Abstract

We show that the use of periodically poled lithium niobate doped with Fe and Y ensures a considerable improvement in the quality of reconstructed images compared with the use of single-domain crystals. This improvement is due to inhibition of intermodulation noise and elimination of optical damage.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. L. Staebler, W. J. Burke, W. Phillips, and J. J. Amodei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 182 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. T. Sincerbox, in Holographic Data Storage, J. H. Coufal, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2000), pp. 3–59.
    [CrossRef]
  3. B. I. Sturman and V. M. Fridkin, Photovoltaic and Photorefractive Effects in Noncentrosymmetric Materials (Gordon & Breach, Philadelphia, 1992).
  4. A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dzedzich, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography (Academic, New York, 1971).
  6. R. M. Shelby, in Holographic Data Storage, J. H. Coufal, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2000), pp. 101–109.
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Odoulov, T. Tarabrova, A. Shumelyuk, I. I. Naumova, and T. O. Chaplina, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3294 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, I. Naumova, F. Agulló-López, G. Calvo, E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, and V. Pruneri, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4021 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Taya, M. C. Bashaw, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 21, 857 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. B. Sturman, M. Aguilar, F. Agulló-López, V. Pruneri, and P. Kazansky, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2641 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. I. Naumova, N. Evlanova, O. Gilko, and S. Larishchev, J. Cryst. Growth 181, 160 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. I. Naumova, N. F. Evlanova, S. A. Blokhin, and S. V. Larischev, J. Cryst. Growth 187, 102 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Imlau, T. Bieringer, S. Odoulov, and Th. Woike, in Nanoelectronics and Information Technology, R. Waser, ed. (Wiley-VCH, Berlin, 2003).

2001

M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, I. Naumova, F. Agulló-López, G. Calvo, E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, and V. Pruneri, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4021 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

S. Odoulov, T. Tarabrova, A. Shumelyuk, I. I. Naumova, and T. O. Chaplina, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3294 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

I. Naumova, N. F. Evlanova, S. A. Blokhin, and S. V. Larischev, J. Cryst. Growth 187, 102 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

B. Sturman, M. Aguilar, F. Agulló-López, V. Pruneri, and P. Kazansky, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2641 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. Naumova, N. Evlanova, O. Gilko, and S. Larishchev, J. Cryst. Growth 181, 160 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

1975

D. L. Staebler, W. J. Burke, W. Phillips, and J. J. Amodei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 182 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1966

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dzedzich, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Aguilar, M.

Agulló-López, F.

M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, I. Naumova, F. Agulló-López, G. Calvo, E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, and V. Pruneri, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4021 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. Sturman, M. Aguilar, F. Agulló-López, V. Pruneri, and P. Kazansky, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2641 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Amodei, J. J.

D. L. Staebler, W. J. Burke, W. Phillips, and J. J. Amodei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 182 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Ashkin, A.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dzedzich, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Ballman, A. A.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dzedzich, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Bashaw, M. C.

Bieringer, T.

M. Imlau, T. Bieringer, S. Odoulov, and Th. Woike, in Nanoelectronics and Information Technology, R. Waser, ed. (Wiley-VCH, Berlin, 2003).

Blokhin, S. A.

I. Naumova, N. F. Evlanova, S. A. Blokhin, and S. V. Larischev, J. Cryst. Growth 187, 102 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dzedzich, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Burckhardt, C. B.

R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography (Academic, New York, 1971).

Burke, W. J.

D. L. Staebler, W. J. Burke, W. Phillips, and J. J. Amodei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 182 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Calvo, G.

M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, I. Naumova, F. Agulló-López, G. Calvo, E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, and V. Pruneri, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4021 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chaplina, T. O.

S. Odoulov, T. Tarabrova, A. Shumelyuk, I. I. Naumova, and T. O. Chaplina, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3294 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Collier, R. J.

R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography (Academic, New York, 1971).

Dzedzich, J. M.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dzedzich, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Evlanova, N.

I. Naumova, N. Evlanova, O. Gilko, and S. Larishchev, J. Cryst. Growth 181, 160 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Evlanova, N. F.

I. Naumova, N. F. Evlanova, S. A. Blokhin, and S. V. Larischev, J. Cryst. Growth 187, 102 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Fridkin, V. M.

B. I. Sturman and V. M. Fridkin, Photovoltaic and Photorefractive Effects in Noncentrosymmetric Materials (Gordon & Breach, Philadelphia, 1992).

Gilko, O.

I. Naumova, N. Evlanova, O. Gilko, and S. Larishchev, J. Cryst. Growth 181, 160 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Goulkov, M.

M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, I. Naumova, F. Agulló-López, G. Calvo, E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, and V. Pruneri, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4021 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Imlau, M.

M. Imlau, T. Bieringer, S. Odoulov, and Th. Woike, in Nanoelectronics and Information Technology, R. Waser, ed. (Wiley-VCH, Berlin, 2003).

Kazansky, P.

Larischev, S. V.

I. Naumova, N. F. Evlanova, S. A. Blokhin, and S. V. Larischev, J. Cryst. Growth 187, 102 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Larishchev, S.

I. Naumova, N. Evlanova, O. Gilko, and S. Larishchev, J. Cryst. Growth 181, 160 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Levinstein, J. J.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dzedzich, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Lin, L. H.

R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography (Academic, New York, 1971).

Nassau, K.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dzedzich, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Naumova, I.

M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, I. Naumova, F. Agulló-López, G. Calvo, E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, and V. Pruneri, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4021 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. Naumova, N. F. Evlanova, S. A. Blokhin, and S. V. Larischev, J. Cryst. Growth 187, 102 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. Naumova, N. Evlanova, O. Gilko, and S. Larishchev, J. Cryst. Growth 181, 160 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Naumova, I. I.

S. Odoulov, T. Tarabrova, A. Shumelyuk, I. I. Naumova, and T. O. Chaplina, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3294 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Odoulov, S.

M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, I. Naumova, F. Agulló-López, G. Calvo, E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, and V. Pruneri, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4021 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Odoulov, T. Tarabrova, A. Shumelyuk, I. I. Naumova, and T. O. Chaplina, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3294 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Imlau, T. Bieringer, S. Odoulov, and Th. Woike, in Nanoelectronics and Information Technology, R. Waser, ed. (Wiley-VCH, Berlin, 2003).

Phillips, W.

D. L. Staebler, W. J. Burke, W. Phillips, and J. J. Amodei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 182 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Podivilov, E.

M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, I. Naumova, F. Agulló-López, G. Calvo, E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, and V. Pruneri, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4021 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pruneri, V.

M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, I. Naumova, F. Agulló-López, G. Calvo, E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, and V. Pruneri, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4021 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. Sturman, M. Aguilar, F. Agulló-López, V. Pruneri, and P. Kazansky, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2641 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shelby, R. M.

R. M. Shelby, in Holographic Data Storage, J. H. Coufal, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2000), pp. 101–109.
[CrossRef]

Shumelyuk, A.

S. Odoulov, T. Tarabrova, A. Shumelyuk, I. I. Naumova, and T. O. Chaplina, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3294 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sincerbox, G. T.

G. T. Sincerbox, in Holographic Data Storage, J. H. Coufal, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2000), pp. 3–59.
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. G.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dzedzich, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Staebler, D. L.

D. L. Staebler, W. J. Burke, W. Phillips, and J. J. Amodei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 182 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Sturman, B.

M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, I. Naumova, F. Agulló-López, G. Calvo, E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, and V. Pruneri, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4021 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. Sturman, M. Aguilar, F. Agulló-López, V. Pruneri, and P. Kazansky, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2641 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sturman, B. I.

B. I. Sturman and V. M. Fridkin, Photovoltaic and Photorefractive Effects in Noncentrosymmetric Materials (Gordon & Breach, Philadelphia, 1992).

Tarabrova, T.

S. Odoulov, T. Tarabrova, A. Shumelyuk, I. I. Naumova, and T. O. Chaplina, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3294 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taya, M.

Woike, Th.

M. Imlau, T. Bieringer, S. Odoulov, and Th. Woike, in Nanoelectronics and Information Technology, R. Waser, ed. (Wiley-VCH, Berlin, 2003).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

D. L. Staebler, W. J. Burke, W. Phillips, and J. J. Amodei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 182 (1975).
[CrossRef]

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dzedzich, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72 (1966).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth

I. Naumova, N. Evlanova, O. Gilko, and S. Larishchev, J. Cryst. Growth 181, 160 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. Naumova, N. F. Evlanova, S. A. Blokhin, and S. V. Larischev, J. Cryst. Growth 187, 102 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

S. Odoulov, T. Tarabrova, A. Shumelyuk, I. I. Naumova, and T. O. Chaplina, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3294 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, I. Naumova, F. Agulló-López, G. Calvo, E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, and V. Pruneri, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4021 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other

M. Imlau, T. Bieringer, S. Odoulov, and Th. Woike, in Nanoelectronics and Information Technology, R. Waser, ed. (Wiley-VCH, Berlin, 2003).

R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography (Academic, New York, 1971).

R. M. Shelby, in Holographic Data Storage, J. H. Coufal, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2000), pp. 101–109.
[CrossRef]

G. T. Sincerbox, in Holographic Data Storage, J. H. Coufal, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2000), pp. 3–59.
[CrossRef]

B. I. Sturman and V. M. Fridkin, Photovoltaic and Photorefractive Effects in Noncentrosymmetric Materials (Gordon & Breach, Philadelphia, 1992).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Sample geometry of the Li Nb O 3 sample and the holograms reconstructed from the sd and the pp areas for different exposure times.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Far-field intensity distribution for diffraction from the grating recorded in the sd and the pp areas for a recording angle of 0.46°.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Temporal evolution of the diffraction efficiency for 2 θ = 1.6 ° (diamonds), 3° (squares), and 6° (circles). Filled shapes, data for the sd area; open shapes, data for the pp area.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Normalized space-charge field determined from the experimental data versus grating spacing for the pp area (open circles). Dashed curve and solid line, dependences calculated for domain lattice spacings of 13 μ m (pp area) and ∞ (sd area), respectively. The gray field marks the range of image spatial frequencies.

Equations (1)

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E sc pp E sc sd = 1 2 Λ π L tanh ( π L 2 Λ ) ,

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