Abstract

The generation and recognition of a record-length 511-chip optical code is experimentally demonstrated by use of a superstructured fiber Bragg grating (SSFBG) with a chip rate of 640 Gchips/s. Very high reflectivity (92%) is achieved with high-quality correlation properties. The temperature deviation tolerance is approximately ±0.3 C°, which is within the package’s temperature stability range ±0.1 C°. Experimental results show good agreement with the theory. They indicate the SSFBG’s potential for processing a long optical code with an ultrahigh chip rate, which could significantly improve the system’s performance.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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2004

X. Wang, K. Matsushima, A. Nishiki, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, Opt. Express 12, 5457 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wang, A. Nishiki, and K. Kitayama, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Matsushima, X. Wang, S. Kutsuzawa, A. Nishiki, S. Oshiba, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2192 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang and K. Kitayama, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2226 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

2002

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

1999

K. Kitayama and N. Wada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1689 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

K. Kitayama, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1209 (1998).
[CrossRef]

E. H. Dinan and B. Jabbari, IEEE Commun. Mag. 36, 48 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1989

J. A. Salihi and C. A. Brackett, IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 824 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Brackett, C. A.

J. A. Salihi and C. A. Brackett, IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 824 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Dinan, E. H.

E. H. Dinan and B. Jabbari, IEEE Commun. Mag. 36, 48 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1352 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jabbari, B.

E. H. Dinan and B. Jabbari, IEEE Commun. Mag. 36, 48 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kitayama, K.

X. Wang, A. Nishiki, and K. Kitayama, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Matsushima, X. Wang, S. Kutsuzawa, A. Nishiki, S. Oshiba, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2192 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, K. Matsushima, A. Nishiki, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, Opt. Express 12, 5457 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wang and K. Kitayama, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2226 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama and M. Murata, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2753 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama and N. Wada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1689 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1209 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kutsuzawa, S.

K. Matsushima, X. Wang, S. Kutsuzawa, A. Nishiki, S. Oshiba, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2192 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. H.

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Matsushima, K.

X. Wang, K. Matsushima, A. Nishiki, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, Opt. Express 12, 5457 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Matsushima, X. Wang, S. Kutsuzawa, A. Nishiki, S. Oshiba, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2192 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Murata, M.

Nishiki, A.

X. Wang, A. Nishiki, and K. Kitayama, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, K. Matsushima, A. Nishiki, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, Opt. Express 12, 5457 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Matsushima, X. Wang, S. Kutsuzawa, A. Nishiki, S. Oshiba, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2192 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Oshiba, S.

K. Matsushima, X. Wang, S. Kutsuzawa, A. Nishiki, S. Oshiba, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2192 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Petropoulos, P.

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1352 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1352 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Salihi, J. A.

J. A. Salihi and C. A. Brackett, IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 824 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Teh, P. C.

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1352 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wada, N.

K. Matsushima, X. Wang, S. Kutsuzawa, A. Nishiki, S. Oshiba, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2192 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, K. Matsushima, A. Nishiki, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, Opt. Express 12, 5457 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kitayama and N. Wada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1689 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

X. Wang and K. Kitayama, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2226 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, K. Matsushima, A. Nishiki, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, Opt. Express 12, 5457 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wang, A. Nishiki, and K. Kitayama, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Matsushima, X. Wang, S. Kutsuzawa, A. Nishiki, S. Oshiba, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2192 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag.

E. H. Dinan and B. Jabbari, IEEE Commun. Mag. 36, 48 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

K. Kitayama, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1209 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

K. Kitayama and N. Wada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1689 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Matsushima, X. Wang, S. Kutsuzawa, A. Nishiki, S. Oshiba, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2192 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun.

J. A. Salihi and C. A. Brackett, IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 824 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett.

X. Wang, A. Nishiki, and K. Kitayama, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 247 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

511-chip SSFBG design: (a) OC patterns, (b) peak reflectivity versus Δn, and (c) P/W and PA versus Δn.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SSFBG and the input pulse spectrums.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup: PC, polarization controller; C1, C2, circulators; RZ, return-to-zero; MLLD, mode-locked laser diode; BPF, bandpass filter; LN-IM, LiNbO3 intensity modulator; SHG, second-harmonic generation; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental and theoretical OC generation and recognition waveforms: (a) input pulse, (b) OC generation, (c) OC recognition, (d) cross correlation, and (e) autocorrelator traces.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Autocorrelation and cross-correlation peaks versus temperature mismatch between the OC encoder and decoder: (a) theoretical and (b) experimental.

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