Abstract

We investigated a microfabrication process for optical gratings with periods of micrometer order that use ultrafast laser pulses in semiconductor-doped glass. ZnS- or PbS-doped SiO2Al2O3B2O3CaOZnONa2OK2O glass was prepared by a melting method. Glass transmission diffraction gratings with a high refractive-index difference were fabricated with femtosecond laser pulses. The first-order diffraction efficiencies of these gratings were approximately 80%, and the first-order diffraction angles of these gratings were 8° at telecommunication wavelengths.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 21, 1729 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. E. N. Glezer and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 882 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1038 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. N. Glezer, M. Milosavljevic, L. Huang, R. J. Finlay, T.-H. Her, J. P. Callan, and E. Mazur, Opt. Lett. 21, 2023 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. W. Watanabe, D. Kuroda, K. Itoh, and J. Nishii, Opt. Express 10, 978 (2002), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, M. Masuda, K. Shihoyama, K. Toyoda, and K. Midorikawa, Opt. Express 11, 1809 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Q. Zhong, J. Qiu, X. Jiang, C. Zhao, and C. Zhu, Opt. Express 12, 742 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. Takeshima, Y. Kuroiwa, Y. Narita, S. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 336, 234 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. Takeshima, Y. Kuroiwa, Y. Narita, S. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. Suppl. 112, 887 (2004).
  10. P. T. Guerreiro, S. Ten, N. F. Borrelli, J. Butty, G. E. Jabbour, and N. Peygham, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1595 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. T. Harrison, S. V. Kershaw, M. G. Burt, A. L. Rogach, A. Kornowski, A. Eychmüller, and H. Weller, Pure Appl. Chem. 72, 295 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2004

N. Takeshima, Y. Kuroiwa, Y. Narita, S. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 336, 234 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Takeshima, Y. Kuroiwa, Y. Narita, S. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. Suppl. 112, 887 (2004).

Q. Zhong, J. Qiu, X. Jiang, C. Zhao, and C. Zhu, Opt. Express 12, 742 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org .
[CrossRef]

2003

2002

2001

K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1038 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

M. T. Harrison, S. V. Kershaw, M. G. Burt, A. L. Rogach, A. Kornowski, A. Eychmüller, and H. Weller, Pure Appl. Chem. 72, 295 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997

E. N. Glezer and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 882 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. T. Guerreiro, S. Ten, N. F. Borrelli, J. Butty, G. E. Jabbour, and N. Peygham, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1595 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

Borrelli, N. F.

P. T. Guerreiro, S. Ten, N. F. Borrelli, J. Butty, G. E. Jabbour, and N. Peygham, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1595 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Burt, M. G.

M. T. Harrison, S. V. Kershaw, M. G. Burt, A. L. Rogach, A. Kornowski, A. Eychmüller, and H. Weller, Pure Appl. Chem. 72, 295 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Butty, J.

P. T. Guerreiro, S. Ten, N. F. Borrelli, J. Butty, G. E. Jabbour, and N. Peygham, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1595 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Callan, J. P.

Cheng, Y.

Davis, K. M.

Eychmüller, A.

M. T. Harrison, S. V. Kershaw, M. G. Burt, A. L. Rogach, A. Kornowski, A. Eychmüller, and H. Weller, Pure Appl. Chem. 72, 295 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Finlay, R. J.

Glezer, E. N.

Guerreiro, P. T.

P. T. Guerreiro, S. Ten, N. F. Borrelli, J. Butty, G. E. Jabbour, and N. Peygham, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1595 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Harrison, M. T.

M. T. Harrison, S. V. Kershaw, M. G. Burt, A. L. Rogach, A. Kornowski, A. Eychmüller, and H. Weller, Pure Appl. Chem. 72, 295 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Her, T.-H.

Hirano, M.

K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1038 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

N. Takeshima, Y. Kuroiwa, Y. Narita, S. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. Suppl. 112, 887 (2004).

N. Takeshima, Y. Kuroiwa, Y. Narita, S. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 336, 234 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 21, 1729 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hosono, H.

K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1038 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Huang, L.

Itoh, K.

Jabbour, G. E.

P. T. Guerreiro, S. Ten, N. F. Borrelli, J. Butty, G. E. Jabbour, and N. Peygham, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1595 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X.

Kawamura, K.

K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1038 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kershaw, S. V.

M. T. Harrison, S. V. Kershaw, M. G. Burt, A. L. Rogach, A. Kornowski, A. Eychmüller, and H. Weller, Pure Appl. Chem. 72, 295 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kornowski, A.

M. T. Harrison, S. V. Kershaw, M. G. Burt, A. L. Rogach, A. Kornowski, A. Eychmüller, and H. Weller, Pure Appl. Chem. 72, 295 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kuroda, D.

Kuroiwa, Y.

N. Takeshima, Y. Kuroiwa, Y. Narita, S. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. Suppl. 112, 887 (2004).

N. Takeshima, Y. Kuroiwa, Y. Narita, S. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 336, 234 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Masuda, M.

Mazur, E.

Midorikawa, K.

Milosavljevic, M.

Miura, K.

Narita, Y.

N. Takeshima, Y. Kuroiwa, Y. Narita, S. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. Suppl. 112, 887 (2004).

N. Takeshima, Y. Kuroiwa, Y. Narita, S. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 336, 234 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nishii, J.

Peygham, N.

P. T. Guerreiro, S. Ten, N. F. Borrelli, J. Butty, G. E. Jabbour, and N. Peygham, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1595 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

Rogach, A. L.

M. T. Harrison, S. V. Kershaw, M. G. Burt, A. L. Rogach, A. Kornowski, A. Eychmüller, and H. Weller, Pure Appl. Chem. 72, 295 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sarukura, N.

K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1038 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shihoyama, K.

Sugimoto, N.

Sugioka, K.

Takeshima, N.

N. Takeshima, Y. Kuroiwa, Y. Narita, S. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 336, 234 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Takeshima, Y. Kuroiwa, Y. Narita, S. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. Suppl. 112, 887 (2004).

Tanaka, S.

N. Takeshima, Y. Kuroiwa, Y. Narita, S. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. Suppl. 112, 887 (2004).

N. Takeshima, Y. Kuroiwa, Y. Narita, S. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 336, 234 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ten, S.

P. T. Guerreiro, S. Ten, N. F. Borrelli, J. Butty, G. E. Jabbour, and N. Peygham, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1595 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Toyoda, K.

Watanabe, W.

Weller, H.

M. T. Harrison, S. V. Kershaw, M. G. Burt, A. L. Rogach, A. Kornowski, A. Eychmüller, and H. Weller, Pure Appl. Chem. 72, 295 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, C.

Zhong, Q.

Zhu, C.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

E. N. Glezer and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 882 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1038 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. T. Guerreiro, S. Ten, N. F. Borrelli, J. Butty, G. E. Jabbour, and N. Peygham, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1595 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. Suppl.

N. Takeshima, Y. Kuroiwa, Y. Narita, S. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. Suppl. 112, 887 (2004).

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

N. Takeshima, Y. Kuroiwa, Y. Narita, S. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 336, 234 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Pure Appl. Chem.

M. T. Harrison, S. V. Kershaw, M. G. Burt, A. L. Rogach, A. Kornowski, A. Eychmüller, and H. Weller, Pure Appl. Chem. 72, 295 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Plane-view microscopic images of the fabricated gratings. Top, ZnS-doped glass; bottom, PbS-doped glass.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Diffraction patterns of the fabricated grating in ZnS- and PbS-doped glass.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

First-order diffraction angles for these gratings.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Polarization dependence of the fabricated grating in ZnS-doped glass.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Absorbance spectra for the fabricated grating in PbS-doped glass.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Absorbance spectra for the fabricated grating in ZnS-doped glass.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

mλ=d sin θ,

Metrics