Abstract

A two-dimensional optical spectrometer is demonstrated using simple optical components. This spectrometer is based on ultrafast two-dimensional (2D) frequency-dispersed pump–probe spectroscopy and can be used for single-shot correlation spectroscopy. To demonstrate functionality of this device, we measure the 2D correlation spectrum of atomic rubidium.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. D. Hybl, A. A. Ferro, and D. M. Jonas, J. Chem. Phys. 115, 6606 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. M. Jonas, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 54, 397 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5258 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. C. Asplund, M. T. Zanni, and R. M. Hochstrasser, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97, 8219 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. T. Zanni, N-H. Ge, Y. S. Kim, and R. M. Hochstrasser, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98, 11265 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. P. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, Science 300, 1553 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. E. C. Fulmer, P. Mukherjee, A. T. Krummel, and M. T. Zanni, J. Chem. Phys. 120, 8067 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. F. DeCamp and A. Tokmakoff, Opt. Lett. 30, 1818 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. R. Fetterman, J. C. Davis, D. Goswami, W. Yang, and W. S. Warren, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3984 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2005

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, Nature 434, 625 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. DeCamp and A. Tokmakoff, Opt. Lett. 30, 1818 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

E. C. Fulmer, P. Mukherjee, A. T. Krummel, and M. T. Zanni, J. Chem. Phys. 120, 8067 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Cervetto, J. Helbing, J. Bredenbeck, and P. Hamm, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 5935 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 362 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

J. Brendenbeck, J. Helbing, R. Behrendt, C. Renner, L. Moroder, J. Wachteveitl, and P. Hamm, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 8654 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, Science 300, 1553 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. Jonas, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 54, 397 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5258 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

J. D. Hybl, A. A. Ferro, and D. M. Jonas, J. Chem. Phys. 115, 6606 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Merchant, D. E. Thompson, and M. D. Fayer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3899 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Zanni, N-H. Ge, Y. S. Kim, and R. M. Hochstrasser, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98, 11265 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

M. C. Asplund, M. T. Zanni, and R. M. Hochstrasser, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97, 8219 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

M. R. Fetterman, J. C. Davis, D. Goswami, W. Yang, and W. S. Warren, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3984 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Asplund, M. C.

M. C. Asplund, M. T. Zanni, and R. M. Hochstrasser, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97, 8219 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Behrendt, R.

J. Brendenbeck, J. Helbing, R. Behrendt, C. Renner, L. Moroder, J. Wachteveitl, and P. Hamm, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 8654 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Blankenship, R. E.

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, Nature 434, 625 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bredenbeck, J.

V. Cervetto, J. Helbing, J. Bredenbeck, and P. Hamm, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 5935 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brendenbeck, J.

J. Brendenbeck, J. Helbing, R. Behrendt, C. Renner, L. Moroder, J. Wachteveitl, and P. Hamm, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 8654 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brixner, T.

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, Nature 434, 625 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cervetto, V.

V. Cervetto, J. Helbing, J. Bredenbeck, and P. Hamm, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 5935 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cho, M.

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, Nature 434, 625 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cowan, M. L.

M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Davis, J. C.

M. R. Fetterman, J. C. Davis, D. Goswami, W. Yang, and W. S. Warren, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3984 (1999).
[CrossRef]

DeCamp, M. F.

Demirdoven, N.

M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 362 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5258 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fayer, M. D.

K. A. Merchant, D. E. Thompson, and M. D. Fayer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3899 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferro, A. A.

J. D. Hybl, A. A. Ferro, and D. M. Jonas, J. Chem. Phys. 115, 6606 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fetterman, M. R.

M. R. Fetterman, J. C. Davis, D. Goswami, W. Yang, and W. S. Warren, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3984 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fleming, G. R.

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, Nature 434, 625 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fulmer, E. C.

E. C. Fulmer, P. Mukherjee, A. T. Krummel, and M. T. Zanni, J. Chem. Phys. 120, 8067 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ge, N-H.

M. T. Zanni, N-H. Ge, Y. S. Kim, and R. M. Hochstrasser, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98, 11265 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goswami, D.

M. R. Fetterman, J. C. Davis, D. Goswami, W. Yang, and W. S. Warren, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3984 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hamm, P.

V. Cervetto, J. Helbing, J. Bredenbeck, and P. Hamm, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 5935 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Brendenbeck, J. Helbing, R. Behrendt, C. Renner, L. Moroder, J. Wachteveitl, and P. Hamm, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 8654 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Helbing, J.

V. Cervetto, J. Helbing, J. Bredenbeck, and P. Hamm, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 5935 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Brendenbeck, J. Helbing, R. Behrendt, C. Renner, L. Moroder, J. Wachteveitl, and P. Hamm, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 8654 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hochstrasser, R. M.

M. T. Zanni, N-H. Ge, Y. S. Kim, and R. M. Hochstrasser, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98, 11265 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Asplund, M. T. Zanni, and R. M. Hochstrasser, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97, 8219 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hybl, J. D.

J. D. Hybl, A. A. Ferro, and D. M. Jonas, J. Chem. Phys. 115, 6606 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jonas, D. M.

D. M. Jonas, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 54, 397 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Hybl, A. A. Ferro, and D. M. Jonas, J. Chem. Phys. 115, 6606 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Keusters, D.

P. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, Science 300, 1553 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khalil, M.

M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 362 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5258 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y. S.

M. T. Zanni, N-H. Ge, Y. S. Kim, and R. M. Hochstrasser, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98, 11265 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krummel, A. T.

E. C. Fulmer, P. Mukherjee, A. T. Krummel, and M. T. Zanni, J. Chem. Phys. 120, 8067 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Merchant, K. A.

K. A. Merchant, D. E. Thompson, and M. D. Fayer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3899 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miller, R. J. D.

M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moroder, L.

J. Brendenbeck, J. Helbing, R. Behrendt, C. Renner, L. Moroder, J. Wachteveitl, and P. Hamm, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 8654 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mukherjee, P.

E. C. Fulmer, P. Mukherjee, A. T. Krummel, and M. T. Zanni, J. Chem. Phys. 120, 8067 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ogilvie, J. P.

M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Renner, C.

J. Brendenbeck, J. Helbing, R. Behrendt, C. Renner, L. Moroder, J. Wachteveitl, and P. Hamm, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 8654 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Stenger, J.

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, Nature 434, 625 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suzaki, Y.

P. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, Science 300, 1553 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thompson, D. E.

K. A. Merchant, D. E. Thompson, and M. D. Fayer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3899 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tian, P.

P. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, Science 300, 1553 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tokmakoff, A.

M. F. DeCamp and A. Tokmakoff, Opt. Lett. 30, 1818 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 362 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5258 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vaswani, H. M.

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, Nature 434, 625 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wachteveitl, J.

J. Brendenbeck, J. Helbing, R. Behrendt, C. Renner, L. Moroder, J. Wachteveitl, and P. Hamm, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 8654 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Warren, W. S.

P. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, Science 300, 1553 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. R. Fetterman, J. C. Davis, D. Goswami, W. Yang, and W. S. Warren, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3984 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yang, W.

M. R. Fetterman, J. C. Davis, D. Goswami, W. Yang, and W. S. Warren, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3984 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zanni, M. T.

E. C. Fulmer, P. Mukherjee, A. T. Krummel, and M. T. Zanni, J. Chem. Phys. 120, 8067 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Zanni, N-H. Ge, Y. S. Kim, and R. M. Hochstrasser, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98, 11265 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Asplund, M. T. Zanni, and R. M. Hochstrasser, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97, 8219 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem.

D. M. Jonas, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 54, 397 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

M. L. Cowan, J. P. Ogilvie, and R. J. D. Miller, Chem. Phys. Lett. 386, 184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

J. D. Hybl, A. A. Ferro, and D. M. Jonas, J. Chem. Phys. 115, 6606 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Cervetto, J. Helbing, J. Bredenbeck, and P. Hamm, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 5935 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, J. Chem. Phys. 121, 362 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. C. Fulmer, P. Mukherjee, A. T. Krummel, and M. T. Zanni, J. Chem. Phys. 120, 8067 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. A

M. Khalil, N. Demirdoven, and A. Tokmakoff, J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5258 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B

J. Brendenbeck, J. Helbing, R. Behrendt, C. Renner, L. Moroder, J. Wachteveitl, and P. Hamm, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 8654 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nature

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, and G. R. Fleming, Nature 434, 625 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

M. R. Fetterman, J. C. Davis, D. Goswami, W. Yang, and W. S. Warren, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3984 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Merchant, D. E. Thompson, and M. D. Fayer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3899 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.

M. C. Asplund, M. T. Zanni, and R. M. Hochstrasser, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97, 8219 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Zanni, N-H. Ge, Y. S. Kim, and R. M. Hochstrasser, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98, 11265 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

P. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, Science 300, 1553 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: G, grating; L, spherical mirror; CL, cylindrical lens.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Projection of the probe spectrum with the Rb absorption lines labeled. (b) A 20 s image of the transmitted probe spectrum. The observed vertical striations are due to the laser mode imperfections in the probe beam. Left: Rb energy level diagram. The solid (dashed) curves are transitions that are within (outside) the laser bandwidth.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Differential transmission image of Rb with skewed frequency axes. The color bar indicates percentage differential transmission. (b) Differential 2D correlation spectrum with corrected axes. (c) D 1 diagonal peak. Square boxes represent individual pixels on the CCD camera.

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