Abstract

We investigated the emission properties of a distributed-feedback resonator based on an organic semiconductor patterned by a novel printing technology. We observed the peak splitting of the photonic bandstructure of the periodic grating and extracted the effective refractive index of the outcoupled guided modes. The laser works at the second diffraction order, exhibiting narrow single-mode emission at 637 nm, with a threshold as low as 37 µJ/cm2. The results suggest that direct printing is a promising fabrication technique for optically confined integrated optoelectronics.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. Kranzelbinder and G. Leising, Rep. Prog. Phys. 63, 729 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. Hide, M. A. Díaz-García, B. J. Schwartz, M. R. Andersson, Q. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, Science 273, 1833 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. W. Graupner, G. Leising, G. Lanzani, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and U. Scherf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 847 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. Pisignano, M. Anni, G. Gigli, R. Cingolani, M. Zavelani-Rossi, G. Lanzani, G. Barbarella, and L. Favaretto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3534 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Granlund, M. Theander, M. Berggren, M. Andersson, A. Ruzeckas, V. Sundstrom, G. Björk, M. Granström, and O. Inganäs, Chem. Phys. Lett. 288, 879 (2000).
  6. S. V. Frolov, A. Fujii, D. Chinn, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, and R. V. Gregory, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2811 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Bergreen, A. Dodabalapur, and R. E. Slusher, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2230 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Kolgelnik and V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 152 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals:?Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N.J., 1995).
  10. Y. Xia and G. M. Whitesides, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 37, 550 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Y. Chou, P. R. Krauss, and P. J. Renstrom, Science 272, 85 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D.-Y. Khang, H. Yoon, and H. H. Lee, Adv. Mater. 13, 749 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Pisignano, L. Persano, P. Visconti, R. Cingolani, G. Gigli, G. Barbarella, and L. Favaretto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2545 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Yan, L. J. Rothberg, F. Papadimitrakopoulos, M. E. Galvin, and T. M. Miller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 744 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrews, M. J. Jory, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, Phys. Rev. B 64, 125122 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. Riechel, U. Lemmer, J. Feldmann, S. Berleb, A. G. Mückl, W. Brütting, A. Gombert, and V. Wittwer, Opt. Lett. 26, 593 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Gaal, C. Gadermaier, H. Plank, E. Moderreger, A. Pogantsch, G. Leising, and E. J. W. List, Adv. Mater. 15, 1165 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  18. At high excitation densities ?0.8 mJ/cm2, damage to the imprinted nanostructure likely occurs as a result of pump-induced heating.?This weakens the feedback along the slab, resulting in the rise of a significant spontaneous emission background (see, for instance, the highest spectrum in Fig. 4).

2003 (2)

D. Pisignano, L. Persano, P. Visconti, R. Cingolani, G. Gigli, G. Barbarella, and L. Favaretto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2545 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Gaal, C. Gadermaier, H. Plank, E. Moderreger, A. Pogantsch, G. Leising, and E. J. W. List, Adv. Mater. 15, 1165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

D. Pisignano, M. Anni, G. Gigli, R. Cingolani, M. Zavelani-Rossi, G. Lanzani, G. Barbarella, and L. Favaretto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3534 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

D.-Y. Khang, H. Yoon, and H. H. Lee, Adv. Mater. 13, 749 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrews, M. J. Jory, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, Phys. Rev. B 64, 125122 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Riechel, U. Lemmer, J. Feldmann, S. Berleb, A. G. Mückl, W. Brütting, A. Gombert, and V. Wittwer, Opt. Lett. 26, 593 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

T. Granlund, M. Theander, M. Berggren, M. Andersson, A. Ruzeckas, V. Sundstrom, G. Björk, M. Granström, and O. Inganäs, Chem. Phys. Lett. 288, 879 (2000).

G. Kranzelbinder and G. Leising, Rep. Prog. Phys. 63, 729 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

Y. Xia and G. M. Whitesides, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 37, 550 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Frolov, A. Fujii, D. Chinn, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, and R. V. Gregory, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2811 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

M. Bergreen, A. Dodabalapur, and R. E. Slusher, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2230 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

S. Y. Chou, P. R. Krauss, and P. J. Renstrom, Science 272, 85 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Hide, M. A. Díaz-García, B. J. Schwartz, M. R. Andersson, Q. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, Science 273, 1833 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. Graupner, G. Leising, G. Lanzani, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and U. Scherf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 847 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

M. Yan, L. J. Rothberg, F. Papadimitrakopoulos, M. E. Galvin, and T. M. Miller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 744 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1971 (1)

H. Kolgelnik and V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 152 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Andersson, M.

T. Granlund, M. Theander, M. Berggren, M. Andersson, A. Ruzeckas, V. Sundstrom, G. Björk, M. Granström, and O. Inganäs, Chem. Phys. Lett. 288, 879 (2000).

Andersson, M. R.

F. Hide, M. A. Díaz-García, B. J. Schwartz, M. R. Andersson, Q. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, Science 273, 1833 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Andrews, P.

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrews, M. J. Jory, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, Phys. Rev. B 64, 125122 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Anni, M.

D. Pisignano, M. Anni, G. Gigli, R. Cingolani, M. Zavelani-Rossi, G. Lanzani, G. Barbarella, and L. Favaretto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3534 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Barbarella, G.

D. Pisignano, L. Persano, P. Visconti, R. Cingolani, G. Gigli, G. Barbarella, and L. Favaretto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2545 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Pisignano, M. Anni, G. Gigli, R. Cingolani, M. Zavelani-Rossi, G. Lanzani, G. Barbarella, and L. Favaretto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3534 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrews, M. J. Jory, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, Phys. Rev. B 64, 125122 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Berggren, M.

T. Granlund, M. Theander, M. Berggren, M. Andersson, A. Ruzeckas, V. Sundstrom, G. Björk, M. Granström, and O. Inganäs, Chem. Phys. Lett. 288, 879 (2000).

Bergreen, M.

M. Bergreen, A. Dodabalapur, and R. E. Slusher, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2230 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Berleb, S.

Björk, G.

T. Granlund, M. Theander, M. Berggren, M. Andersson, A. Ruzeckas, V. Sundstrom, G. Björk, M. Granström, and O. Inganäs, Chem. Phys. Lett. 288, 879 (2000).

Brütting, W.

Chinn, D.

S. V. Frolov, A. Fujii, D. Chinn, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, and R. V. Gregory, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2811 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chou, S. Y.

S. Y. Chou, P. R. Krauss, and P. J. Renstrom, Science 272, 85 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cingolani, R.

D. Pisignano, L. Persano, P. Visconti, R. Cingolani, G. Gigli, G. Barbarella, and L. Favaretto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2545 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Pisignano, M. Anni, G. Gigli, R. Cingolani, M. Zavelani-Rossi, G. Lanzani, G. Barbarella, and L. Favaretto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3534 (2002).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

W. Graupner, G. Leising, G. Lanzani, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and U. Scherf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 847 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Díaz-García, M. A.

F. Hide, M. A. Díaz-García, B. J. Schwartz, M. R. Andersson, Q. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, Science 273, 1833 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dodabalapur, A.

M. Bergreen, A. Dodabalapur, and R. E. Slusher, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2230 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Favaretto, L.

D. Pisignano, L. Persano, P. Visconti, R. Cingolani, G. Gigli, G. Barbarella, and L. Favaretto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2545 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Pisignano, M. Anni, G. Gigli, R. Cingolani, M. Zavelani-Rossi, G. Lanzani, G. Barbarella, and L. Favaretto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3534 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Feldmann, J.

Frolov, S. V.

S. V. Frolov, A. Fujii, D. Chinn, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, and R. V. Gregory, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2811 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fujii, A.

S. V. Frolov, A. Fujii, D. Chinn, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, and R. V. Gregory, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2811 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gaal, M.

M. Gaal, C. Gadermaier, H. Plank, E. Moderreger, A. Pogantsch, G. Leising, and E. J. W. List, Adv. Mater. 15, 1165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gadermaier, C.

M. Gaal, C. Gadermaier, H. Plank, E. Moderreger, A. Pogantsch, G. Leising, and E. J. W. List, Adv. Mater. 15, 1165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Galvin, M. E.

M. Yan, L. J. Rothberg, F. Papadimitrakopoulos, M. E. Galvin, and T. M. Miller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 744 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gigli, G.

D. Pisignano, L. Persano, P. Visconti, R. Cingolani, G. Gigli, G. Barbarella, and L. Favaretto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2545 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Pisignano, M. Anni, G. Gigli, R. Cingolani, M. Zavelani-Rossi, G. Lanzani, G. Barbarella, and L. Favaretto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3534 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gombert, A.

Granlund, T.

T. Granlund, M. Theander, M. Berggren, M. Andersson, A. Ruzeckas, V. Sundstrom, G. Björk, M. Granström, and O. Inganäs, Chem. Phys. Lett. 288, 879 (2000).

Granström, M.

T. Granlund, M. Theander, M. Berggren, M. Andersson, A. Ruzeckas, V. Sundstrom, G. Björk, M. Granström, and O. Inganäs, Chem. Phys. Lett. 288, 879 (2000).

Graupner, W.

W. Graupner, G. Leising, G. Lanzani, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and U. Scherf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 847 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gregory, R. V.

S. V. Frolov, A. Fujii, D. Chinn, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, and R. V. Gregory, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2811 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Heeger, A. J.

F. Hide, M. A. Díaz-García, B. J. Schwartz, M. R. Andersson, Q. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, Science 273, 1833 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hide, F.

F. Hide, M. A. Díaz-García, B. J. Schwartz, M. R. Andersson, Q. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, Science 273, 1833 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Inganäs, O.

T. Granlund, M. Theander, M. Berggren, M. Andersson, A. Ruzeckas, V. Sundstrom, G. Björk, M. Granström, and O. Inganäs, Chem. Phys. Lett. 288, 879 (2000).

Joannopoulos, J. D.

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals:?Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N.J., 1995).

Jory, M. J.

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrews, M. J. Jory, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, Phys. Rev. B 64, 125122 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Khang, D.-Y.

D.-Y. Khang, H. Yoon, and H. H. Lee, Adv. Mater. 13, 749 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kolgelnik, H.

H. Kolgelnik and V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 152 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Kranzelbinder, G.

G. Kranzelbinder and G. Leising, Rep. Prog. Phys. 63, 729 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, P. R.

S. Y. Chou, P. R. Krauss, and P. J. Renstrom, Science 272, 85 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lanzani, G.

D. Pisignano, M. Anni, G. Gigli, R. Cingolani, M. Zavelani-Rossi, G. Lanzani, G. Barbarella, and L. Favaretto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3534 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. Graupner, G. Leising, G. Lanzani, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and U. Scherf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 847 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, H. H.

D.-Y. Khang, H. Yoon, and H. H. Lee, Adv. Mater. 13, 749 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Leising, G.

M. Gaal, C. Gadermaier, H. Plank, E. Moderreger, A. Pogantsch, G. Leising, and E. J. W. List, Adv. Mater. 15, 1165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Kranzelbinder and G. Leising, Rep. Prog. Phys. 63, 729 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. Graupner, G. Leising, G. Lanzani, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and U. Scherf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 847 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lemmer, U.

List, E. J. W.

M. Gaal, C. Gadermaier, H. Plank, E. Moderreger, A. Pogantsch, G. Leising, and E. J. W. List, Adv. Mater. 15, 1165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Meade, R. D.

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals:?Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N.J., 1995).

Miller, T. M.

M. Yan, L. J. Rothberg, F. Papadimitrakopoulos, M. E. Galvin, and T. M. Miller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 744 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moderreger, E.

M. Gaal, C. Gadermaier, H. Plank, E. Moderreger, A. Pogantsch, G. Leising, and E. J. W. List, Adv. Mater. 15, 1165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mückl, A. G.

Nisoli, M.

W. Graupner, G. Leising, G. Lanzani, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and U. Scherf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 847 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Papadimitrakopoulos, F.

M. Yan, L. J. Rothberg, F. Papadimitrakopoulos, M. E. Galvin, and T. M. Miller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 744 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pei, Q.

F. Hide, M. A. Díaz-García, B. J. Schwartz, M. R. Andersson, Q. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, Science 273, 1833 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Persano, L.

D. Pisignano, L. Persano, P. Visconti, R. Cingolani, G. Gigli, G. Barbarella, and L. Favaretto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2545 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pisignano, D.

D. Pisignano, L. Persano, P. Visconti, R. Cingolani, G. Gigli, G. Barbarella, and L. Favaretto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2545 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Pisignano, M. Anni, G. Gigli, R. Cingolani, M. Zavelani-Rossi, G. Lanzani, G. Barbarella, and L. Favaretto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3534 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Plank, H.

M. Gaal, C. Gadermaier, H. Plank, E. Moderreger, A. Pogantsch, G. Leising, and E. J. W. List, Adv. Mater. 15, 1165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pogantsch, A.

M. Gaal, C. Gadermaier, H. Plank, E. Moderreger, A. Pogantsch, G. Leising, and E. J. W. List, Adv. Mater. 15, 1165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Renstrom, P. J.

S. Y. Chou, P. R. Krauss, and P. J. Renstrom, Science 272, 85 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Riechel, S.

Rothberg, L. J.

M. Yan, L. J. Rothberg, F. Papadimitrakopoulos, M. E. Galvin, and T. M. Miller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 744 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ruzeckas, A.

T. Granlund, M. Theander, M. Berggren, M. Andersson, A. Ruzeckas, V. Sundstrom, G. Björk, M. Granström, and O. Inganäs, Chem. Phys. Lett. 288, 879 (2000).

Samuel, I. D. W.

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrews, M. J. Jory, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, Phys. Rev. B 64, 125122 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Scherf, U.

W. Graupner, G. Leising, G. Lanzani, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and U. Scherf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 847 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schwartz, B. J.

F. Hide, M. A. Díaz-García, B. J. Schwartz, M. R. Andersson, Q. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, Science 273, 1833 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shank, V.

H. Kolgelnik and V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 152 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Slusher, R. E.

M. Bergreen, A. Dodabalapur, and R. E. Slusher, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2230 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sundstrom, V.

T. Granlund, M. Theander, M. Berggren, M. Andersson, A. Ruzeckas, V. Sundstrom, G. Björk, M. Granström, and O. Inganäs, Chem. Phys. Lett. 288, 879 (2000).

Theander, M.

T. Granlund, M. Theander, M. Berggren, M. Andersson, A. Ruzeckas, V. Sundstrom, G. Björk, M. Granström, and O. Inganäs, Chem. Phys. Lett. 288, 879 (2000).

Turnbull, G. A.

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrews, M. J. Jory, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, Phys. Rev. B 64, 125122 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vardeny, Z. V.

S. V. Frolov, A. Fujii, D. Chinn, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, and R. V. Gregory, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2811 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Visconti, P.

D. Pisignano, L. Persano, P. Visconti, R. Cingolani, G. Gigli, G. Barbarella, and L. Favaretto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2545 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Whitesides, G. M.

Y. Xia and G. M. Whitesides, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 37, 550 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Winn, J. N.

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals:?Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N.J., 1995).

Wittwer, V.

Xia, Y.

Y. Xia and G. M. Whitesides, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 37, 550 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yan, M.

M. Yan, L. J. Rothberg, F. Papadimitrakopoulos, M. E. Galvin, and T. M. Miller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 744 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoon, H.

D.-Y. Khang, H. Yoon, and H. H. Lee, Adv. Mater. 13, 749 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yoshino, K.

S. V. Frolov, A. Fujii, D. Chinn, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, and R. V. Gregory, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2811 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zavelani-Rossi, M.

D. Pisignano, M. Anni, G. Gigli, R. Cingolani, M. Zavelani-Rossi, G. Lanzani, G. Barbarella, and L. Favaretto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3534 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (2)

D.-Y. Khang, H. Yoon, and H. H. Lee, Adv. Mater. 13, 749 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Gaal, C. Gadermaier, H. Plank, E. Moderreger, A. Pogantsch, G. Leising, and E. J. W. List, Adv. Mater. 15, 1165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. (1)

Y. Xia and G. M. Whitesides, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 37, 550 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

D. Pisignano, L. Persano, P. Visconti, R. Cingolani, G. Gigli, G. Barbarella, and L. Favaretto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2545 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Pisignano, M. Anni, G. Gigli, R. Cingolani, M. Zavelani-Rossi, G. Lanzani, G. Barbarella, and L. Favaretto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3534 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Frolov, A. Fujii, D. Chinn, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, and R. V. Gregory, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2811 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Bergreen, A. Dodabalapur, and R. E. Slusher, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2230 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Kolgelnik and V. Shank, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 152 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Granlund, M. Theander, M. Berggren, M. Andersson, A. Ruzeckas, V. Sundstrom, G. Björk, M. Granström, and O. Inganäs, Chem. Phys. Lett. 288, 879 (2000).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrews, M. J. Jory, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, Phys. Rev. B 64, 125122 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

W. Graupner, G. Leising, G. Lanzani, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and U. Scherf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 847 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yan, L. J. Rothberg, F. Papadimitrakopoulos, M. E. Galvin, and T. M. Miller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 744 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

G. Kranzelbinder and G. Leising, Rep. Prog. Phys. 63, 729 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

F. Hide, M. A. Díaz-García, B. J. Schwartz, M. R. Andersson, Q. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, Science 273, 1833 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Chou, P. R. Krauss, and P. J. Renstrom, Science 272, 85 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

At high excitation densities ?0.8 mJ/cm2, damage to the imprinted nanostructure likely occurs as a result of pump-induced heating.?This weakens the feedback along the slab, resulting in the rise of a significant spontaneous emission background (see, for instance, the highest spectrum in Fig. 4).

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals:?Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton U. Press, Princeton, N.J., 1995).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Template gratings.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Printed organic PhC. The features are 30 nm high. Inset, molecular structure of T5oCx.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Normalized angle-resolved PL spectra of the printed 1D PhC. (b) Angular dependence of the emission peaks. Inset, wavelength dependence of neff of the Bragg-outcoupled guided modes.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

DFB laser emission spectra at different absorbed excitation fluences (curves from bottom to top: 30, 50, 60, 80 µJ cm-2). Inset, above-threshold laser spectrum (continuous curve), compared with the ASE (open squares) and PL (filled squares) spectra of T5oCx films.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Excitation fluence dependence of the DFB peak output intensity (device A). Inset, input–output characteristics of device B. The solid curves are linear fits to the experimental data (filled and open circles).

Equations (1)

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mλm=2neffΛ,

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