Abstract

A tandem organic light-emitting diode structure, excited electrically in the pulsed domain and confined within a double spatial filter configuration, is observed to emit a low-divergence beam (Δθ2.53mrad, or 1.1 times the diffraction limit) with a near-Gaussian spatial distribution. The emission originates from the laser dye Coumarin 545T, which is used as a dopant. Spectral coherence was determined by use of a double-slit interferometer. The interferometric distribution from our device approximates the interferometric pattern obtained from well-known lasers emitting at λ540nm.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. F. J. Duarte, ed., High Power Dye Lasers (Springer-Verlag, 1991).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. J. Duarte, Appl. Opt. 33, 3857 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Maslyukov, S. Solokov, M. Kaivola, K. Nyholm, and S. Popov, Appl. Opt. 34, 1516 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Costela, I. Garcia-Moreno, and R. Sastre, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 5, 4745 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. F. J. Duarte, Appl. Opt. 38, 6347 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Riechel, U. Lemmer, J. Feldmann, S. Berleb, A. G. Mückl, W. Brütting, A. Gombert, and V. Wittwer, Opt. Lett. 26, 593 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, T. Pertsch, N. Danz, A. Bräuer, E. B. Kley, H. Tillmann, C. Bader, and H. H. Hörhold, Appl. Phys. B 74, 333 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Xia, G. Heliotis, and D. D. C. Bradley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3599 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. Kranzelbinder and G. Leising, Rep. Prog. Phys. 63, 729 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. V. G. Kozlov, P. E. Burrows, G. Parthasarathy, and S. R. Forrest, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1057 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. A. Baldo, R. J. Holmes, and S. R. Forrest, Phys. Rev. B 66, 035321 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. H. Chen, J. L. Fox, F. J. Duarte, and J. J. Ehrlich, Appl. Opt. 27, 443 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. C. H. Chen and C. W. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3711 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  14. F. J. Duarte, L. S. Liao, K. M. Vaeth, and A. M. Miller are preparing a manuscript.
  15. L. S. Liao, K. P. Klubek, and C. W. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 167 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  16. F. J. Duarte, Opt. Commun. 103, 8 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  17. F. J. Duarte, Tunable Laser Optics (Elsevier, 2003).

2004 (1)

L. S. Liao, K. P. Klubek, and C. W. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

A. Costela, I. Garcia-Moreno, and R. Sastre, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 5, 4745 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Xia, G. Heliotis, and D. D. C. Bradley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3599 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, T. Pertsch, N. Danz, A. Bräuer, E. B. Kley, H. Tillmann, C. Bader, and H. H. Hörhold, Appl. Phys. B 74, 333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Baldo, R. J. Holmes, and S. R. Forrest, Phys. Rev. B 66, 035321 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

2000 (1)

G. Kranzelbinder and G. Leising, Rep. Prog. Phys. 63, 729 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

V. G. Kozlov, P. E. Burrows, G. Parthasarathy, and S. R. Forrest, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1057 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Duarte, Appl. Opt. 38, 6347 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

F. J. Duarte, Opt. Commun. 103, 8 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

Bader, C.

W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, T. Pertsch, N. Danz, A. Bräuer, E. B. Kley, H. Tillmann, C. Bader, and H. H. Hörhold, Appl. Phys. B 74, 333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Baldo, M. A.

M. A. Baldo, R. J. Holmes, and S. R. Forrest, Phys. Rev. B 66, 035321 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Berleb, S.

Bradley, D. D. C.

R. Xia, G. Heliotis, and D. D. C. Bradley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3599 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bräuer, A.

W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, T. Pertsch, N. Danz, A. Bräuer, E. B. Kley, H. Tillmann, C. Bader, and H. H. Hörhold, Appl. Phys. B 74, 333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Brütting, W.

Burrows, P. E.

V. G. Kozlov, P. E. Burrows, G. Parthasarathy, and S. R. Forrest, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1057 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. H.

Costela, A.

A. Costela, I. Garcia-Moreno, and R. Sastre, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 5, 4745 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Danz, N.

W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, T. Pertsch, N. Danz, A. Bräuer, E. B. Kley, H. Tillmann, C. Bader, and H. H. Hörhold, Appl. Phys. B 74, 333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Duarte, F. J.

F. J. Duarte, Appl. Opt. 38, 6347 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Duarte, Appl. Opt. 33, 3857 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. Duarte, Opt. Commun. 103, 8 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Chen, J. L. Fox, F. J. Duarte, and J. J. Ehrlich, Appl. Opt. 27, 443 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. Duarte, L. S. Liao, K. M. Vaeth, and A. M. Miller are preparing a manuscript.

F. J. Duarte, Tunable Laser Optics (Elsevier, 2003).

Ehrlich, J. J.

Feldmann, J.

Forrest, S. R.

M. A. Baldo, R. J. Holmes, and S. R. Forrest, Phys. Rev. B 66, 035321 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Kozlov, P. E. Burrows, G. Parthasarathy, and S. R. Forrest, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1057 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fox, J. L.

Garcia-Moreno, I.

A. Costela, I. Garcia-Moreno, and R. Sastre, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 5, 4745 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gombert, A.

Heliotis, G.

R. Xia, G. Heliotis, and D. D. C. Bradley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3599 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Holmes, R. J.

M. A. Baldo, R. J. Holmes, and S. R. Forrest, Phys. Rev. B 66, 035321 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Holzer, W.

W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, T. Pertsch, N. Danz, A. Bräuer, E. B. Kley, H. Tillmann, C. Bader, and H. H. Hörhold, Appl. Phys. B 74, 333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hörhold, H. H.

W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, T. Pertsch, N. Danz, A. Bräuer, E. B. Kley, H. Tillmann, C. Bader, and H. H. Hörhold, Appl. Phys. B 74, 333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kaivola, M.

Kley, E. B.

W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, T. Pertsch, N. Danz, A. Bräuer, E. B. Kley, H. Tillmann, C. Bader, and H. H. Hörhold, Appl. Phys. B 74, 333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Klubek, K. P.

L. S. Liao, K. P. Klubek, and C. W. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kozlov, V. G.

V. G. Kozlov, P. E. Burrows, G. Parthasarathy, and S. R. Forrest, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1057 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kranzelbinder, G.

G. Kranzelbinder and G. Leising, Rep. Prog. Phys. 63, 729 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Leising, G.

G. Kranzelbinder and G. Leising, Rep. Prog. Phys. 63, 729 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lemmer, U.

Liao, L. S.

L. S. Liao, K. P. Klubek, and C. W. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Duarte, L. S. Liao, K. M. Vaeth, and A. M. Miller are preparing a manuscript.

Maslyukov, A.

Miller, A. M.

F. J. Duarte, L. S. Liao, K. M. Vaeth, and A. M. Miller are preparing a manuscript.

Mückl, A. G.

Nyholm, K.

Parthasarathy, G.

V. G. Kozlov, P. E. Burrows, G. Parthasarathy, and S. R. Forrest, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1057 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Penzkofer, A.

W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, T. Pertsch, N. Danz, A. Bräuer, E. B. Kley, H. Tillmann, C. Bader, and H. H. Hörhold, Appl. Phys. B 74, 333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pertsch, T.

W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, T. Pertsch, N. Danz, A. Bräuer, E. B. Kley, H. Tillmann, C. Bader, and H. H. Hörhold, Appl. Phys. B 74, 333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Popov, S.

Riechel, S.

Sastre, R.

A. Costela, I. Garcia-Moreno, and R. Sastre, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 5, 4745 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Solokov, S.

Tang, C. W.

L. S. Liao, K. P. Klubek, and C. W. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Chen and C. W. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3711 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tillmann, H.

W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, T. Pertsch, N. Danz, A. Bräuer, E. B. Kley, H. Tillmann, C. Bader, and H. H. Hörhold, Appl. Phys. B 74, 333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vaeth, K. M.

F. J. Duarte, L. S. Liao, K. M. Vaeth, and A. M. Miller are preparing a manuscript.

Wittwer, V.

Xia, R.

R. Xia, G. Heliotis, and D. D. C. Bradley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3599 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

W. Holzer, A. Penzkofer, T. Pertsch, N. Danz, A. Bräuer, E. B. Kley, H. Tillmann, C. Bader, and H. H. Hörhold, Appl. Phys. B 74, 333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

R. Xia, G. Heliotis, and D. D. C. Bradley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3599 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Kozlov, P. E. Burrows, G. Parthasarathy, and S. R. Forrest, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1057 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Chen and C. W. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3711 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Liao, K. P. Klubek, and C. W. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

F. J. Duarte, Opt. Commun. 103, 8 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

A. Costela, I. Garcia-Moreno, and R. Sastre, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 5, 4745 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. A. Baldo, R. J. Holmes, and S. R. Forrest, Phys. Rev. B 66, 035321 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

G. Kranzelbinder and G. Leising, Rep. Prog. Phys. 63, 729 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

F. J. Duarte, ed., High Power Dye Lasers (Springer-Verlag, 1991).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Duarte, L. S. Liao, K. M. Vaeth, and A. M. Miller are preparing a manuscript.

F. J. Duarte, Tunable Laser Optics (Elsevier, 2003).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Electrically excited tandem OLED configured with two spatial filters in series (see text). (b) Tandem OLED configured with the two-slit interferometer. The source is s, the slit array is j, and the interference plane is x.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Digital profile of the near-Gaussian emission at z = 40 mm . Each pixel is 25 μ m wide. (b) Photographic profile of the near-Gaussian emission at z = 340 mm . The full width of the beam is 1.7 mm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Digital profile of the two-slit interference that results from illumination with the electrically excited tandem OLED configured as illustrated in Fig. 1(b). Background signal variations are due to detector noise. (b) Digital profile of the two-slit interference that results from illumination with a He–Ne laser at λ 543.3 nm . In both cases the slits are 50 μ m wide and separated by 50 μ m ; z = 50 mm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Photographs of two-slit interferograms that resulted from illumination with (a) high-power emission from a Coumarin 545 T laser and (b) the electrically excited tandem OLED configured as outlined in Fig. 1(b). The slits are 50 μ m wide and separated by 50 μ m ; z = 175 mm .

Metrics