Abstract

We propose a demodulation technique for a multiplexed fiber Fizeau interferometer (FFI) and fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensor system using the discrete wavelet transform with signal processing enhancements. This simple and flexible demodulation technique determines the cavity length of FFI and the Bragg wavelength of FBG simultaneously and is especially suited for quasi-static measurements. We demonstrate this demodulation technique by performing some strain measurements, and a strain resolution of 1.0μϵ and an accuracy of 2.6μϵ are obtained. The maximum cross-talk of the sensor system is 6% of the applied strains.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. B. Lee, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 57 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Liu, G. F. Fernando, Y. J. Rao, D. A. Jackson, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, in Proc. SPIE 3042203 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Y. J. Rao, J. Jiang, and C. X. Zhou, Sens. Actuators, A 120, 354 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. G. Mallet, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 11, 674 (1989).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2003 (1)

B. Lee, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 57 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

T. Liu, G. F. Fernando, Y. J. Rao, D. A. Jackson, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, in Proc. SPIE 3042203 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1989 (1)

S. G. Mallet, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 11, 674 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Archambault, J. L.

Bennion, I.

T. Liu, G. F. Fernando, Y. J. Rao, D. A. Jackson, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, in Proc. SPIE 3042203 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Brady, G.

Fernando, G. F.

T. Liu, G. F. Fernando, Y. J. Rao, D. A. Jackson, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, in Proc. SPIE 3042203 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, D. A.

T. Liu, G. F. Fernando, Y. J. Rao, D. A. Jackson, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, in Proc. SPIE 3042203 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Brady, K. Kalli, D. J. Webb, D. A. Jackson, L. Reekie, and J. L. Archambault, Opt. Lett. 20, 1340 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, J.

Kalli, K.

Lee, B.

B. Lee, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 57 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, L.

Liu, T.

J. Jiang, T. Liu, Y. Zhang, L. Liu, Y. Zha, F. Zhang, Y. Wang, and P. Long, Opt. Lett. 30, 604 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Liu, G. F. Fernando, Y. J. Rao, D. A. Jackson, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, in Proc. SPIE 3042203 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Long, P.

Mallet, S. G.

S. G. Mallet, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 11, 674 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Rao, Y. J.

Y. J. Rao, J. Jiang, and C. X. Zhou, Sens. Actuators, A 120, 354 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Liu, G. F. Fernando, Y. J. Rao, D. A. Jackson, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, in Proc. SPIE 3042203 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Reekie, L.

Wang, Y.

Webb, D. J.

Zha, Y.

Zhang, F.

Zhang, L.

T. Liu, G. F. Fernando, Y. J. Rao, D. A. Jackson, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, in Proc. SPIE 3042203 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

Zhou, C. X.

Y. J. Rao, J. Jiang, and C. X. Zhou, Sens. Actuators, A 120, 354 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. (1)

S. G. Mallet, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 11, 674 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

B. Lee, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 57 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

T. Liu, G. F. Fernando, Y. J. Rao, D. A. Jackson, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, in Proc. SPIE 3042203 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators, A (1)

Y. J. Rao, J. Jiang, and C. X. Zhou, Sens. Actuators, A 120, 354 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the sensor system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Second-level approximation coefficients; (b) and (c) magnifications of (a) around the Bragg wavelength peaks.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) and (b) Fifth- and Sixth-level detail coefficients for the two FFIs; (c) and (d) FT magnitude spectra of (a) and (b).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Cross-talk measurements of (a) FBGs due to FFIs and (b) FFIs due to FBGs.

Equations (4)

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I ( λ ) = A ( λ ) { G ( λ ) r 1 r 2 [ 1 + V S ( λ ) cos ( 4 π d λ ) ] + R B exp [ ( λ λ B ) 2 2 δ λ B 2 ] } ,
f ( t ) = m c j 0 ( m ) ϕ j 0 , m ( t ) + m j = j 0 d j ( m ) ψ j , m ( t ) ,
c j ( m ) = f ( t ) , ϕ j , m ( t ) = f ( t ) , ϕ j , m ( t ) d t
d j ( m ) = f ( t ) , ψ j , m ( t ) = f ( t ) , ψ j , m ( t ) d t

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