Abstract

A new method of fabrication of long-period fiber gratings by twisting of a standard single-mode fiber at high temperature is presented. The method relies on the fact that there always exists some core–cladding eccentricity in the optical fiber. Therefore, when the fiber is twisted, its core follows a helicoidal path inside the cladding. The transmission spectrum of the helicoidal long-period fiber grating that is produced contains several dips that correspond to resonances with the fiber cladding modes.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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2005 (2)

2004 (2)

S. Oh, K. R. Lee, U. C. Paek, and Y. Chung, Opt. Lett. 29, 1464 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. I. Kopp, V. M. Churikov, J. Singer, N. Chao, D. Neugroschl, and A. Z. Genack, Science 305, 74 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

P. I.D.C. Reyes and P. S. Westbrook, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 828 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1991 (1)

C. Poole, C. Townsend, and K. Nelson, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 598 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

1979 (1)

Ankiewicz, A.

Chao, N.

V. I. Kopp, V. M. Churikov, J. Singer, N. Chao, D. Neugroschl, and A. Z. Genack, Science 305, 74 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chung, Y.

Churikov, V. M.

V. I. Kopp, V. M. Churikov, J. Singer, N. Chao, D. Neugroschl, and A. Z. Genack, Science 305, 74 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Genack, A. Z.

V. I. Kopp, V. M. Churikov, J. Singer, N. Chao, D. Neugroschl, and A. Z. Genack, Science 305, 74 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ivanov, O. V.

Jáuregui, C.

Kopp, V. I.

V. I. Kopp, V. M. Churikov, J. Singer, N. Chao, D. Neugroschl, and A. Z. Genack, Science 305, 74 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, K. R.

López-Higuera, J. M.

Nelson, K.

C. Poole, C. Townsend, and K. Nelson, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 598 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Neugroschl, D.

V. I. Kopp, V. M. Churikov, J. Singer, N. Chao, D. Neugroschl, and A. Z. Genack, Science 305, 74 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oh, S.

Paek, U. C.

Poole, C.

C. Poole, C. Townsend, and K. Nelson, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 598 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Reyes, P. I.D.C.

P. I.D.C. Reyes and P. S. Westbrook, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 828 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Simon, A.

Singer, J.

V. I. Kopp, V. M. Churikov, J. Singer, N. Chao, D. Neugroschl, and A. Z. Genack, Science 305, 74 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, A. M.

Townsend, C.

C. Poole, C. Townsend, and K. Nelson, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 598 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ulrich, R.

Wassmann, F.

Westbrook, P. S.

P. I.D.C. Reyes and P. S. Westbrook, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 828 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

P. I.D.C. Reyes and P. S. Westbrook, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 828 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

C. Poole, C. Townsend, and K. Nelson, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 598 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Science (1)

V. I. Kopp, V. M. Churikov, J. Singer, N. Chao, D. Neugroschl, and A. Z. Genack, Science 305, 74 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Left, fiber structure after twisting in the oven; right, its cross-sectional view.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Evolution of the spectrum of a fiber with an increase in its twist rate.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Wavelengths of cladding-mode resonances versus period of the helicoidal structure.

Equations (1)

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Λ = L N .

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