Abstract

We observed photoinduced birefringence in elliptical-core optical fibers by using a continuous-wave krypton-ion laser. We induced the birefringence by injecting 20 mW of 647-nm or 50 mW of 676-nm light into the fiber at 45° to the slow axis. The rate of change of the refractive index was found to be proportional to the square of the average power. Polarization mode couplers written into the fibers have been stable for more than 2 years and can be erased by use of light polarized perpendicularly to the original writing beam.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. St. J. Russell and D. P. Hand, Electron. Lett. 26, 1846 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, and D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. H. Stolen, A. Ashkin, W. Pleibel, and J. M. Dziedzic, Opt. Lett. 9, 300 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. E. Kanellopoulos, V. A. Handerek, and A. J. Rogers, Electron. Lett. 28, 1558 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  6. V. B. Neustruev, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 6, 6901 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. M. Dianov and D. S. Starodubov, Opt. Lett. 21, 635 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. P. Kuo, U. Osterberg, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Opt. 29, 4430 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. E. M. Dianov, D. S. Starodubov, S. A. Vasiliev, A. A. Frolov, and O. I. Medvedkov, Opt. Lett. 22, 221 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, Opt. Lett. 24, 729 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1994 (1)

V. B. Neustruev, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 6, 6901 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

S. E. Kanellopoulos, V. A. Handerek, and A. J. Rogers, Electron. Lett. 28, 1558 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, and D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

P. St. J. Russell and D. P. Hand, Electron. Lett. 26, 1846 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Kuo, U. Osterberg, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Opt. 29, 4430 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984 (1)

1978 (1)

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Ashkin, A.

Bilodeau, F.

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, and D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

Dziedzic, J. M.

Feinberg, J.

Frolov, A. A.

Fujii, Y.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Grubsky, V.

Hand, D. P.

P. St. J. Russell and D. P. Hand, Electron. Lett. 26, 1846 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Handerek, V. A.

S. E. Kanellopoulos, V. A. Handerek, and A. J. Rogers, Electron. Lett. 28, 1558 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, and D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, and D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Kanellopoulos, S. E.

S. E. Kanellopoulos, V. A. Handerek, and A. J. Rogers, Electron. Lett. 28, 1558 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kawasaki, B. S.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, C. P.

Malo, B.

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, and D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Medvedkov, O. I.

Neustruev, V. B.

V. B. Neustruev, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 6, 6901 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Osterberg, U.

Pleibel, W.

Rogers, A. J.

S. E. Kanellopoulos, V. A. Handerek, and A. J. Rogers, Electron. Lett. 28, 1558 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

P. St. J. Russell and D. P. Hand, Electron. Lett. 26, 1846 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Starodubov, D. S.

Stegeman, G. I.

Stolen, R. H.

Vasiliev, S. A.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

P. St. J. Russell and D. P. Hand, Electron. Lett. 26, 1846 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, and D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Kanellopoulos, V. A. Handerek, and A. J. Rogers, Electron. Lett. 28, 1558 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

V. B. Neustruev, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 6, 6901 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

White-light transmission through a 1-m-long elliptical-core fiber between crossed polaroids after exposure to 20-mW 647-nm cw Kr+ laser light oriented at 45° to an optical axis.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

White-light transmission through the same 1 m-long E-core fiber between parallel polaroids (solid curve) and crossed polaroids (dashed curve) after 23 h of exposure to 20-mW, 647-nm light and 6 h of exposure to 50-mW, 676-nm light. The input polaroid was oriented to an optical axis of the elliptical-core fiber.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Accumulated shift in the maximum wavelength relative to the 647.6-nm maximum in the white-light intensity modulation as a function of accumulated exposure time for 55-mW, cw 647-nm light. The solid line is a linear least-squares fit to the data points and represents a rate of change of Δλm for 55 mW.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Rate of change of Δλm as a function of incident power with a linear least-squares fit to the data points.

Metrics