Abstract

We take advantage of nonlinear properties associated with χ(3) tensor elements in BaF2 cubic crystal to improve the temporal contrast of femtosecond laser pulses. The technique presented is based on cross-polarized wave (XPW) generation. We have obtained a transmission efficiency of 10% and 1010 contrast with an input pulse in the millijoule range. This filter does not affect the spectral shape or the phase of the cleaned pulse. It also acts as an efficient spatial filter. In this method the contrast enhancement is limited only by the extinction ratio of the polarization discrimination device.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J. P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultrafast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany, 2001), p. 16.
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    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Homoelle, A. L. Gaeta, V. Yanovsky, and G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 27, 1646 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. L. Tapie and G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 17, 136 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Beaudoin, C. Y. Chien, J. S. Coe, J. L. Tapie, and G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 17, 865 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. Cheriaux, M. Traff, T. Planchon, F. Auge, J. P. Chambaret, and G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 45, paper CMJ4.
  8. A. Renault, F. Auge-Rochereau, T. Planchon, P. d’Oliveira, T. Auguste, G. Cheriaux, and J.-P. Chambaret, "ASE contrast improvement with a non-linear filtering Sagnac inter-ferometer," Opt. Commun. (to be published) [available online, doi: 10.1016/j.optcom.2004.12.038].
  9. A. Jullien, F. Auge-Rochereau, G. Cheriaux, J. P. Chambaret, P. d’Oliveira, T. Auguste, and F. Falcoz, Opt. Lett. 29, 2184 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. R. DeSalvo, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Sheik-Bahae, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1324 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (3)

2002 (2)

1998 (2)

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe, Opt. Commun. 148, 70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

R. DeSalvo, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Sheik-Bahae, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

Albert, O.

Auge, F.

G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J. P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultrafast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany, 2001), p. 16.

G. Cheriaux, M. Traff, T. Planchon, F. Auge, J. P. Chambaret, and G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 45, paper CMJ4.

Auge-Rochereau, F.

A. Jullien, F. Auge-Rochereau, G. Cheriaux, J. P. Chambaret, P. d’Oliveira, T. Auguste, and F. Falcoz, Opt. Lett. 29, 2184 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Renault, F. Auge-Rochereau, T. Planchon, P. d’Oliveira, T. Auguste, G. Cheriaux, and J.-P. Chambaret, "ASE contrast improvement with a non-linear filtering Sagnac inter-ferometer," Opt. Commun. (to be published) [available online, doi: 10.1016/j.optcom.2004.12.038].

Auguste, T.

A. Jullien, F. Auge-Rochereau, G. Cheriaux, J. P. Chambaret, P. d’Oliveira, T. Auguste, and F. Falcoz, Opt. Lett. 29, 2184 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Renault, F. Auge-Rochereau, T. Planchon, P. d’Oliveira, T. Auguste, G. Cheriaux, and J.-P. Chambaret, "ASE contrast improvement with a non-linear filtering Sagnac inter-ferometer," Opt. Commun. (to be published) [available online, doi: 10.1016/j.optcom.2004.12.038].

Beaudoin, Y.

Bouvier, M.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Buma, T.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chambaret, J. P.

A. Jullien, F. Auge-Rochereau, G. Cheriaux, J. P. Chambaret, P. d’Oliveira, T. Auguste, and F. Falcoz, Opt. Lett. 29, 2184 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J. P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultrafast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany, 2001), p. 16.

G. Cheriaux, M. Traff, T. Planchon, F. Auge, J. P. Chambaret, and G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 45, paper CMJ4.

Chambaret, J.-P.

A. Renault, F. Auge-Rochereau, T. Planchon, P. d’Oliveira, T. Auguste, G. Cheriaux, and J.-P. Chambaret, "ASE contrast improvement with a non-linear filtering Sagnac inter-ferometer," Opt. Commun. (to be published) [available online, doi: 10.1016/j.optcom.2004.12.038].

Cheriaux, G.

A. Jullien, F. Auge-Rochereau, G. Cheriaux, J. P. Chambaret, P. d’Oliveira, T. Auguste, and F. Falcoz, Opt. Lett. 29, 2184 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J. P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultrafast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany, 2001), p. 16.

A. Renault, F. Auge-Rochereau, T. Planchon, P. d’Oliveira, T. Auguste, G. Cheriaux, and J.-P. Chambaret, "ASE contrast improvement with a non-linear filtering Sagnac inter-ferometer," Opt. Commun. (to be published) [available online, doi: 10.1016/j.optcom.2004.12.038].

G. Cheriaux, M. Traff, T. Planchon, F. Auge, J. P. Chambaret, and G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 45, paper CMJ4.

Chien, C. Y.

Coe, J. S.

d’Oliveira, P.

A. Jullien, F. Auge-Rochereau, G. Cheriaux, J. P. Chambaret, P. d’Oliveira, T. Auguste, and F. Falcoz, Opt. Lett. 29, 2184 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Renault, F. Auge-Rochereau, T. Planchon, P. d’Oliveira, T. Auguste, G. Cheriaux, and J.-P. Chambaret, "ASE contrast improvement with a non-linear filtering Sagnac inter-ferometer," Opt. Commun. (to be published) [available online, doi: 10.1016/j.optcom.2004.12.038].

DeSalvo, R.

R. DeSalvo, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Sheik-Bahae, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Etchepare, J.

Falcoz, F.

Faure, J.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe, Opt. Commun. 148, 70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

Hagan, D. J.

R. DeSalvo, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Sheik-Bahae, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, J.

Homoelle, D.

Husakou, A.

Itatani, J.

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe, Opt. Commun. 148, 70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jullien, A.

Kalashnikov, M. P.

Kaplan, D.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Minkovski, N.

Mourou, G.

D. Homoelle, A. L. Gaeta, V. Yanovsky, and G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 27, 1646 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe, Opt. Commun. 148, 70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Tapie and G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 17, 136 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Y. Beaudoin, C. Y. Chien, J. S. Coe, J. L. Tapie, and G. Mourou, Opt. Lett. 17, 865 (1992).
[CrossRef]

G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J. P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultrafast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany, 2001), p. 16.

G. Cheriaux, M. Traff, T. Planchon, F. Auge, J. P. Chambaret, and G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 45, paper CMJ4.

Nantel, M.

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe, Opt. Commun. 148, 70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nees, J.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, G. I.

Planchon, T.

G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J. P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultrafast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany, 2001), p. 16.

A. Renault, F. Auge-Rochereau, T. Planchon, P. d’Oliveira, T. Auguste, G. Cheriaux, and J.-P. Chambaret, "ASE contrast improvement with a non-linear filtering Sagnac inter-ferometer," Opt. Commun. (to be published) [available online, doi: 10.1016/j.optcom.2004.12.038].

G. Cheriaux, M. Traff, T. Planchon, F. Auge, J. P. Chambaret, and G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 45, paper CMJ4.

Pronko, P.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Renault, A.

A. Renault, F. Auge-Rochereau, T. Planchon, P. d’Oliveira, T. Auguste, G. Cheriaux, and J.-P. Chambaret, "ASE contrast improvement with a non-linear filtering Sagnac inter-ferometer," Opt. Commun. (to be published) [available online, doi: 10.1016/j.optcom.2004.12.038].

Risse, E.

Said, A. A.

R. DeSalvo, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Sheik-Bahae, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Saltiel, S. M.

Sandner, W.

Schönnagel, H.

Sheik-Bahae, M.

R. DeSalvo, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Sheik-Bahae, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tapie, J. L.

Tien, A. C.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Traff, M.

G. Cheriaux, M. Traff, T. Planchon, F. Auge, J. P. Chambaret, and G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 45, paper CMJ4.

Umstadter, D.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Van Rompay, P.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E. W.

R. DeSalvo, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Sheik-Bahae, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, S.

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe, Opt. Commun. 148, 70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yanovsky, V.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Rompay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, and G. Mourou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 449 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. DeSalvo, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, and M. Sheik-Bahae, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe, Opt. Commun. 148, 70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Other (3)

G. Cheriaux, T. Planchon, F. Auge, G. Mourou, and J. P. Chambaret, in Proceedings of Ultrafast Optics 2001 (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany, 2001), p. 16.

G. Cheriaux, M. Traff, T. Planchon, F. Auge, J. P. Chambaret, and G. Mourou, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 45, paper CMJ4.

A. Renault, F. Auge-Rochereau, T. Planchon, P. d’Oliveira, T. Auguste, G. Cheriaux, and J.-P. Chambaret, "ASE contrast improvement with a non-linear filtering Sagnac inter-ferometer," Opt. Commun. (to be published) [available online, doi: 10.1016/j.optcom.2004.12.038].

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Third-order correlation curves before (lighter curve) and after (darker curve) filtering. For these measurements the energy seeded in the correlator was 120 μ J . For this energy level the correlator noise was 10 11 .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Phase profile of the pulse after filtering. The input energy is 150 μ J , and the conversion efficiency is 10%.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Horizontal and (b) vertical cuts of the spatial beam profile before (dotted curves) and after (solid curves) filtering. The input energy is 1.2 mJ , and the conversion efficiency is 10%.

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