Abstract

High-quality monoclinic KY(WO4)2 optical waveguides were grown by liquid-phase epitaxy, and laser operation of an Yb-doped KY(WO4)2 waveguide was demonstrated for the first time to our knowledge. Continuous-wave laser emission near 1μm was achieved with both surface and buried planar waveguides. An output power of 290mW was obtained in the fundamental mode and the slope efficiency was above 80%.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, T. Jensen, A. Diening, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 64, 409 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 22, 1317 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. Klopp, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 42, L246 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innerhofer, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Paschotta, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 27, 1162 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Aznar, R. Solé, M. Aguiló, F. Diaz, U. Griebner, R. Grunwald, and V. Petrov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4313 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. Ferrand, B. Chambaz, and M. Couchaud, Opt. Mater. 11, 101 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. E. Romanyuk, I. Utke, D. Ehrentraut, V. Apostolopoulos, M. Pollnau, S. García-Revilla, and R. Valiente, J. Cryst. Growth 269, 377 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Solé, V. Nikolov, X. Ruiz, J. Gavaldà, X. Solans, M. Aguiló, and F. Diaz, J. Cryst. Growth 169, 600 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, R. Solé, J. Massons, J. Gavaldà, X. Solans, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, J. Appl. Crystallogr. 35, 108 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staber, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  11. U. Griebner and H. Schönnagel, Opt. Lett. 24, 750 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (2)

A. Aznar, R. Solé, M. Aguiló, F. Diaz, U. Griebner, R. Grunwald, and V. Petrov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4313 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. E. Romanyuk, I. Utke, D. Ehrentraut, V. Apostolopoulos, M. Pollnau, S. García-Revilla, and R. Valiente, J. Cryst. Growth 269, 377 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

P. Klopp, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 42, L246 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

1999 (2)

U. Griebner and H. Schönnagel, Opt. Lett. 24, 750 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Ferrand, B. Chambaz, and M. Couchaud, Opt. Mater. 11, 101 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, T. Jensen, A. Diening, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 64, 409 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 22, 1317 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

R. Solé, V. Nikolov, X. Ruiz, J. Gavaldà, X. Solans, M. Aguiló, and F. Diaz, J. Cryst. Growth 169, 600 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staber, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Aguiló, M.

A. Aznar, R. Solé, M. Aguiló, F. Diaz, U. Griebner, R. Grunwald, and V. Petrov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4313 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, R. Solé, J. Massons, J. Gavaldà, X. Solans, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, J. Appl. Crystallogr. 35, 108 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Solé, V. Nikolov, X. Ruiz, J. Gavaldà, X. Solans, M. Aguiló, and F. Diaz, J. Cryst. Growth 169, 600 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Apostolopoulos, V.

Y. E. Romanyuk, I. Utke, D. Ehrentraut, V. Apostolopoulos, M. Pollnau, S. García-Revilla, and R. Valiente, J. Cryst. Growth 269, 377 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Aznar, A.

A. Aznar, R. Solé, M. Aguiló, F. Diaz, U. Griebner, R. Grunwald, and V. Petrov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4313 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brunner, F.

Caird, J. A.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staber, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chambaz, B.

B. Ferrand, B. Chambaz, and M. Couchaud, Opt. Mater. 11, 101 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L. L.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staber, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Contag, K.

Couchaud, M.

B. Ferrand, B. Chambaz, and M. Couchaud, Opt. Mater. 11, 101 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Diaz, F.

A. Aznar, R. Solé, M. Aguiló, F. Diaz, U. Griebner, R. Grunwald, and V. Petrov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4313 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, R. Solé, J. Massons, J. Gavaldà, X. Solans, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, J. Appl. Crystallogr. 35, 108 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Solé, V. Nikolov, X. Ruiz, J. Gavaldà, X. Solans, M. Aguiló, and F. Diaz, J. Cryst. Growth 169, 600 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Diening, A.

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, T. Jensen, A. Diening, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 64, 409 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ehrentraut, D.

Y. E. Romanyuk, I. Utke, D. Ehrentraut, V. Apostolopoulos, M. Pollnau, S. García-Revilla, and R. Valiente, J. Cryst. Growth 269, 377 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ferrand, B.

B. Ferrand, B. Chambaz, and M. Couchaud, Opt. Mater. 11, 101 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gao, J.

García-Revilla, S.

Y. E. Romanyuk, I. Utke, D. Ehrentraut, V. Apostolopoulos, M. Pollnau, S. García-Revilla, and R. Valiente, J. Cryst. Growth 269, 377 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gavaldà, J.

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, R. Solé, J. Massons, J. Gavaldà, X. Solans, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, J. Appl. Crystallogr. 35, 108 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Solé, V. Nikolov, X. Ruiz, J. Gavaldà, X. Solans, M. Aguiló, and F. Diaz, J. Cryst. Growth 169, 600 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Giesen, A.

Griebner, U.

A. Aznar, R. Solé, M. Aguiló, F. Diaz, U. Griebner, R. Grunwald, and V. Petrov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4313 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Klopp, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 42, L246 (2003).
[CrossRef]

U. Griebner and H. Schönnagel, Opt. Lett. 24, 750 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Grunwald, R.

A. Aznar, R. Solé, M. Aguiló, F. Diaz, U. Griebner, R. Grunwald, and V. Petrov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4313 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Heumann, E.

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, T. Jensen, A. Diening, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 64, 409 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, T. Jensen, A. Diening, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 64, 409 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 22, 1317 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Innerhofer, E.

Jensen, T.

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, T. Jensen, A. Diening, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 64, 409 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

Kisel, V. E.

Klopp, P.

P. Klopp, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 42, L246 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staber, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

Lagatsky, A. A.

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 22, 1317 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, T. Jensen, A. Diening, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 64, 409 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Massons, J.

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, R. Solé, J. Massons, J. Gavaldà, X. Solans, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, J. Appl. Crystallogr. 35, 108 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mateos, X.

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, R. Solé, J. Massons, J. Gavaldà, X. Solans, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, J. Appl. Crystallogr. 35, 108 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailov, V. P.

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, T. Jensen, A. Diening, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 64, 409 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 22, 1317 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Morier-Genoud, F.

Nikolov, V.

R. Solé, V. Nikolov, X. Ruiz, J. Gavaldà, X. Solans, M. Aguiló, and F. Diaz, J. Cryst. Growth 169, 600 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

Payne, S. A.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staber, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

A. Aznar, R. Solé, M. Aguiló, F. Diaz, U. Griebner, R. Grunwald, and V. Petrov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4313 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Klopp, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 42, L246 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Podlipensky, A. V.

Pollnau, M.

Y. E. Romanyuk, I. Utke, D. Ehrentraut, V. Apostolopoulos, M. Pollnau, S. García-Revilla, and R. Valiente, J. Cryst. Growth 269, 377 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pujol, M. C.

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, R. Solé, J. Massons, J. Gavaldà, X. Solans, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, J. Appl. Crystallogr. 35, 108 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ramponi, A. J.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staber, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Romanyuk, Y. E.

Y. E. Romanyuk, I. Utke, D. Ehrentraut, V. Apostolopoulos, M. Pollnau, S. García-Revilla, and R. Valiente, J. Cryst. Growth 269, 377 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ruiz, X.

R. Solé, V. Nikolov, X. Ruiz, J. Gavaldà, X. Solans, M. Aguiló, and F. Diaz, J. Cryst. Growth 169, 600 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Schönnagel, H.

Shcherbitsky, V. G.

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innerhofer, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Paschotta, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 27, 1162 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, T. Jensen, A. Diening, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 64, 409 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Solans, X.

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, R. Solé, J. Massons, J. Gavaldà, X. Solans, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, J. Appl. Crystallogr. 35, 108 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Solé, V. Nikolov, X. Ruiz, J. Gavaldà, X. Solans, M. Aguiló, and F. Diaz, J. Cryst. Growth 169, 600 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Solé, R.

A. Aznar, R. Solé, M. Aguiló, F. Diaz, U. Griebner, R. Grunwald, and V. Petrov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4313 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, R. Solé, J. Massons, J. Gavaldà, X. Solans, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, J. Appl. Crystallogr. 35, 108 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Solé, V. Nikolov, X. Ruiz, J. Gavaldà, X. Solans, M. Aguiló, and F. Diaz, J. Cryst. Growth 169, 600 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Staber, P. R.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staber, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Südmeyer, T.

Utke, I.

Y. E. Romanyuk, I. Utke, D. Ehrentraut, V. Apostolopoulos, M. Pollnau, S. García-Revilla, and R. Valiente, J. Cryst. Growth 269, 377 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Valiente, R.

Y. E. Romanyuk, I. Utke, D. Ehrentraut, V. Apostolopoulos, M. Pollnau, S. García-Revilla, and R. Valiente, J. Cryst. Growth 269, 377 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V. P. Mikhailov, E. Heumann, T. Jensen, A. Diening, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 64, 409 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Aznar, R. Solé, M. Aguiló, F. Diaz, U. Griebner, R. Grunwald, and V. Petrov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4313 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staber, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Crystallogr. (1)

M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, R. Solé, J. Massons, J. Gavaldà, X. Solans, F. Diaz, and M. Aguiló, J. Appl. Crystallogr. 35, 108 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (2)

Y. E. Romanyuk, I. Utke, D. Ehrentraut, V. Apostolopoulos, M. Pollnau, S. García-Revilla, and R. Valiente, J. Cryst. Growth 269, 377 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Solé, V. Nikolov, X. Ruiz, J. Gavaldà, X. Solans, M. Aguiló, and F. Diaz, J. Cryst. Growth 169, 600 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 (1)

P. Klopp, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 42, L246 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. (1)

B. Ferrand, B. Chambaz, and M. Couchaud, Opt. Mater. 11, 101 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

As-grown, 22 μ m thick buried K Y ( W O 4 ) 2 : 1.8 at. % Yb waveguide: (a) optical micrograph of the polished end face, (b) guided Yb 3 + fluorescence and pump light in the planar waveguide and intensity distribution.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Laser output power versus absorbed pump power of (a) 17 μ m thick surface and (b) 17 μ m thick buried KYW:Yb planar waveguides for different transmissions of the output coupler. Inset (a), setup of the Z-shaped laser cavity. L p , focusing pump lens; M 1 , M 2 , M 3 , high reflecting mirrors ( M 2 , M 3 ; ROC = 10 cm ); M 4 , plane output coupler.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparison of relative laser output power versus resonator length L for a 6 mm long glass:Yb bulk sample and a 6 mm long K Y W : 1.2 at. % Yb surface waveguide. Inset, setup of the linear laser cavity; L p , focusing pump lens; M 1 , plane dichroic mirror; M 2 , output coupler ( ROC = 5 cm ) .

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