Abstract

We propose a new way to record images in a photorefractive LiNbO3 crystal. This method involves only a single object light without any reference light. We believe that the recording is attained by fanning holograms that result from interference between the object light and its scattered light. Although volume gratings are involved, the recorded pattern can be viewed not only with a laser light beam that is incident over a certain angular range but also with white light.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. J. Coufal, D. Psaltis, and G. T. Sincerbox, eds., Holographic Data Storage (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Galen, C. Duree, G. J. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4330 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. Naruse, A. Shiratori, and M. Obara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 4 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Feinberg, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 46 (1982).
  5. P. Yeh, Introduction to Photorefractive Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1993).
  6. M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, J. Imbrock, M. Imlau, E. Krätzig, C. Bäumer, and H. Hesse, Phys. Rev. B 65, 195111 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. Magnusson and T. K. Gaylord, Appl. Opt. 13, 1545 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. D. Ewbank and P. Yeh, Opt. Commun. 59, 423 (1986).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (1)

M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, J. Imbrock, M. Imlau, E. Krätzig, C. Bäumer, and H. Hesse, Phys. Rev. B 65, 195111 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. Naruse, A. Shiratori, and M. Obara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 4 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Galen, C. Duree, G. J. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4330 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

M. D. Ewbank and P. Yeh, Opt. Commun. 59, 423 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

1974 (1)

Bäumer, C.

M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, J. Imbrock, M. Imlau, E. Krätzig, C. Bäumer, and H. Hesse, Phys. Rev. B 65, 195111 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dovgalenko, G.

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Galen, C. Duree, G. J. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4330 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duree, C.

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Galen, C. Duree, G. J. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4330 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ewbank, M. D.

M. D. Ewbank and P. Yeh, Opt. Commun. 59, 423 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Feinberg, J.

Galen, J.

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Galen, C. Duree, G. J. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4330 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaylord, T. K.

Goulkov, M.

M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, J. Imbrock, M. Imlau, E. Krätzig, C. Bäumer, and H. Hesse, Phys. Rev. B 65, 195111 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hesse, H.

M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, J. Imbrock, M. Imlau, E. Krätzig, C. Bäumer, and H. Hesse, Phys. Rev. B 65, 195111 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Imbrock, J.

M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, J. Imbrock, M. Imlau, E. Krätzig, C. Bäumer, and H. Hesse, Phys. Rev. B 65, 195111 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Imlau, M.

M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, J. Imbrock, M. Imlau, E. Krätzig, C. Bäumer, and H. Hesse, Phys. Rev. B 65, 195111 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Klein, M. B.

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Galen, C. Duree, G. J. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4330 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krätzig, E.

M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, J. Imbrock, M. Imlau, E. Krätzig, C. Bäumer, and H. Hesse, Phys. Rev. B 65, 195111 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kukhtarev, N.

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Galen, C. Duree, G. J. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4330 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Magnusson, R.

Naruse, S.

S. Naruse, A. Shiratori, and M. Obara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 4 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Obara, M.

S. Naruse, A. Shiratori, and M. Obara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 4 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Odoulov, S.

M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, J. Imbrock, M. Imlau, E. Krätzig, C. Bäumer, and H. Hesse, Phys. Rev. B 65, 195111 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Salamo, G. J.

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Galen, C. Duree, G. J. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4330 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharp, E. J.

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Galen, C. Duree, G. J. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4330 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shiratori, A.

S. Naruse, A. Shiratori, and M. Obara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 4 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wechsler, B. A.

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Galen, C. Duree, G. J. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4330 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yeh, P.

M. D. Ewbank and P. Yeh, Opt. Commun. 59, 423 (1986).
[CrossRef]

P. Yeh, Introduction to Photorefractive Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1993).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Naruse, A. Shiratori, and M. Obara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 4 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. D. Ewbank and P. Yeh, Opt. Commun. 59, 423 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. Goulkov, S. Odoulov, J. Imbrock, M. Imlau, E. Krätzig, C. Bäumer, and H. Hesse, Phys. Rev. B 65, 195111 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Galen, C. Duree, G. J. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4330 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

H. J. Coufal, D. Psaltis, and G. T. Sincerbox, eds., Holographic Data Storage (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Yeh, Introduction to Photorefractive Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1993).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the setup in the recording stage: SF, spatial filter; Ls, lenses; P, input pattern. The diameter of the imaging lens is 5.4 cm, and its focal length is 32.5 cm. The inset is the schematic for reading; θ is the angle of incidence of the reading beam.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Photos of the input pattern and the final images. (a) Image of the input pattern taken at plane B. The input pattern is the Chinese character for electric. (b), (c), (d) Photos of the final images when θ is 5°, 10°, and 15°, respectively. (e) Photos of the final image when the reading beam is incident perpendicularly on the crystal. (f), (g), (h) Photos of the final images when θ is -5°, -10°, and -15°, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Relation between the incident angle of the reading beam and the emerging angle of the diffracted beam obtained by calculation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Photos of the final images when a white-light lamp is used as the reading light source. Reading angles of (a) 5°, (b) 10°, (c) 15°, (d) -5°, (e) -10°, (f) -15°.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Demonstration of the spatial resolution with a U.S. Air Force resolution chart as the input pattern. (a) Image of the input pattern taken in plane B. In the recording stage the light source is a Verdi laser. (b) Final image obtained with a beam of white light.

Equations (3)

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K=ko-kf,
kd=kr+K.
kd=kr+ko-kf.

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