Abstract

We report over 2 W of single spatial-mode output power at 1.5 µm from an 8-cm-long, large-core phosphate fiber laser. The fiber has a numerical aperture of 0.17 and a 25µm-wide core, heavily doped with 1% Er+3 and 8% Yb+3. The laser utilizes a scalable evanescent-field-based pumping scheme and can be pumped by as many as eight individual multimode pigtailed diode laser sources at a wavelength of 975 nm. Nearly diffraction-limited laser output with a beam quality factor M21.1 is achieved by use of a simple intracavity all-fiber spatial-mode filter. Both spectrally broadband and narrowband operation of the laser are demonstrated.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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Ch. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Qiu, L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. Temyanko, T. Luo, S. Jiang, A. Mafi, J. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2592 (2004).
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P. Polynkin, V. Temyanko, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2024 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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W. C. Holton, Laser Focus World 39(7), 21 (2003).

J. Nillson, J. Sahu, Y. Jeong, W. Clarkson, R. Selvas, A. Grudinin, and S. Alam, Proc. SPIE 4974, 50 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tunnermann, Electron. Lett. 39, 645 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Glas and D. Fisher, Opt. Express 10, 286 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, T. Tunnermann, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, J. Broeng, G. Vienne, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, Opt. Express 11, 818 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

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N. Broderick, H. Offenhaus, D. Richardson, R. Sammut, J. Caplen, and L. Dong, J. Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 185 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1996 (2)

1993 (1)

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J. Nillson, J. Sahu, Y. Jeong, W. Clarkson, R. Selvas, A. Grudinin, and S. Alam, Proc. SPIE 4974, 50 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Alvarez-Chavez, J.

J. Alvarez-Chavez, A. Grudinin, J. Nilsson, P. Turner, and W. Clarkson, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper CWE7.

Broderick, N.

N. Broderick, H. Offenhaus, D. Richardson, R. Sammut, J. Caplen, and L. Dong, J. Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 185 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Broeng, J.

Caplen, J.

N. Broderick, H. Offenhaus, D. Richardson, R. Sammut, J. Caplen, and L. Dong, J. Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 185 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Loh, L. Dong, and J. Caplen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2151 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chen, T.

J. Meyers, R. Wu, T. Chen, M. Meyers, C. Hardy, and J. Driver, “Phosphate glass laser materials,” paper presented at the Directed Energy Professional Society 16th Annual Solid State and Diode Laser Review, Albuquerque, N.M., May 20–22, 2003.

Chernikov, S.

Clarkson, W.

J. Nillson, J. Sahu, Y. Jeong, W. Clarkson, R. Selvas, A. Grudinin, and S. Alam, Proc. SPIE 4974, 50 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Alvarez-Chavez, A. Grudinin, J. Nilsson, P. Turner, and W. Clarkson, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper CWE7.

Dong, L.

N. Broderick, H. Offenhaus, D. Richardson, R. Sammut, J. Caplen, and L. Dong, J. Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 185 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Loh, L. Dong, and J. Caplen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2151 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Driver, J.

J. Meyers, R. Wu, T. Chen, M. Meyers, C. Hardy, and J. Driver, “Phosphate glass laser materials,” paper presented at the Directed Energy Professional Society 16th Annual Solid State and Diode Laser Review, Albuquerque, N.M., May 20–22, 2003.

Fermann, M.

Fisher, D.

Furusawa, K.

Gapontsev, D.

N. Platonov, D. Gapontsev, V. Gapontsev, and V. Shumilin, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper CPDC4.

Gapontsev, V.

N. Platonov, D. Gapontsev, V. Gapontsev, and V. Shumilin, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper CPDC4.

Geng, J.

Ch. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Glas, P.

Goldberg, L.

Griebner, U.

Grudinin, A.

J. Nillson, J. Sahu, Y. Jeong, W. Clarkson, R. Selvas, A. Grudinin, and S. Alam, Proc. SPIE 4974, 50 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Alvarez-Chavez, A. Grudinin, J. Nilsson, P. Turner, and W. Clarkson, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper CWE7.

Grunwald, R.

Hanna, D.

Hardy, C.

J. Meyers, R. Wu, T. Chen, M. Meyers, C. Hardy, and J. Driver, “Phosphate glass laser materials,” paper presented at the Directed Energy Professional Society 16th Annual Solid State and Diode Laser Review, Albuquerque, N.M., May 20–22, 2003.

Holton, W. C.

W. C. Holton, Laser Focus World 39(7), 21 (2003).

Hu, Y.

Ch. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Iliew, R.

Jakobsen, C.

Jeong, Y.

J. Nillson, J. Sahu, Y. Jeong, W. Clarkson, R. Selvas, A. Grudinin, and S. Alam, Proc. SPIE 4974, 50 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S.

Ch. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Qiu, L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. Temyanko, T. Luo, S. Jiang, A. Mafi, J. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kaneda, Y.

Ch. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kashyap, R.

Kliner, D.

Koch, R.

Koplow, J.

Lederer, F.

Li, L.

T. Qiu, L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. Temyanko, T. Luo, S. Jiang, A. Mafi, J. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liem, A.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tunnermann, Electron. Lett. 39, 645 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

Loh, W.

W. Loh, L. Dong, and J. Caplen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2151 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Luo, T.

T. Qiu, L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. Temyanko, T. Luo, S. Jiang, A. Mafi, J. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mafi, A.

T. Qiu, L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. Temyanko, T. Luo, S. Jiang, A. Mafi, J. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Malinowski, A.

Mansuripur, M.

P. Polynkin, V. Temyanko, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2024 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Meyers, J.

J. Meyers, R. Wu, T. Chen, M. Meyers, C. Hardy, and J. Driver, “Phosphate glass laser materials,” paper presented at the Directed Energy Professional Society 16th Annual Solid State and Diode Laser Review, Albuquerque, N.M., May 20–22, 2003.

Meyers, M.

J. Meyers, R. Wu, T. Chen, M. Meyers, C. Hardy, and J. Driver, “Phosphate glass laser materials,” paper presented at the Directed Energy Professional Society 16th Annual Solid State and Diode Laser Review, Albuquerque, N.M., May 20–22, 2003.

Moloney, J.

T. Qiu, L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. Temyanko, T. Luo, S. Jiang, A. Mafi, J. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Monro, T.

Nillson, J.

J. Nillson, J. Sahu, Y. Jeong, W. Clarkson, R. Selvas, A. Grudinin, and S. Alam, Proc. SPIE 4974, 50 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

K. Furusawa, A. Malinowski, J. Price, T. Monro, J. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and D. Richardson, Opt. Express 9, 714 (2001), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, L. Reekie, A. Trooper, and D. Hanna, Opt. Lett. 22, 40 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Alvarez-Chavez, A. Grudinin, J. Nilsson, P. Turner, and W. Clarkson, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper CWE7.

Nolte, S.

Offenhaus, H.

N. Broderick, H. Offenhaus, D. Richardson, R. Sammut, J. Caplen, and L. Dong, J. Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 185 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

Petersson, A.

Peyghambarian, N.

T. Qiu, L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. Temyanko, T. Luo, S. Jiang, A. Mafi, J. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ch. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Polynkin, V. Temyanko, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2024 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Platonov, N.

N. Platonov, D. Gapontsev, V. Gapontsev, and V. Shumilin, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper CPDC4.

Polynkin, P.

P. Polynkin, V. Temyanko, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2024 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Price, J.

Qiu, T.

T. Qiu, L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. Temyanko, T. Luo, S. Jiang, A. Mafi, J. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Reekie, L.

Richardson, D.

K. Furusawa, A. Malinowski, J. Price, T. Monro, J. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and D. Richardson, Opt. Express 9, 714 (2001), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Broderick, H. Offenhaus, D. Richardson, R. Sammut, J. Caplen, and L. Dong, J. Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 185 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J.

Sammut, R.

N. Broderick, H. Offenhaus, D. Richardson, R. Sammut, J. Caplen, and L. Dong, J. Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 185 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schonnagel, H.

Schreiber, T.

Schülzgen, A.

T. Qiu, L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. Temyanko, T. Luo, S. Jiang, A. Mafi, J. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Selvas, R.

J. Nillson, J. Sahu, Y. Jeong, W. Clarkson, R. Selvas, A. Grudinin, and S. Alam, Proc. SPIE 4974, 50 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shumilin, V.

N. Platonov, D. Gapontsev, V. Gapontsev, and V. Shumilin, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper CPDC4.

Siegman, A.

A. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986).

Spiegelberg, Ch.

Ch. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J.

Temyanko, V.

P. Polynkin, V. Temyanko, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2024 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Qiu, L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. Temyanko, T. Luo, S. Jiang, A. Mafi, J. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Trooper, A.

Tunnermann, A.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tunnermann, Electron. Lett. 39, 645 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tunnermann, T.

Turner, P.

J. Alvarez-Chavez, A. Grudinin, J. Nilsson, P. Turner, and W. Clarkson, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper CWE7.

Vienne, G.

Wu, R.

J. Meyers, R. Wu, T. Chen, M. Meyers, C. Hardy, and J. Driver, “Phosphate glass laser materials,” paper presented at the Directed Energy Professional Society 16th Annual Solid State and Diode Laser Review, Albuquerque, N.M., May 20–22, 2003.

Zellmer, H.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. Loh, L. Dong, and J. Caplen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2151 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tunnermann, Electron. Lett. 39, 645 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Ch. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

P. Polynkin, V. Temyanko, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2024 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Qiu, L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. Temyanko, T. Luo, S. Jiang, A. Mafi, J. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2592 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

N. Broderick, H. Offenhaus, D. Richardson, R. Sammut, J. Caplen, and L. Dong, J. Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 185 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Laser Focus World (1)

W. C. Holton, Laser Focus World 39(7), 21 (2003).

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. Nillson, J. Sahu, Y. Jeong, W. Clarkson, R. Selvas, A. Grudinin, and S. Alam, Proc. SPIE 4974, 50 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

A. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986).

J. Alvarez-Chavez, A. Grudinin, J. Nilsson, P. Turner, and W. Clarkson, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper CWE7.

N. Platonov, D. Gapontsev, V. Gapontsev, and V. Shumilin, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper CPDC4.

J. Meyers, R. Wu, T. Chen, M. Meyers, C. Hardy, and J. Driver, “Phosphate glass laser materials,” paper presented at the Directed Energy Professional Society 16th Annual Solid State and Diode Laser Review, Albuquerque, N.M., May 20–22, 2003.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. Inset, cross section of the fiber bundle. FBG, fiber Bragg grating; BW, bandwidth.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the spatial-mode converter. The graph shows the calculated mode-field diameter of the fundamental mode in the two fibers. MM, multimode; SM, single-mode.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output power of the laser with different feedback: 1, without a spatial-mode filter and with a broadband mirror on the multimode fiber end; 2, with a mode filter and a broadband mirror on the single-mode fiber end; 3, with a mode filter and a narrowband fiber Bragg grating at the single-mode fiber end.

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