Abstract

We report on continuous-wave and subnanosecond passively Q-switched laser oscillation from a NdAl3BO34 microchip laser operating at 1.06 µm. Efficient and stable laser operation is possible only when resonant pumping (I49/2F43/2 at 882 nm) is used instead of the traditional I49/2F45/2 (808 nm) pumping. The improvement in laser performance is caused by a strong reduction in the pump-induced thermal loading, which is achieved by pumping directly into the emitting level.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. J. Zayhowski and C. D. Dill, Opt. Lett. 19, 1427 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. B. Braun, F. X. Kärtner, G. Zhang, M. Moser, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 22, 381 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. J. Spühler, S. Reffert, M. Haiml, M. Moser, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2733 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Gan, Laser Materials (World Scientific, Singapore, 1994).
  5. S. R. Chinn and H. Y.-P. Hong, Opt. Commun. 15, 345 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Xue and S. Zhang, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 8, 1949 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Jaque, O. Enguita, J. García Solé, A. D. Jiang, and Z. D. Luo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2176 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Jaque, O. Enguita, U. Caldiño, M. O. Ramírez, J. García Solé, C. Zaldo, J. E. Muñoz-Santiuste, J. Giang, and Z. D. Luo, J. Appl. Phys. 90, 561 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, G. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. V. Lupei, A. Lupei, N. Pavel, T. Taira, I. Shoji, and A. Ikesue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 590 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. Lupei, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 811 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. Jaque, M. Montes, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 715 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. J. Kayhowski and P. L. Kelley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2220 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  14. V. Lupei, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4309 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (1)

D. Jaque, M. Montes, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 715 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

V. Lupei, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 811 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. Lupei, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4309 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, G. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, N. Pavel, T. Taira, I. Shoji, and A. Ikesue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Spühler, S. Reffert, M. Haiml, M. Moser, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2733 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Jaque, O. Enguita, U. Caldiño, M. O. Ramírez, J. García Solé, C. Zaldo, J. E. Muñoz-Santiuste, J. Giang, and Z. D. Luo, J. Appl. Phys. 90, 561 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

D. Jaque, O. Enguita, J. García Solé, A. D. Jiang, and Z. D. Luo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2176 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

D. Xue and S. Zhang, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 8, 1949 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1991 (1)

J. J. Kayhowski and P. L. Kelley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2220 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

S. R. Chinn and H. Y.-P. Hong, Opt. Commun. 15, 345 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Aka, G.

V. Lupei, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 811 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Braun, B.

Caldiño, U.

D. Jaque, O. Enguita, U. Caldiño, M. O. Ramírez, J. García Solé, C. Zaldo, J. E. Muñoz-Santiuste, J. Giang, and Z. D. Luo, J. Appl. Phys. 90, 561 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chinn, S. R.

S. R. Chinn and H. Y.-P. Hong, Opt. Commun. 15, 345 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Dill, C. D.

Ding, X.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, G. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Enguita, O.

D. Jaque, O. Enguita, U. Caldiño, M. O. Ramírez, J. García Solé, C. Zaldo, J. E. Muñoz-Santiuste, J. Giang, and Z. D. Luo, J. Appl. Phys. 90, 561 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Jaque, O. Enguita, J. García Solé, A. D. Jiang, and Z. D. Luo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2176 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gan, F.

F. Gan, Laser Materials (World Scientific, Singapore, 1994).

García Solé, J.

D. Jaque, O. Enguita, U. Caldiño, M. O. Ramírez, J. García Solé, C. Zaldo, J. E. Muñoz-Santiuste, J. Giang, and Z. D. Luo, J. Appl. Phys. 90, 561 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Jaque, O. Enguita, J. García Solé, A. D. Jiang, and Z. D. Luo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2176 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Giang, J.

D. Jaque, O. Enguita, U. Caldiño, M. O. Ramírez, J. García Solé, C. Zaldo, J. E. Muñoz-Santiuste, J. Giang, and Z. D. Luo, J. Appl. Phys. 90, 561 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Haiml, M.

G. J. Spühler, S. Reffert, M. Haiml, M. Moser, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2733 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hong, H. Y.-P.

S. R. Chinn and H. Y.-P. Hong, Opt. Commun. 15, 345 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. D.

D. Jaque, M. Montes, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 715 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ikesue, A.

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, N. Pavel, T. Taira, I. Shoji, and A. Ikesue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jaque, D.

D. Jaque, M. Montes, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 715 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Jaque, O. Enguita, U. Caldiño, M. O. Ramírez, J. García Solé, C. Zaldo, J. E. Muñoz-Santiuste, J. Giang, and Z. D. Luo, J. Appl. Phys. 90, 561 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Jaque, O. Enguita, J. García Solé, A. D. Jiang, and Z. D. Luo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2176 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, A. D.

D. Jaque, O. Enguita, J. García Solé, A. D. Jiang, and Z. D. Luo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2176 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

Kayhowski, J. J.

J. J. Kayhowski and P. L. Kelley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2220 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

G. J. Spühler, S. Reffert, M. Haiml, M. Moser, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2733 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. Braun, F. X. Kärtner, G. Zhang, M. Moser, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 22, 381 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kelley, P. L.

J. J. Kayhowski and P. L. Kelley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2220 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Leigh, M.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, G. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Z. D.

D. Jaque, M. Montes, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 715 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Jaque, O. Enguita, U. Caldiño, M. O. Ramírez, J. García Solé, C. Zaldo, J. E. Muñoz-Santiuste, J. Giang, and Z. D. Luo, J. Appl. Phys. 90, 561 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Jaque, O. Enguita, J. García Solé, A. D. Jiang, and Z. D. Luo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2176 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lupei, A.

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, N. Pavel, T. Taira, I. Shoji, and A. Ikesue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lupei, V.

V. Lupei, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4309 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. Lupei, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 811 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, N. Pavel, T. Taira, I. Shoji, and A. Ikesue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Montes, M.

D. Jaque, M. Montes, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 715 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moser, M.

G. J. Spühler, S. Reffert, M. Haiml, M. Moser, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2733 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. Braun, F. X. Kärtner, G. Zhang, M. Moser, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 22, 381 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Muñoz-Santiuste, J. E.

D. Jaque, O. Enguita, U. Caldiño, M. O. Ramírez, J. García Solé, C. Zaldo, J. E. Muñoz-Santiuste, J. Giang, and Z. D. Luo, J. Appl. Phys. 90, 561 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pavel, N.

V. Lupei, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4309 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, N. Pavel, T. Taira, I. Shoji, and A. Ikesue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, G. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ramírez, M. O.

D. Jaque, O. Enguita, U. Caldiño, M. O. Ramírez, J. García Solé, C. Zaldo, J. E. Muñoz-Santiuste, J. Giang, and Z. D. Luo, J. Appl. Phys. 90, 561 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Reffert, S.

G. J. Spühler, S. Reffert, M. Haiml, M. Moser, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2733 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shoji, I.

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, N. Pavel, T. Taira, I. Shoji, and A. Ikesue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Song, F.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, G. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Spühler, G. J.

G. J. Spühler, S. Reffert, M. Haiml, M. Moser, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2733 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Taira, T.

V. Lupei, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4309 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, N. Pavel, T. Taira, I. Shoji, and A. Ikesue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vivien, D.

V. Lupei, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 811 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, G. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xue, D.

D. Xue and S. Zhang, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 8, 1949 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zaldo, C.

D. Jaque, O. Enguita, U. Caldiño, M. O. Ramírez, J. García Solé, C. Zaldo, J. E. Muñoz-Santiuste, J. Giang, and Z. D. Luo, J. Appl. Phys. 90, 561 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zayhowski, J. J.

Zhang, C.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, G. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, G. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Braun, F. X. Kärtner, G. Zhang, M. Moser, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 22, 381 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, S.

D. Xue and S. Zhang, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 8, 1949 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

G. J. Spühler, S. Reffert, M. Haiml, M. Moser, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2733 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Jaque, O. Enguita, J. García Solé, A. D. Jiang, and Z. D. Luo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2176 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, G. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, N. Pavel, T. Taira, I. Shoji, and A. Ikesue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Lupei, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 811 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Jaque, M. Montes, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 715 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Lupei, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4309 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. J. Kayhowski and P. L. Kelley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2220 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. Jaque, O. Enguita, U. Caldiño, M. O. Ramírez, J. García Solé, C. Zaldo, J. E. Muñoz-Santiuste, J. Giang, and Z. D. Luo, J. Appl. Phys. 90, 561 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

D. Xue and S. Zhang, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 8, 1949 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. R. Chinn and H. Y.-P. Hong, Opt. Commun. 15, 345 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (1)

F. Gan, Laser Materials (World Scientific, Singapore, 1994).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Continuous-wave laser power as a function of absorbed pump power for the two pump wavelengths used in this work. The cavity length was 1.15 mm. (b) Continuous-wave laser power versus cavity length for the two pump wavelengths used in this work. The pump power was 900 mW.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Train of pulses obtained from a passively Q-switched NAB microchip laser pumped at 882 nm. (b) Oscilloscope trace of a 500-ps pulse obtained from a passively Q-switched NAB microchip laser operating under resonant pumping.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

fTλpump=πKcωp2PabsηhλpumpdndT,
ft808 nmft882 nm=ηh882 nmηh808 nm0.78.
τp=SpTrγoc+γsat,

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