Combining a dc and a short pulse as the probe beam in the pump–probe configuration of Brillouin-based distributed sensors allows us to represent the Brillouin spectrum as a top Lorentzian-like portion and a bottom Gaussian-like portion. Because of the interaction of these two parts, the Lorentzian-like portion carries spatial information that can be extracted within centimeter spatial resolution. Using this information, we develop a spectrum deconvolution method, which considers the location correlation of the strain distribution, to find the number of Brillouin peaks and their frequencies in the top Lorentzian-like portion and hence achieve accurate strain information. An optimum level of dc to pulse power for the best signal and position detection capability is discussed.
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