Abstract

By using a semiconductor optical amplifier backward injected by a dark-optical-comb pulse train at 10GHz, we demonstrate a 10Gbits all-optical nonreturn-to-zero (NRZ) to return-to-zero (RZ) format conversion of an incoming optical pseudorandom binary sequence (PRBS) data strieam. Both the polarity and the wavelength of data are conserved during format conversion. Without any preamplification, the extinction ratio of degraded optical NRZ PRBS data is greatly improved from 7.13 to 13.6dB after NRZ-to-RZ conversion. An ultralow bit-error rate of 1012 at a data rate as high as 10Gbitss is obtained with a received optical power of 18.3dBm. The converted RZ PRBS data exhibit a negative power penalty of >3.7dB compared with the NRZ PRBS data at a bit-error rate of 1012.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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2005 (3)

2004 (2)

2003 (2)

A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. F. Grosz, A. P. Kung, D. N. Maywar, A. Gurevich, and T. H. Wood, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 470 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, B. C. Wang, V. Baby, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 308 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

C. W. Chow, C. S. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Commun. 209, 329 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

A. Buxens, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 36, 156 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

D. Norte and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 715 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

D. Norte, E. Park, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 920 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

J. P. R. Lacey, M. V. Chan, R. S. Tucker, A. J. Lowery, and M. A. Summerfield, Electron. Lett. 30, 1612 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

J. M. Wiesenfeld, B. Glance, J. S. Perino, and A. H. Gnauck, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 1300 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1056 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

I. D. Henning, M. J. Adams, and J. V. Collins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 609 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Adams, M. J.

I. D. Henning, M. J. Adams, and J. V. Collins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 609 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Agarwal, A.

A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. F. Grosz, A. P. Kung, D. N. Maywar, A. Gurevich, and T. H. Wood, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 470 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Baby, V.

L. Xu, B. C. Wang, V. Baby, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 308 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Banerjee, S.

A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. F. Grosz, A. P. Kung, D. N. Maywar, A. Gurevich, and T. H. Wood, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 470 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Buxens, A.

A. Buxens, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 36, 156 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chan, M. V.

J. P. R. Lacey, M. V. Chan, R. S. Tucker, A. J. Lowery, and M. A. Summerfield, Electron. Lett. 30, 1612 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Y.-C.

Chen, J. H.

Chiu, I.-H.

Chow, C. W.

C. W. Chow, C. S. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Commun. 209, 329 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Clausen, A. T.

A. Buxens, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 36, 156 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Collins, J. V.

I. D. Henning, M. J. Adams, and J. V. Collins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 609 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Devgan, P.

J. Lasri, P. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, and P. Kumar, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO'04 (Optical Society of America, 2004), Vol. 2, p. 16.

Durhuus, T.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1056 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Glance, B.

J. M. Wiesenfeld, B. Glance, J. S. Perino, and A. H. Gnauck, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 1300 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Glesk, I.

L. Xu, B. C. Wang, V. Baby, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 308 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gnauck, A. H.

J. M. Wiesenfeld, B. Glance, J. S. Perino, and A. H. Gnauck, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 1300 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Grigoryan, V. S.

J. Lasri, P. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, and P. Kumar, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO'04 (Optical Society of America, 2004), Vol. 2, p. 16.

Grosz, D. F.

A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. F. Grosz, A. P. Kung, D. N. Maywar, A. Gurevich, and T. H. Wood, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 470 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gurevich, A.

A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. F. Grosz, A. P. Kung, D. N. Maywar, A. Gurevich, and T. H. Wood, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 470 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Henning, I. D.

I. D. Henning, M. J. Adams, and J. V. Collins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 609 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Horak, P.

A. D. McCoy, P. Horak, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, M. R. Mokhtar, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 241 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

A. D. McCoy, P. Horak, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, M. R. Mokhtar, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 241 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jeppesen, P.

A. Buxens, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 36, 156 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kawaguchi, H.

H. Kawaguchi, Y. Yamayoshi, and K. Tamura, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO'00 (Optical Society of America, 2000), p. 379.

Kim, Y. J.

Kumar, P.

J. Lasri, P. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, and P. Kumar, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO'04 (Optical Society of America, 2004), Vol. 2, p. 16.

Kung, A. P.

A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. F. Grosz, A. P. Kung, D. N. Maywar, A. Gurevich, and T. H. Wood, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 470 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lacey, J. P. R.

J. P. R. Lacey, M. V. Chan, R. S. Tucker, A. J. Lowery, and M. A. Summerfield, Electron. Lett. 30, 1612 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lasri, J.

J. Lasri, P. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, and P. Kumar, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO'04 (Optical Society of America, 2004), Vol. 2, p. 16.

Lee, C. G.

Lee, H. J.

Liao, Y.-S.

Lin, G.-R.

Lin, Y.-H.

Lowery, A. J.

J. P. R. Lacey, M. V. Chan, R. S. Tucker, A. J. Lowery, and M. A. Summerfield, Electron. Lett. 30, 1612 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Maywar, D. N.

A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. F. Grosz, A. P. Kung, D. N. Maywar, A. Gurevich, and T. H. Wood, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 470 (2003).
[CrossRef]

McCoy, A. D.

A. D. McCoy, P. Horak, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, M. R. Mokhtar, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 241 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mikkelsen, B.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1056 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mokhtar, M. R.

A. D. McCoy, P. Horak, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, M. R. Mokhtar, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 241 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Norte, D.

D. Norte and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 715 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. Norte, E. Park, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 920 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Park, C. S.

Park, E.

D. Norte, E. Park, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 920 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Perino, J. S.

J. M. Wiesenfeld, B. Glance, J. S. Perino, and A. H. Gnauck, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 1300 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Poulsen, H. N.

A. Buxens, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 36, 156 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Prucnal, P. R.

L. Xu, B. C. Wang, V. Baby, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 308 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

A. D. McCoy, P. Horak, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, M. R. Mokhtar, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 241 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stubkjaer, K. E.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1056 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Summerfield, M. A.

J. P. R. Lacey, M. V. Chan, R. S. Tucker, A. J. Lowery, and M. A. Summerfield, Electron. Lett. 30, 1612 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

H. Kawaguchi, Y. Yamayoshi, and K. Tamura, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO'00 (Optical Society of America, 2000), p. 379.

Thomsen, B. C.

A. D. McCoy, P. Horak, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, M. R. Mokhtar, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 241 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, H. K.

C. W. Chow, C. S. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Commun. 209, 329 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, R. S.

J. P. R. Lacey, M. V. Chan, R. S. Tucker, A. J. Lowery, and M. A. Summerfield, Electron. Lett. 30, 1612 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wang, B. C.

L. Xu, B. C. Wang, V. Baby, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 308 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wiesenfeld, J. M.

J. M. Wiesenfeld, B. Glance, J. S. Perino, and A. H. Gnauck, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 1300 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

D. Norte and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 715 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. Norte, E. Park, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 920 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wong, C. S.

C. W. Chow, C. S. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Commun. 209, 329 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wood, T. H.

A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. F. Grosz, A. P. Kung, D. N. Maywar, A. Gurevich, and T. H. Wood, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 470 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wu, M.-C.

Xia, G.-Q.

Xu, L.

L. Xu, B. C. Wang, V. Baby, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 308 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yamayoshi, Y.

H. Kawaguchi, Y. Yamayoshi, and K. Tamura, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO'00 (Optical Society of America, 2000), p. 379.

Electron. Lett. (2)

A. Buxens, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 36, 156 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. P. R. Lacey, M. V. Chan, R. S. Tucker, A. J. Lowery, and M. A. Summerfield, Electron. Lett. 30, 1612 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

I. D. Henning, M. J. Adams, and J. V. Collins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 609 (1985).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (6)

J. M. Wiesenfeld, B. Glance, J. S. Perino, and A. H. Gnauck, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 1300 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. D. McCoy, P. Horak, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, M. R. Mokhtar, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 241 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Norte, E. Park, and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 920 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. F. Grosz, A. P. Kung, D. N. Maywar, A. Gurevich, and T. H. Wood, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 470 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Norte and A. E. Willner, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 715 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, B. C. Wang, V. Baby, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 308 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1056 (1992).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Lee, Y. J. Kim, C. S. Park, H. J. Lee, and C. S. Park, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 834 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. W. Chow, C. S. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, Opt. Commun. 209, 329 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Other (2)

J. Lasri, P. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, and P. Kumar, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO'04 (Optical Society of America, 2004), Vol. 2, p. 16.

H. Kawaguchi, Y. Yamayoshi, and K. Tamura, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO'00 (Optical Society of America, 2000), p. 379.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: TL, tunable laser; MZM, Mach–Zehnder modulator; Amp., RF amplifier. Other abbreviations defined in text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured eye diagrams: (a) NRZ pattern, (b) periodic dark-optical-comb pulse train, (c) converted RZ PRBS.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Extinction ratio of the transformed pulsed data pattern versus the injecting clock wavelength at several data wavelengths.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Input ER (NRZ format) versus output ER (RZ format).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

BER measurements of back-to-back transmitted NRZ and NRZ-to-RZ data streams at several received powers.

Metrics