Abstract

Spectral properties of photoinduced fiber Bragg gratings written in germanosilicate fibers and subjected to hydrogen loading at a pressure of 150170MPa have been studied. It was observed, for the first time to our knowledge, that hydrogen dissolution in the glass network at such high pressures leads not only to a Bragg wavelength shift but also to a considerable alteration of the grating reflectivity. The relative magnitude of the latter effect is independent of the dissolved hydrogen concentration and is defined mainly by the core glass properties and the UV-irradiation conditions. The alteration of the grating reflectivity observed experimentally is explained by increased solubility of molecular hydrogen in UV-exposed germanosilicate glass.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Stone, J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 712 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2005

S. A. Vasiliev, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. V. Koltashev, V. O. Sokolov, S. N. Klyamkin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, A. R. Malosiev, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 35, 278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1997

1994

B. Malo, J. Albert, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, and D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 30, 442 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991

P. J. Lemaire, Opt. Eng. 30, 780 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1987

J. Stone, J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 712 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Albert, J.

B. Malo, J. Albert, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, and D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 30, 442 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Atkins, R. M.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bayon, J. F.

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bernage, P.

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bilodeau, F.

B. Malo, J. Albert, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, and D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 30, 442 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

S. A. Vasiliev, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. V. Koltashev, V. O. Sokolov, S. N. Klyamkin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, A. R. Malosiev, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 35, 278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, Yu. N. Pyrkov, N. H. Ky, H. G. Limberger, and R. P. Salathe, Opt. Lett. 22, 1754 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Vasiliev, V. G. Plotnichenko, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. V. Koltashev, V. O. Sokolov, O. I. Medvedkov, and E. M. Dianov, in CD-ROM of the Bragg Gratings, Poling & Photosensitivity/30th Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (BGPP/ACOFT'2005) (Optical Fibre Technology Centre, 2005), p. 451.

Douay, M.

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Georges, T.

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

B. Malo, J. Albert, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, and D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 30, 442 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. C.

B. Malo, J. Albert, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, and D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 30, 442 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Klyamkin, S. N.

S. A. Vasiliev, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. V. Koltashev, V. O. Sokolov, S. N. Klyamkin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, A. R. Malosiev, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 35, 278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Koltashev, V. V.

S. A. Vasiliev, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. V. Koltashev, V. O. Sokolov, S. N. Klyamkin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, A. R. Malosiev, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 35, 278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, Yu. N. Pyrkov, N. H. Ky, H. G. Limberger, and R. P. Salathe, Opt. Lett. 22, 1754 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Vasiliev, V. G. Plotnichenko, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. V. Koltashev, V. O. Sokolov, O. I. Medvedkov, and E. M. Dianov, in CD-ROM of the Bragg Gratings, Poling & Photosensitivity/30th Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (BGPP/ACOFT'2005) (Optical Fibre Technology Centre, 2005), p. 451.

Ky, N. H.

Lemaire, P. J.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Lemaire, Opt. Eng. 30, 780 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Limberger, H. G.

Malo, B.

B. Malo, J. Albert, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, and D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 30, 442 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Malosiev, A. R.

S. A. Vasiliev, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. V. Koltashev, V. O. Sokolov, S. N. Klyamkin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, A. R. Malosiev, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 35, 278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Medvedkov, O. I.

S. A. Vasiliev, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. V. Koltashev, V. O. Sokolov, S. N. Klyamkin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, A. R. Malosiev, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 35, 278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Vasiliev, V. G. Plotnichenko, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. V. Koltashev, V. O. Sokolov, O. I. Medvedkov, and E. M. Dianov, in CD-ROM of the Bragg Gratings, Poling & Photosensitivity/30th Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (BGPP/ACOFT'2005) (Optical Fibre Technology Centre, 2005), p. 451.

Mizrahi, V.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Monerie, M.

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Niay, P.

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Plotnichenko, V. G.

S. A. Vasiliev, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. V. Koltashev, V. O. Sokolov, S. N. Klyamkin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, A. R. Malosiev, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 35, 278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, Yu. N. Pyrkov, N. H. Ky, H. G. Limberger, and R. P. Salathe, Opt. Lett. 22, 1754 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Vasiliev, V. G. Plotnichenko, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. V. Koltashev, V. O. Sokolov, O. I. Medvedkov, and E. M. Dianov, in CD-ROM of the Bragg Gratings, Poling & Photosensitivity/30th Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (BGPP/ACOFT'2005) (Optical Fibre Technology Centre, 2005), p. 451.

Poumellec, B.

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pyrkov, Yu. N.

Reed, W. A.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rybaltovskii, A. O.

S. A. Vasiliev, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. V. Koltashev, V. O. Sokolov, S. N. Klyamkin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, A. R. Malosiev, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 35, 278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Vasiliev, V. G. Plotnichenko, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. V. Koltashev, V. O. Sokolov, O. I. Medvedkov, and E. M. Dianov, in CD-ROM of the Bragg Gratings, Poling & Photosensitivity/30th Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (BGPP/ACOFT'2005) (Optical Fibre Technology Centre, 2005), p. 451.

Rybaltovsky, A. A.

S. A. Vasiliev, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. V. Koltashev, V. O. Sokolov, S. N. Klyamkin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, A. R. Malosiev, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 35, 278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Salathe, R. P.

Sokolov, V. O.

S. A. Vasiliev, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. V. Koltashev, V. O. Sokolov, S. N. Klyamkin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, A. R. Malosiev, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 35, 278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Vasiliev, V. G. Plotnichenko, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. V. Koltashev, V. O. Sokolov, O. I. Medvedkov, and E. M. Dianov, in CD-ROM of the Bragg Gratings, Poling & Photosensitivity/30th Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (BGPP/ACOFT'2005) (Optical Fibre Technology Centre, 2005), p. 451.

Stone, J.

J. Stone, J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 712 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Vasiliev, S. A.

S. A. Vasiliev, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. V. Koltashev, V. O. Sokolov, S. N. Klyamkin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, A. R. Malosiev, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 35, 278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Vasiliev, V. G. Plotnichenko, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. V. Koltashev, V. O. Sokolov, O. I. Medvedkov, and E. M. Dianov, in CD-ROM of the Bragg Gratings, Poling & Photosensitivity/30th Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (BGPP/ACOFT'2005) (Optical Fibre Technology Centre, 2005), p. 451.

Xie, W. X.

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, Electron. Lett. 29, 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

B. Malo, J. Albert, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, and D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 30, 442 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Stone, J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 712 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

W. X. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. F. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

P. J. Lemaire, Opt. Eng. 30, 780 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Quantum Electron.

S. A. Vasiliev, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. V. Koltashev, V. O. Sokolov, S. N. Klyamkin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, A. R. Malosiev, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 35, 278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other

S. A. Vasiliev, V. G. Plotnichenko, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. V. Koltashev, V. O. Sokolov, O. I. Medvedkov, and E. M. Dianov, in CD-ROM of the Bragg Gratings, Poling & Photosensitivity/30th Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (BGPP/ACOFT'2005) (Optical Fibre Technology Centre, 2005), p. 451.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Dose dependences of the modulation amplitude of the induced refractive index.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission spectra of FBGs written in fiber B measured before H 2 loading and 5 and 25 h after the end of H 2 loading. For ease of comparison two spectra are displaced along the Y axis.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Bragg wavelength shift measured during H 2 outdiffusion from the fibers. The curves for the two gratings written in each fiber coincide with the experimental accuracy.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

H 2 -induced variation of the FBG modulation amplitude versus the H 2 -induced mean index change.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Parameters of the Tested FBGs Before and After H 2 Loading

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