Abstract

We report a scheme for generating pulsed polarization-entangled photon pairs based on conversion from time-bin entanglement to polarization entanglement by use of an orthogonal polarization delay circuit and postselection. We have experimentally demonstrated the scheme, using a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide, and successfully obtained polarization entanglement in the 1.55µm telecom wavelength band.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Ekert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 661 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. H. Bennett and S. J. Wiesner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2881 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. Wootters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Aspect, P. Grangier, and G. Roger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 91 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, Phys. Rev. A 66, 040301(R) (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, Electron. Lett. 39, 621 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “Optical fiber source of polarization-entangled photon pairs in the 1550 nm telecom band,” arXiv.org e-Print archive, , February25, 2004.
  10. H. Takesue and K. Inoue, Phys. Rev. A 70, 031802(R) (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. A 66, 062304 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Asobe, H. Miyazawa, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, and H. Suzuki, presented at the Optical Electronics and Communications Conference, Yokohama, Japan, July 8–12 2002, paper PD2-8.

2004

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, Phys. Rev. A 70, 031802(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, Electron. Lett. 39, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. A 66, 062304 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, Phys. Rev. A 66, 040301(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992

C. H. Bennett and S. J. Wiesner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2881 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991

A. Ekert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 661 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1983

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. Wootters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982

A. Aspect, P. Grangier, and G. Roger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 91 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Appelbaum, I.

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Asobe, M.

M. Asobe, H. Miyazawa, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, and H. Suzuki, presented at the Optical Electronics and Communications Conference, Yokohama, Japan, July 8–12 2002, paper PD2-8.

Aspect, A.

A. Aspect, P. Grangier, and G. Roger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 91 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Bennett, C. H.

C. H. Bennett and S. J. Wiesner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2881 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. Wootters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Brassard, G.

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. Wootters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Brendel, J.

J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Crépeau, C.

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. Wootters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Eberhard, P. H.

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ekert, A.

A. Ekert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 661 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gisin, N.

R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. A 66, 062304 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Grangier, P.

A. Aspect, P. Grangier, and G. Roger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 91 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, K.

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, Phys. Rev. A 70, 031802(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jozsa, R.

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. Wootters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kaji, R.

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, Electron. Lett. 39, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kawahara, K.

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, Phys. Rev. A 66, 040301(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kuga, T.

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, Phys. Rev. A 66, 040301(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “Optical fiber source of polarization-entangled photon pairs in the 1550 nm telecom band,” arXiv.org e-Print archive, , February25, 2004.

Kwiat, P. G.

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, X.

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “Optical fiber source of polarization-entangled photon pairs in the 1550 nm telecom band,” arXiv.org e-Print archive, , February25, 2004.

Mattle, K.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miyazawa, H.

M. Asobe, H. Miyazawa, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, and H. Suzuki, presented at the Optical Electronics and Communications Conference, Yokohama, Japan, July 8–12 2002, paper PD2-8.

Nishida, Y.

M. Asobe, H. Miyazawa, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, and H. Suzuki, presented at the Optical Electronics and Communications Conference, Yokohama, Japan, July 8–12 2002, paper PD2-8.

Peres, A.

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. Wootters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Roger, G.

A. Aspect, P. Grangier, and G. Roger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 91 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Sanaka, K.

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, Phys. Rev. A 66, 040301(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sharping, J. E.

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “Optical fiber source of polarization-entangled photon pairs in the 1550 nm telecom band,” arXiv.org e-Print archive, , February25, 2004.

Suzuki, H.

M. Asobe, H. Miyazawa, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, and H. Suzuki, presented at the Optical Electronics and Communications Conference, Yokohama, Japan, July 8–12 2002, paper PD2-8.

Tadanaga, O.

M. Asobe, H. Miyazawa, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, and H. Suzuki, presented at the Optical Electronics and Communications Conference, Yokohama, Japan, July 8–12 2002, paper PD2-8.

Takesue, H.

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, Phys. Rev. A 70, 031802(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tanzilli, S.

R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. A 66, 062304 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Thew, R. T.

R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. A 66, 062304 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, W.

R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. A 66, 062304 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchida, H.

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, Electron. Lett. 39, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Voss, P. L.

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “Optical fiber source of polarization-entangled photon pairs in the 1550 nm telecom band,” arXiv.org e-Print archive, , February25, 2004.

Waks, E.

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Weinfurter, H.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

White, A. G.

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wiesner, S. J.

C. H. Bennett and S. J. Wiesner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2881 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wootters, W.

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. Wootters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Yoshizawa, A.

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, Electron. Lett. 39, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zbinden, H.

R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. A 66, 062304 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zeilinger, A.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Electron. Lett.

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, Electron. Lett. 39, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, Phys. Rev. A 66, 040301(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, Phys. Rev. A 70, 031802(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. A 66, 062304 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Ekert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 661 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. H. Bennett and S. J. Wiesner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2881 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. Wootters, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895 (1983).
[CrossRef]

A. Aspect, P. Grangier, and G. Roger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 91 (1982).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “Optical fiber source of polarization-entangled photon pairs in the 1550 nm telecom band,” arXiv.org e-Print archive, , February25, 2004.

M. Asobe, H. Miyazawa, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, and H. Suzuki, presented at the Optical Electronics and Communications Conference, Yokohama, Japan, July 8–12 2002, paper PD2-8.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the proposed scheme.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup: PCs, polarization controllers; BPF, bandpass filter; TIA, time interval analyzer; As, connecting points. Other abbreviations defined in text.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Coincidence fringes: (a) θ1=0°, (b) θ1=45°.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

|Φ=|1,Hs|1,Hi+|2,Hs|2,Hi.
|Φ=[|1,Hs+expiϕs|2,Vs]×[|1,Hi+expiϕi|2,Vi]+[|2,Hs+expiϕs|3,Vs]×[|2,Hi+expiϕi|3,Vi]=|1,Hs|1,Hi+expiϕi|1,Hs|2,Vi+expiϕs|2,Vs|1,Hi+expiϕs+ϕi|2,Vs|2,Vi+|2,Hs|2,Hi+expiϕi|2,Hs|3,Vi+expiϕs|3,Vs|2,Hi+expiϕs+ϕi|3,Vs|3,Vi.
|Φ=|2,Hs|2,Hi+expiϕs+ϕi|2,Vs|2,Vi.
ϕs+ϕi=ωs+ωiΔt=ωpΔt=2ω1560Δt=2nπ.

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