 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lai, H. C.

Ledentsov, N. N.

E. U. Rafailov, M. A. Cataluna, W. Sibbett, N. D. Ll'inskaya, Y. M. Zardiranov, A. E. Zhukov, V. M. Ustinov, D. A. Livshits, A. R. Kovsh, and N. N. Ledentsov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, A.

Livshits, D. A.

E. U. Rafailov, M. A. Cataluna, W. Sibbett, N. D. Ll'inskaya, Y. M. Zardiranov, A. E. Zhukov, V. M. Ustinov, D. A. Livshits, A. R. Kovsh, and N. N. Ledentsov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. U. Rafailov, S. J. White, A. A. Lagatsky, A. Miller, W. Sibbett, D. A. Livshits, A. E. Zhukov, and V. M. Ustinov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2439 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ll'inskaya, N. D.

E. U. Rafailov, M. A. Cataluna, W. Sibbett, N. D. Ll'inskaya, Y. M. Zardiranov, A. E. Zhukov, V. M. Ustinov, D. A. Livshits, A. R. Kovsh, and N. N. Ledentsov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lorenser, D.

H. J. Unold, D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Mass, B. Rudin, A. R. Bellancourt, U. Keller, E. Gini, and D. Ebling, '50-GHz mode-locked VECSELs: an integrable alternative to high-repetition-rate solid-state lasers,' presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Lake Tahoe, Calif., January 29-February 1, 2006.

Maleev, N. A.

V. M. Ustinov, A. E. Zhukov, A. Yu. Egorov, and N. A. Maleev, Quantum Dot Lasers, Oxford Science Pub. 11, Series on Semiconductor Science and Technology (Oxford U. Press, 2003).

Mass, D. J. H. C.

H. J. Unold, D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Mass, B. Rudin, A. R. Bellancourt, U. Keller, E. Gini, and D. Ebling, '50-GHz mode-locked VECSELs: an integrable alternative to high-repetition-rate solid-state lasers,' presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Lake Tahoe, Calif., January 29-February 1, 2006.

Matuschek, N.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Miller, A.

E. U. Rafailov, S. J. White, A. A. Lagatsky, A. Miller, W. Sibbett, D. A. Livshits, A. E. Zhukov, and V. M. Ustinov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2439 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rafailov, E. U.

E. U. Rafailov, M. A. Cataluna, W. Sibbett, N. D. Ll'inskaya, Y. M. Zardiranov, A. E. Zhukov, V. M. Ustinov, D. A. Livshits, A. R. Kovsh, and N. N. Ledentsov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. U. Rafailov, S. J. White, A. A. Lagatsky, A. Miller, W. Sibbett, D. A. Livshits, A. E. Zhukov, and V. M. Ustinov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2439 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rudin, B.

H. J. Unold, D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Mass, B. Rudin, A. R. Bellancourt, U. Keller, E. Gini, and D. Ebling, '50-GHz mode-locked VECSELs: an integrable alternative to high-repetition-rate solid-state lasers,' presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Lake Tahoe, Calif., January 29-February 1, 2006.

Sibbett, W.

E. U. Rafailov, M. A. Cataluna, W. Sibbett, N. D. Ll'inskaya, Y. M. Zardiranov, A. E. Zhukov, V. M. Ustinov, D. A. Livshits, A. R. Kovsh, and N. N. Ledentsov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. U. Rafailov, S. J. White, A. A. Lagatsky, A. Miller, W. Sibbett, D. A. Livshits, A. E. Zhukov, and V. M. Ustinov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2439 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Su, K. W.

Tsuda, S.

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Unold, H. J.

H. J. Unold, D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Mass, B. Rudin, A. R. Bellancourt, U. Keller, E. Gini, and D. Ebling, '50-GHz mode-locked VECSELs: an integrable alternative to high-repetition-rate solid-state lasers,' presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Lake Tahoe, Calif., January 29-February 1, 2006.

Ustinov, V. M.

E. U. Rafailov, M. A. Cataluna, W. Sibbett, N. D. Ll'inskaya, Y. M. Zardiranov, A. E. Zhukov, V. M. Ustinov, D. A. Livshits, A. R. Kovsh, and N. N. Ledentsov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. U. Rafailov, S. J. White, A. A. Lagatsky, A. Miller, W. Sibbett, D. A. Livshits, A. E. Zhukov, and V. M. Ustinov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2439 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Ustinov, A. E. Zhukov, A. Yu. Egorov, and N. A. Maleev, Quantum Dot Lasers, Oxford Science Pub. 11, Series on Semiconductor Science and Technology (Oxford U. Press, 2003).

Weingarten, K. J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

White, S. J.

E. U. Rafailov, S. J. White, A. A. Lagatsky, A. Miller, W. Sibbett, D. A. Livshits, A. E. Zhukov, and V. M. Ustinov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2439 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zardiranov, Y. M.

E. U. Rafailov, M. A. Cataluna, W. Sibbett, N. D. Ll'inskaya, Y. M. Zardiranov, A. E. Zhukov, V. M. Ustinov, D. A. Livshits, A. R. Kovsh, and N. N. Ledentsov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhukov, A. E.

E. U. Rafailov, M. A. Cataluna, W. Sibbett, N. D. Ll'inskaya, Y. M. Zardiranov, A. E. Zhukov, V. M. Ustinov, D. A. Livshits, A. R. Kovsh, and N. N. Ledentsov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. U. Rafailov, S. J. White, A. A. Lagatsky, A. Miller, W. Sibbett, D. A. Livshits, A. E. Zhukov, and V. M. Ustinov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2439 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Ustinov, A. E. Zhukov, A. Yu. Egorov, and N. A. Maleev, Quantum Dot Lasers, Oxford Science Pub. 11, Series on Semiconductor Science and Technology (Oxford U. Press, 2003).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

E. U. Rafailov, M. A. Cataluna, W. Sibbett, N. D. Ll'inskaya, Y. M. Zardiranov, A. E. Zhukov, V. M. Ustinov, D. A. Livshits, A. R. Kovsh, and N. N. Ledentsov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 181107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

E. U. Rafailov, S. J. White, A. A. Lagatsky, A. Miller, W. Sibbett, D. A. Livshits, A. E. Zhukov, and V. M. Ustinov, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2439 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

H. J. Unold, D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Mass, B. Rudin, A. R. Bellancourt, U. Keller, E. Gini, and D. Ebling, '50-GHz mode-locked VECSELs: an integrable alternative to high-repetition-rate solid-state lasers,' presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Lake Tahoe, Calif., January 29-February 1, 2006.

V. M. Ustinov, A. E. Zhukov, A. Yu. Egorov, and N. A. Maleev, Quantum Dot Lasers, Oxford Science Pub. 11, Series on Semiconductor Science and Technology (Oxford U. Press, 2003).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Pulse duration and output power from the Cr:forsterite laser versus angle θ.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Measured intensity autocorrelation; (b) optical spectrum of the pulses from the Cr:forsterite laser when passively mode locked by using the quantum-dot SESAM with θ = 45 ° .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Reflectivity spectra of the QD SESAM for various angles of incidence.

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