Abstract

We introduce a design procedure for hollow-core photonic bandgap (PBG) fiber with a cladding made of air–silica honeycomb photonic crystal (PC). It is found that air-guiding can be realized in both fundamental and secondary PBG regions of the cladding PC. Dispersion and radiation loss of the fundamental mode for two types of fiber structure are theoretically calculated. The fibers show promising waveguiding ability.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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2005

M. Yan and P. Shum, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 64 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

K. Saitoh and M. Koshiba, Opt. Express 11, 3100 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

2000

Albin, S.

Allan, D. C.

J. A. West, C. M. Smith, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Opt. Express 12, 1485 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barkou, S. E.

Bjarklev, A.

Borrelli, N. F.

J. A. West, C. M. Smith, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Opt. Express 12, 1485 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Broeng, J.

de Sterke, C. M.

Eggleton, B. J.

Gallagher, M. T.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guo, S.

Koch, K. W.

J. A. West, C. M. Smith, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Opt. Express 12, 1485 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koshiba, M.

Litchinitser, N. M.

Lu, C.

M. Yan, X. Yu, P. Shum, C. Lu, and Y. Zhu, Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2051 (2004).
[CrossRef]

McPhedran, R. C.

Müller, D.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rogowski, R. S.

Saitoh, K.

Shum, P.

M. Yan and P. Shum, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 64 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Yan, X. Yu, P. Shum, C. Lu, and Y. Zhu, Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2051 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Yan and P. Shum, “Leakage loss of air-guiding honeycomb photonic bandgap fiber,” to be presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Anaheim, California, 2005.

Smith, C. M.

J. A. West, C. M. Smith, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Opt. Express 12, 1485 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sødergaard, T.

Tai, H.

Venkataraman, N.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

West, J. A.

J. A. West, C. M. Smith, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Opt. Express 12, 1485 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

White, T. P.

Wu, F.

Yan, M.

M. Yan and P. Shum, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 64 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Yan, X. Yu, P. Shum, C. Lu, and Y. Zhu, Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2051 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Yan and P. Shum, “Leakage loss of air-guiding honeycomb photonic bandgap fiber,” to be presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Anaheim, California, 2005.

Yu, X.

M. Yan, X. Yu, P. Shum, C. Lu, and Y. Zhu, Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2051 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

M. Yan, X. Yu, P. Shum, C. Lu, and Y. Zhu, Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2051 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

M. Yan and P. Shum, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 64 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nature

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Photon. Technol. Lett.

M. Yan, X. Yu, P. Shum, C. Lu, and Y. Zhu, Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2051 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other

M. Yan and P. Shum, “Leakage loss of air-guiding honeycomb photonic bandgap fiber,” to be presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Anaheim, California, 2005.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Air-guiding PC fiber with rods-in-air cladding. Inset, cladding unit. (b) Air-guiding HPCF with honeycomb cladding. Inset, cladding unit.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Gap map calculated from a honeycomb cladding with d=0.5Λ and s=0.02Λ.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Sum of spans as pillar diameter d is varied.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Dispersion curve for a HPCF with s=0.05Λ, d=0.4Λ, and six cladding rings. The cladding’s fundamental PBG region is shaded in the background. (b) Radiation loss for the HPCF with six and eight cladding rings. Inset, HPCF with two cladding rings.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Dispersion curve for a HPCF with s=0.02Λ, d=0.5Λ, and six cladding rings. The cladding’s secondary PBG region is shaded in the background. (b) Radiation loss for the HPCF with four and six cladding rings. Inset, HPCF with two cladding rings.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Ex field for the HE11x-like fundamental mode supported by the fiber shown in Fig. 4. (b) Same field for the fiber shown in Fig. 5. Contour lines have 1-dB separation.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a), (b) Field cuts along the x=0 line in Figs. 6(a) and 6(b). Solid vertical line pairs indicate silica pillars.

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