Abstract

For the first time to the authors’ knowledge, laser activity has been achieved in low-phonon-energy, moisture-resistant bromide host crystals, neodymium-doped potassium lead bromide (Nd3+:KPb2Br5) and rubidium lead bromide (Nd3+:RbPb2Br5; RPB). Laser activity at 1.07μm was observed for both crystalline materials. Laser operation at the new wavelengths 1.18 and 0.97μm that resulted from the F524+H922IJ4 transitions (J=132 and J=112) in Nd:RPB was achieved in a solid-state laser material. Rare-earth-doped MPb2Br5 (M=K,Rb) is a promising candidate for long-wavelength infrared applications because of its low phonon frequencies and other favorable features. In principle, Nd3+:MPb2Br5 has high potential for laser operation at new wavelengths as well as for the achievement of short-wavelength lasing as a result of upconversion.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Rademaker, W. F. Krupke, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, K. Petermann, G. Huber, A. P. Yelisseyev, L. I. Isaenko, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, K. C. Mandal, and K. Nitsch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 2117 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. A. Kaminskii, Crystalline Lasers:?Physical Processes and Operating Schemes (CRC Press, New York, 1996).
  3. M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, L. I. Isaenko, and A. P. Yelisseyev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 264 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, P. G. Schunemann, and L. I. Isaenko, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 459–463.
  5. M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, P. G. Schunemann, and L. I. Isaenko, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 441–449.
  6. S. R. Bowman, S. K. Searles, N. W. Jenkins, S. B. Qadri, E. F. Skelton, and J. Ganem, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2001) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 557–558.
  7. K. Rademaker, G. Huber, S. A. Payne, E. Osiac, and L. I. Isaenko, “Optical pump–probe processes and depopulation mechanisms of the lower laser levels in Nd3+-doped KPb2Br5, RbPb2Br5, and KPb2Cl5,” submitted to J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.

2004 (1)

2001 (1)

Bowman, S. R.

S. R. Bowman, S. K. Searles, N. W. Jenkins, S. B. Qadri, E. F. Skelton, and J. Ganem, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2001) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 557–558.

Burger, A.

Ganem, J.

S. R. Bowman, S. K. Searles, N. W. Jenkins, S. B. Qadri, E. F. Skelton, and J. Ganem, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2001) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 557–558.

Huber, G.

K. Rademaker, W. F. Krupke, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, K. Petermann, G. Huber, A. P. Yelisseyev, L. I. Isaenko, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, K. C. Mandal, and K. Nitsch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 2117 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Rademaker, G. Huber, S. A. Payne, E. Osiac, and L. I. Isaenko, “Optical pump–probe processes and depopulation mechanisms of the lower laser levels in Nd3+-doped KPb2Br5, RbPb2Br5, and KPb2Cl5,” submitted to J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.

Isaenko, L. I.

K. Rademaker, W. F. Krupke, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, K. Petermann, G. Huber, A. P. Yelisseyev, L. I. Isaenko, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, K. C. Mandal, and K. Nitsch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 2117 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, L. I. Isaenko, and A. P. Yelisseyev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 264 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, P. G. Schunemann, and L. I. Isaenko, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 459–463.

K. Rademaker, G. Huber, S. A. Payne, E. Osiac, and L. I. Isaenko, “Optical pump–probe processes and depopulation mechanisms of the lower laser levels in Nd3+-doped KPb2Br5, RbPb2Br5, and KPb2Cl5,” submitted to J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.

M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, P. G. Schunemann, and L. I. Isaenko, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 441–449.

Jenkins, N. W.

S. R. Bowman, S. K. Searles, N. W. Jenkins, S. B. Qadri, E. F. Skelton, and J. Ganem, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2001) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 557–558.

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, Crystalline Lasers:?Physical Processes and Operating Schemes (CRC Press, New York, 1996).

Krupke, W. F.

K. Rademaker, W. F. Krupke, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, K. Petermann, G. Huber, A. P. Yelisseyev, L. I. Isaenko, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, K. C. Mandal, and K. Nitsch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 2117 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, P. G. Schunemann, and L. I. Isaenko, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 459–463.

M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, P. G. Schunemann, and L. I. Isaenko, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 441–449.

Mandal, K. C.

Nitsch, K.

Nostrand, M. C.

M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, L. I. Isaenko, and A. P. Yelisseyev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 264 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, P. G. Schunemann, and L. I. Isaenko, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 459–463.

M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, P. G. Schunemann, and L. I. Isaenko, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 441–449.

Osiac, E.

K. Rademaker, G. Huber, S. A. Payne, E. Osiac, and L. I. Isaenko, “Optical pump–probe processes and depopulation mechanisms of the lower laser levels in Nd3+-doped KPb2Br5, RbPb2Br5, and KPb2Cl5,” submitted to J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.

Page, R. H.

K. Rademaker, W. F. Krupke, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, K. Petermann, G. Huber, A. P. Yelisseyev, L. I. Isaenko, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, K. C. Mandal, and K. Nitsch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 2117 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, L. I. Isaenko, and A. P. Yelisseyev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 264 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, P. G. Schunemann, and L. I. Isaenko, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 459–463.

M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, P. G. Schunemann, and L. I. Isaenko, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 441–449.

Payne, S. A.

K. Rademaker, W. F. Krupke, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, K. Petermann, G. Huber, A. P. Yelisseyev, L. I. Isaenko, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, K. C. Mandal, and K. Nitsch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 2117 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, L. I. Isaenko, and A. P. Yelisseyev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 264 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, P. G. Schunemann, and L. I. Isaenko, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 459–463.

M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, P. G. Schunemann, and L. I. Isaenko, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 441–449.

K. Rademaker, G. Huber, S. A. Payne, E. Osiac, and L. I. Isaenko, “Optical pump–probe processes and depopulation mechanisms of the lower laser levels in Nd3+-doped KPb2Br5, RbPb2Br5, and KPb2Cl5,” submitted to J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.

Petermann, K.

Qadri, S. B.

S. R. Bowman, S. K. Searles, N. W. Jenkins, S. B. Qadri, E. F. Skelton, and J. Ganem, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2001) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 557–558.

Rademaker, K.

K. Rademaker, W. F. Krupke, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, K. Petermann, G. Huber, A. P. Yelisseyev, L. I. Isaenko, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, K. C. Mandal, and K. Nitsch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 2117 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Rademaker, G. Huber, S. A. Payne, E. Osiac, and L. I. Isaenko, “Optical pump–probe processes and depopulation mechanisms of the lower laser levels in Nd3+-doped KPb2Br5, RbPb2Br5, and KPb2Cl5,” submitted to J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.

Roy, U. N.

Schunemann, P. G.

M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, P. G. Schunemann, and L. I. Isaenko, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 459–463.

M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, P. G. Schunemann, and L. I. Isaenko, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 441–449.

Searles, S. K.

S. R. Bowman, S. K. Searles, N. W. Jenkins, S. B. Qadri, E. F. Skelton, and J. Ganem, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2001) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 557–558.

Skelton, E. F.

S. R. Bowman, S. K. Searles, N. W. Jenkins, S. B. Qadri, E. F. Skelton, and J. Ganem, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2001) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 557–558.

Yelisseyev, A. P.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Other (5)

M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, P. G. Schunemann, and L. I. Isaenko, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 459–463.

M. C. Nostrand, R. H. Page, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, P. G. Schunemann, and L. I. Isaenko, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 441–449.

S. R. Bowman, S. K. Searles, N. W. Jenkins, S. B. Qadri, E. F. Skelton, and J. Ganem, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2001) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. 557–558.

K. Rademaker, G. Huber, S. A. Payne, E. Osiac, and L. I. Isaenko, “Optical pump–probe processes and depopulation mechanisms of the lower laser levels in Nd3+-doped KPb2Br5, RbPb2Br5, and KPb2Cl5,” submitted to J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.

A. A. Kaminskii, Crystalline Lasers:?Physical Processes and Operating Schemes (CRC Press, New York, 1996).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption and emission spectra of Nd 3 + -doped M Pb 2 Br 5 ( M = K , Rb ) show peaks assigned to transitions of the Nd 3 + ion. The blackbody-corrected room-temperature emission spectra were obtained by excitation of the F 7 2 4 level. Compared with that of K Pb 2 Cl 5 : Nd 3 + ,[3] the more intense fluorescence from the F 5 2 4 level ( = F 5 2 4 + H 9 2 2 level) that is due to the low multiphonon decay rate was encouraging for achieving laser activity at new wavelengths.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Input–output characteristics for an optical parametric oscillator pumped Nd:KPB crystal lasing at 1.07 μ m and a Nd:RPB crystal lasing at 1.07 and 1.18 μ m . The slope efficiency is given for output pulse energy with respect to absorbed pump energy. To achieve lasing at 1.07 μ m we directly pumped the F 3 2 4 level, whereas for 1.18   - μ m and 0.97 - μ m laser wavelengths the F 5 2 4 level was pumped. OC, output coupling.

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