Abstract

Localized measurements of group-velocity dispersion and birefringence of photonic crystal fibers are achieved with a phase-sensitive optical low-coherence reflectometry technique. This technique is efficient for fiber samples no longer than 1 m. Theoretical simulations are in good agreement with experimental results. As a result, the stress-induced birefringence proves to be at most 1 order of magnitude below the geometrical-shape birefringence.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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2003

2002

2001

K. Suzuki, H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, M. Tanaka, and M. Fujika, Opt. Express 9, 13 (2001), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef]

1999

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 35, 63 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

1989

L. Thevenaz, J.-P. Pellaux, N. Gisin, and J.-P. von der Weid, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1207 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1983

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).

Berthelot, L.

Birks, T. A.

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 35, 63 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chartier, T.

Debarge, G.

C. Palavicini, A.-F. Obaton, E. Kerrinckx, Y. Jaouën, Y. Quiquempois, C. Lepers, M. Douay, and G. Debarge, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US), OSA 2004 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper CWA67.

Douay, M.

C. Palavicini, A.-F. Obaton, E. Kerrinckx, Y. Jaouën, Y. Quiquempois, C. Lepers, M. Douay, and G. Debarge, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US), OSA 2004 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper CWA67.

Duan, G. H.

Dudley, J. M.

Folkenberg, J. R.

T. Ritari, T. Niemi, H. Ludvigsen, M. Wegmuller, N. Gisin, J. R. Folkenberg, and A. Petterson, Opt. Commun. 226, 233 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fujika, M.

K. Suzuki, H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, M. Tanaka, and M. Fujika, Opt. Express 9, 13 (2001), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef]

Gallion, P.

Gander, M. J.

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 35, 63 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gisin, N.

T. Ritari, T. Niemi, H. Ludvigsen, M. Wegmuller, N. Gisin, J. R. Folkenberg, and A. Petterson, Opt. Commun. 226, 233 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Thevenaz, J.-P. Pellaux, N. Gisin, and J.-P. von der Weid, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1207 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hideur, A.

Jaouën, Y.

C. Palavicini, A.-F. Obaton, E. Kerrinckx, Y. Jaouën, Y. Quiquempois, C. Lepers, M. Douay, and G. Debarge, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US), OSA 2004 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper CWA67.

Jones, J. D. C.

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 35, 63 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, S.

K. Suzuki, H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, M. Tanaka, and M. Fujika, Opt. Express 9, 13 (2001), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef]

Kerrinckx, E.

C. Palavicini, A.-F. Obaton, E. Kerrinckx, Y. Jaouën, Y. Quiquempois, C. Lepers, M. Douay, and G. Debarge, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US), OSA 2004 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper CWA67.

Kikuchi, K.

Knight, J. C.

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 35, 63 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koshiba, M.

Kubota, H.

K. Suzuki, H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, M. Tanaka, and M. Fujika, Opt. Express 9, 13 (2001), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef]

Lempereur, S.

Lepers, C.

C. Palavicini, A.-F. Obaton, E. Kerrinckx, Y. Jaouën, Y. Quiquempois, C. Lepers, M. Douay, and G. Debarge, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US), OSA 2004 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper CWA67.

Ludvigsen, H.

T. Ritari, T. Niemi, H. Ludvigsen, M. Wegmuller, N. Gisin, J. R. Folkenberg, and A. Petterson, Opt. Commun. 226, 233 (2003).
[CrossRef]

McBride, R.

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 35, 63 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mélin, G.

Millot, G.

Mogilevtsev, D.

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 35, 63 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Niemi, T.

T. Ritari, T. Niemi, H. Ludvigsen, M. Wegmuller, N. Gisin, J. R. Folkenberg, and A. Petterson, Opt. Commun. 226, 233 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Obaton, A.-F.

C. Palavicini, A.-F. Obaton, E. Kerrinckx, Y. Jaouën, Y. Quiquempois, C. Lepers, M. Douay, and G. Debarge, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US), OSA 2004 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper CWA67.

Okoshi, T.

Pagnaoux, D.

Palavicini, C.

C. Palavicini, A.-F. Obaton, E. Kerrinckx, Y. Jaouën, Y. Quiquempois, C. Lepers, M. Douay, and G. Debarge, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US), OSA 2004 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper CWA67.

Pellaux, J.-P.

L. Thevenaz, J.-P. Pellaux, N. Gisin, and J.-P. von der Weid, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1207 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Petterson, A.

T. Ritari, T. Niemi, H. Ludvigsen, M. Wegmuller, N. Gisin, J. R. Folkenberg, and A. Petterson, Opt. Commun. 226, 233 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Peyrilloux, A.

Provino, L.

Quiquempois, Y.

C. Palavicini, A.-F. Obaton, E. Kerrinckx, Y. Jaouën, Y. Quiquempois, C. Lepers, M. Douay, and G. Debarge, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US), OSA 2004 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper CWA67.

Ritari, T.

T. Ritari, T. Niemi, H. Ludvigsen, M. Wegmuller, N. Gisin, J. R. Folkenberg, and A. Petterson, Opt. Commun. 226, 233 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Roy, P.

Russell, P. St. J.

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 35, 63 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saitoh, K.

Sauter, A.

Suzuki, K.

K. Suzuki, H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, M. Tanaka, and M. Fujika, Opt. Express 9, 13 (2001), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, M.

K. Suzuki, H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, M. Tanaka, and M. Fujika, Opt. Express 9, 13 (2001), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef]

Thevenaz, L.

L. Thevenaz, J.-P. Pellaux, N. Gisin, and J.-P. von der Weid, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1207 (1989).
[CrossRef]

von der Weid, J.-P.

L. Thevenaz, J.-P. Pellaux, N. Gisin, and J.-P. von der Weid, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1207 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wegmuller, M.

T. Ritari, T. Niemi, H. Ludvigsen, M. Wegmuller, N. Gisin, J. R. Folkenberg, and A. Petterson, Opt. Commun. 226, 233 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wiedmann, U.

Windeler, R. S.

Appl. Opt.

Electron. Lett.

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Electron. Lett. 35, 63 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Commun.

T. Ritari, T. Niemi, H. Ludvigsen, M. Wegmuller, N. Gisin, J. R. Folkenberg, and A. Petterson, Opt. Commun. 226, 233 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

K. Suzuki, H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, M. Tanaka, and M. Fujika, Opt. Express 9, 13 (2001), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).

C. Palavicini, A.-F. Obaton, E. Kerrinckx, Y. Jaouën, Y. Quiquempois, C. Lepers, M. Douay, and G. Debarge, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/US), OSA 2004 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper CWA67.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Phase-sensitive OLCR setup. Inset, SEM of the cleaved end face of the PCF.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reflectograms of PCF front and rear faces. The rear face was measured with a linear polarizer at OLCR outputs set at 0°, 45°, and 90°.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectrum of the PCF rear face reflection compared with the OLCR source for 45° rotatable polarizer adjustment.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Group delay of the characterized PCF for a single polarization mode. GVD values for both polarization modes are indicated.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Calculated values of the GVD of the PCF.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Theoretical Result and Measurement Comparison of GVD and Birefringence of the PCF at 1550 nm

Equations (2)

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Iτ14π-+Sωr˜ωexpiωτdω,
tg=ddωϕrearω-ϕfrontω.

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