Abstract

We report the first demonstration, to our knowledge, of soft-aperture Kerr-lens mode locking in a diode-pumped femtosecond Yb3+:YVO4 laser. Near-transform-limited pulses as short as 61fs are generated around a center wavelength of 1050nm with an output power of 54mW and a pulse repetition frequency of 104.5MHz. This is, to our knowledge, the shortest pulse generated directly from an Yb laser having a crystalline host material. The femtosecond operation has a mode-locking threshold at an absorbed pump power of 190mW. The nonlinear refractive indexes of the Yb3+:YVO4 crystal have been measured to be 19×1016cm2W and 15×1016cm2W for the σ and π polarizations, respectively, at 1080nm.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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Aus der Au, J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
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Bernhagen, M.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, Appl. Phys. B 79, 543 (2004).
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Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
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Chénais, S.

Cho, S. H.

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Fagundes-Peters, D.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, Appl. Phys. B 79, 543 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, A. I.

A. Major, I. Nikolakakos, J. S. Aitchison, A. I. Ferguson, N. Langford, and P. W. E. Smith, Appl. Phys. B 77, 433 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fredrich, S. T.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, Appl. Phys. B 79, 543 (2004).
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Gaume, R.

Georges, P.

Giesen, A.

Hagan, D. J.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Harder, C.

Haus, H. A.

Hönniger, C.

Hönninger, C.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. Hönninger, G. Zhang, U. Keller, and A. Giesen, Opt. Lett. 20, 2402 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, Appl. Phys. B 79, 543 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 22, 1317 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Johannsen, J.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, Appl. Phys. B 79, 543 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kalashnikov, V. L.

K. V. Yumashev, N. N. Posnov, P. V. Prokoshin, V. L. Kalashnikov, F. Mejid, I. G. Poloyko, V. P. Mikhailov, and V. P. Kozich, Opt. Quantum Electron. 32, 43 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, S. H. Cho, Y. Chen, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 24, 411 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Kean, P. N.

Keller, U.

Kisel, V. E.

Kopf, D.

F. Druon, S. Chénais, P. Raybaut, F. Balembois, P. Georges, R. Gaume, G. Aka, B. Viana, S. Mohr, and D. Kopf, Opt. Lett. 27, 197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kozich, V. P.

K. V. Yumashev, N. N. Posnov, P. V. Prokoshin, V. L. Kalashnikov, F. Mejid, I. G. Poloyko, V. P. Mikhailov, and V. P. Kozich, Opt. Quantum Electron. 32, 43 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kränkel, C.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, Appl. Phys. B 79, 543 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

Kupchenko, M. I.

Lagatsky, A. A.

Langford, N.

A. Major, I. Nikolakakos, J. S. Aitchison, A. I. Ferguson, N. Langford, and P. W. E. Smith, Appl. Phys. B 77, 433 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.

Major, A.

A. Major, J. S. Aitchison, P. W. E. Smith, F. Druon, P. Georges, B. Viana, and G. P. Aka, Appl. Phys. B 80, 199 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Major, I. Nikolakakos, J. S. Aitchison, A. I. Ferguson, N. Langford, and P. W. E. Smith, Appl. Phys. B 77, 433 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Matrosov, V. N.

Matrosova, T. A.

Matuschek, N.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mejid, F.

K. V. Yumashev, N. N. Posnov, P. V. Prokoshin, V. L. Kalashnikov, F. Mejid, I. G. Poloyko, V. P. Mikhailov, and V. P. Kozich, Opt. Quantum Electron. 32, 43 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailov, V. P.

K. V. Yumashev, N. N. Posnov, P. V. Prokoshin, V. L. Kalashnikov, F. Mejid, I. G. Poloyko, V. P. Mikhailov, and V. P. Kozich, Opt. Quantum Electron. 32, 43 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 22, 1317 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mohr, S.

Mond, M.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, Appl. Phys. B 79, 543 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Morgner, U.

Morier-Genoud, F.

Moser, M.

Mourou, G.

Nees, J.

Nikolakakos, I.

A. Major, I. Nikolakakos, J. S. Aitchison, A. I. Ferguson, N. Langford, and P. W. E. Smith, Appl. Phys. B 77, 433 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

Podlipensky, A. V.

Poloyko, I. G.

K. V. Yumashev, N. N. Posnov, P. V. Prokoshin, V. L. Kalashnikov, F. Mejid, I. G. Poloyko, V. P. Mikhailov, and V. P. Kozich, Opt. Quantum Electron. 32, 43 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Posnov, N. N.

K. V. Yumashev, N. N. Posnov, P. V. Prokoshin, V. L. Kalashnikov, F. Mejid, I. G. Poloyko, V. P. Mikhailov, and V. P. Kozich, Opt. Quantum Electron. 32, 43 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Prokoshin, P. V.

K. V. Yumashev, N. N. Posnov, P. V. Prokoshin, V. L. Kalashnikov, F. Mejid, I. G. Poloyko, V. P. Mikhailov, and V. P. Kozich, Opt. Quantum Electron. 32, 43 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ramaswamy-Paye, M.

Raybaut, P.

Ryba-Romanowski, W.

W. Ryba-Romanowski, Cryst. Res. Technol. 38, 225 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Said, A. A.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Scherbitsky, V. G.

Scheuer, V.

Shcherbitsky, V. G.

Sheik-Bahae, M.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

Smith, P. W. E.

A. Major, J. S. Aitchison, P. W. E. Smith, F. Druon, P. Georges, B. Viana, and G. P. Aka, Appl. Phys. B 80, 199 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Major, I. Nikolakakos, J. S. Aitchison, A. I. Ferguson, N. Langford, and P. W. E. Smith, Appl. Phys. B 77, 433 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Spence, D. E.

Tolstik, N. A.

Troshin, A. E.

Tschudi, T.

Uecker, R.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, Appl. Phys. B 79, 543 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E. W.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Viana, B.

A. Major, J. S. Aitchison, P. W. E. Smith, F. Druon, P. Georges, B. Viana, and G. P. Aka, Appl. Phys. B 80, 199 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Druon, S. Chénais, P. Raybaut, F. Balembois, P. Georges, R. Gaume, G. Aka, B. Viana, S. Mohr, and D. Kopf, Opt. Lett. 27, 197 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wei, T.-H.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Weingarten, K. J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yumashev, K. V.

K. V. Yumashev, N. N. Posnov, P. V. Prokoshin, V. L. Kalashnikov, F. Mejid, I. G. Poloyko, V. P. Mikhailov, and V. P. Kozich, Opt. Quantum Electron. 32, 43 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G.

Appl. Phys. B

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, Appl. Phys. B 79, 543 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Major, I. Nikolakakos, J. S. Aitchison, A. I. Ferguson, N. Langford, and P. W. E. Smith, Appl. Phys. B 77, 433 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Major, J. S. Aitchison, P. W. E. Smith, F. Druon, P. Georges, B. Viana, and G. P. Aka, Appl. Phys. B 80, 199 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cryst. Res. Technol.

W. Ryba-Romanowski, Cryst. Res. Technol. 38, 225 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Quantum Electron.

K. V. Yumashev, N. N. Posnov, P. V. Prokoshin, V. L. Kalashnikov, F. Mejid, I. G. Poloyko, V. P. Mikhailov, and V. P. Kozich, Opt. Quantum Electron. 32, 43 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the KLM Yb : Y V O 4 laser. LD, single-mode fiber-coupled InGaAs laser diode; AL, 15 mm aspherical lens; HW, half-wave plate; M1, M2, high-reflector curved mirrors ( r 1 = 100 mm , r 2 = 75 mm ); OC, output coupler ( T = 1 % and 3%).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Intensity autocorrelation (a) (dotted curve is fitted assuming an ideal sech 2 pulse shape) and spectrum (b) of the KLM Yb : Y V O 4 laser pulses. The dashed curve on the graph on the right-hand side represents the tunability of the Yb : Y V O 4 laser in cw operation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Normalized z-scan data for the Yb : Y V O 4 crystal for (a) E c and (b) E c polarizations at 1.08 μ m . The solid curves are the theoretical fits.

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