Abstract

We explored high-energy and high-peak-power pulse generation in large-core multimode fiber amplifiers, achieving what is to our knowledge the highest reported energies, up to 82 mJ for 500-ns pulses, 27 mJ for 50-ns pulses, and 2.4-MW peak power for 4-ns pulses at 1064 nm, using 200µm-diameter and 0.062-N.A. core Yb-doped double-clad fiber amplifiers. The highly multimode nature of the fiber core was mitigated by use of a coiling-induced mode-filtering effect to yield a significant improvement in output-beam quality from M2=25 from an uncoiled fiber to M2=6.5 from a properly coiled fiber, with the corresponding reduction in number of propagating transverse modes from 200 to 20.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. C. Renaud, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, D. J. Richardson, and W. A. Clarkson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CTuQ5.
  2. A. Galvanauskas, Z. Sartania, and M. Bischoff, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CMA1.
  3. A. Galvanauskas, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 504 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Limpert, S. Hofer, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, A. Tunnermann, S. Knoke, and H. Voelckel, Appl. Phys. B 75, 477 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3883 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Galvanauskas, D. J. Harter, M. E. Fermann, and F. Raksi, “Microchip-Yb fiber hybrid optical amplifier for micro-machining and marking,” U.S. patent application 20040036957 (application filed February26, 2004).
  8. F. Salin, in Ultrafast Lasers:?Technology and Applications, M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, and G. Sucha, eds., (Marcel Dekker, New York, 2003), p. 63.
  9. C. C. Renaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 199 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. Gloge, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 51, 1767 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Sakai and T. Kimura, Radio Sci. 17, 21 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Murakami and S. Sudo, Appl. Opt. 20, 417 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

J. Limpert, S. Hofer, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, A. Tunnermann, S. Knoke, and H. Voelckel, Appl. Phys. B 75, 477 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

C. C. Renaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 199 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Galvanauskas, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 504 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

A. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3883 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

J. Sakai and T. Kimura, Radio Sci. 17, 21 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

1972 (1)

D. Gloge, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 51, 1767 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Alvarez-Chavez, J. A.

C. C. Renaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 199 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Renaud, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, D. J. Richardson, and W. A. Clarkson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CTuQ5.

Backus, S.

A. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3883 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bischoff, M.

A. Galvanauskas, Z. Sartania, and M. Bischoff, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CMA1.

Clarkson, W. A.

C. C. Renaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 199 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Renaud, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, D. J. Richardson, and W. A. Clarkson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CTuQ5.

Feit, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. E.

A. Galvanauskas, D. J. Harter, M. E. Fermann, and F. Raksi, “Microchip-Yb fiber hybrid optical amplifier for micro-machining and marking,” U.S. patent application 20040036957 (application filed February26, 2004).

Galvanauskas, A.

A. Galvanauskas, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 504 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Galvanauskas, D. J. Harter, M. E. Fermann, and F. Raksi, “Microchip-Yb fiber hybrid optical amplifier for micro-machining and marking,” U.S. patent application 20040036957 (application filed February26, 2004).

A. Galvanauskas, Z. Sartania, and M. Bischoff, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CMA1.

Gloge, D.

D. Gloge, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 51, 1767 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Grudinin, A. B.

C. C. Renaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 199 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Harter, D. J.

A. Galvanauskas, D. J. Harter, M. E. Fermann, and F. Raksi, “Microchip-Yb fiber hybrid optical amplifier for micro-machining and marking,” U.S. patent application 20040036957 (application filed February26, 2004).

Herman, S.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hofer, S.

J. Limpert, S. Hofer, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, A. Tunnermann, S. Knoke, and H. Voelckel, Appl. Phys. B 75, 477 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H.

A. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3883 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, T.

J. Sakai and T. Kimura, Radio Sci. 17, 21 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Knoke, S.

J. Limpert, S. Hofer, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, A. Tunnermann, S. Knoke, and H. Voelckel, Appl. Phys. B 75, 477 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liem, A.

J. Limpert, S. Hofer, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, A. Tunnermann, S. Knoke, and H. Voelckel, Appl. Phys. B 75, 477 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

J. Limpert, S. Hofer, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, A. Tunnermann, S. Knoke, and H. Voelckel, Appl. Phys. B 75, 477 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

A. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3883 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Murakami, Y.

Murnane, M.

A. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3883 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

C. C. Renaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 199 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Renaud, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, D. J. Richardson, and W. A. Clarkson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CTuQ5.

Offerhaus, H. L.

C. C. Renaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 199 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Raksi, F.

A. Galvanauskas, D. J. Harter, M. E. Fermann, and F. Raksi, “Microchip-Yb fiber hybrid optical amplifier for micro-machining and marking,” U.S. patent application 20040036957 (application filed February26, 2004).

Renaud, C. C.

C. C. Renaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 199 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Renaud, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, D. J. Richardson, and W. A. Clarkson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CTuQ5.

Richardson, D. J.

C. C. Renaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 199 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Renaud, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, D. J. Richardson, and W. A. Clarkson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CTuQ5.

Rubenchik, A. M.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

C. C. Renaud, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, D. J. Richardson, and W. A. Clarkson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CTuQ5.

Sakai, J.

J. Sakai and T. Kimura, Radio Sci. 17, 21 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Salin, F.

F. Salin, in Ultrafast Lasers:?Technology and Applications, M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, and G. Sucha, eds., (Marcel Dekker, New York, 2003), p. 63.

Sartania, Z.

A. Galvanauskas, Z. Sartania, and M. Bischoff, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CMA1.

Shore, B. W.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Stuart, B. C.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sudo, S.

Tien, A.

A. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3883 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tunnermann, A.

J. Limpert, S. Hofer, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, A. Tunnermann, S. Knoke, and H. Voelckel, Appl. Phys. B 75, 477 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Turner, P. W.

C. C. Renaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 199 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Voelckel, H.

J. Limpert, S. Hofer, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, A. Tunnermann, S. Knoke, and H. Voelckel, Appl. Phys. B 75, 477 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zellmer, H.

J. Limpert, S. Hofer, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, A. Tunnermann, S. Knoke, and H. Voelckel, Appl. Phys. B 75, 477 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. Limpert, S. Hofer, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, A. Tunnermann, S. Knoke, and H. Voelckel, Appl. Phys. B 75, 477 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

D. Gloge, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 51, 1767 (1972).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. C. Renaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 199 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Galvanauskas, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 504 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, Phys. Rev. B 53, 1749 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3883 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Radio Sci. (1)

J. Sakai and T. Kimura, Radio Sci. 17, 21 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

C. C. Renaud, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, D. J. Richardson, and W. A. Clarkson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CTuQ5.

A. Galvanauskas, Z. Sartania, and M. Bischoff, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CMA1.

A. Galvanauskas, D. J. Harter, M. E. Fermann, and F. Raksi, “Microchip-Yb fiber hybrid optical amplifier for micro-machining and marking,” U.S. patent application 20040036957 (application filed February26, 2004).

F. Salin, in Ultrafast Lasers:?Technology and Applications, M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, and G. Sucha, eds., (Marcel Dekker, New York, 2003), p. 63.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: AOM, acousto-optic modulator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Damage limits and experimental measurements. Solid lines, bulk-damage thresholds (50 J/cm2 for 1-ns pulses) for 200- and 50µm core fibers. Dashed line, self-focusing threshold of 3.7 MW in fused silica.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured amplified pulse energy as a function of the seed energy and prediction according to the Frantz–Nodvick model.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Beam quality and signal loss as functions of coiling radius, including both experimental and numerical model results.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Jout=Jsat logG0expJin/Jsat-1+1,

Metrics