A general theoretical approach to the description of light propagating through turbid media is proposed. The theory is a modification of the two-flux model of Kubelka–Munk (KM), extending its applicability to media systems containing an absorptive component. The modified KM model takes into account the influence of internal scattering on the total path length and accommodates a wide range of absorption influences. Experimental results obtained for dyed-paper systems illuminated by diffuse light are demonstrated to be qualitatively and quantitatively reproduced by the theory.
© 2005 Optical Society of America
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