Abstract

We demonstrate a mode-locked, erbium-doped fiber laser with its repetition frequency synchronized to a second fiber laser via an intracavity electro-optic modulator (EOM). With servo control from the EOM (bandwidth 230kHz) and a slower speed intracavity piezoelectric transducer (resonance at 20kHz), we demonstrate stabilization of the repetition frequency with an in-loop rms timing jitter of 10fs, integrated over a bandwidth from 1Hzto100kHz. This represents what is to our knowledge the first time an EOM has been introduced inside a mode-locked laser cavity for fast servo action and the lowest timing jitter reported for a mode-locked fiber laser.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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2005 (3)

C. Daussey, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. B 94, 203904 (2005).

P. Kubina, P. Adel, F. Adler, G. Grosche, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, A. Leitenstorfer, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, Opt. Express 13, 904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, J. Ye, and D. J. Jones, Opt. Lett. 30, 1225 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

2003 (5)

2002 (1)

1997 (1)

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. R. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

Adel, P.

Adler, F.

Amy-Klein, A.

C. Daussey, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. B 94, 203904 (2005).

Bergquist, J. C.

Bize, S.

C. Daussey, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. B 94, 203904 (2005).

J. Ye, J.-L. Peng, R. J. Jones, K. W. Holman, J. L. Hall, D. J. Jones, S. Diddams, J. Kitching, S. Bize, J. C. Bergquist, L. W. Hollberg, L. Robertsson, and L.-S. Ma, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1459 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chambon, D.

C. Daussey, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. B 94, 203904 (2005).

Chardonnet, C.

C. Daussey, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. B 94, 203904 (2005).

Clairon, A.

C. Daussey, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. B 94, 203904 (2005).

Cundiff, S. T.

Daussey, C.

C. Daussey, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. B 94, 203904 (2005).

Diddams, S.

Diddams, S. A.

Fortier, T. M.

Goncharov, A.

C. Daussey, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. B 94, 203904 (2005).

Gordon, J. P.

Grein, M. E.

Grosche, G.

Guinet, M.

C. Daussey, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. B 94, 203904 (2005).

Hall, J. L.

Hänsch, T. W.

Haus, H. A.

Haverkamp, N.

Hirai, A.

Hollberg, L. W.

Holman, K. W.

Holzwarth, R.

Hong, F.-L.

Hudson, D. D.

Hundertmark, H.

Inaba, H.

Ippen, E. P.

L. A. Jiang, M. E. Grein, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and H. Yokoyama, Opt. Lett. 28, 78 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. R. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, L. A.

Jones, D. J.

Jones, R. J.

Jorgensen, C. G.

Kitching, J.

Kubina, P.

Leitenstorfer, A.

Leitenstorfer, F. A.

Lipphardt, B.

Lopez, O.

C. Daussey, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. B 94, 203904 (2005).

Lours, M.

C. Daussey, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. B 94, 203904 (2005).

Luiten, A. N.

C. Daussey, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. B 94, 203904 (2005).

Ma, L.-S.

Matsumoto, H.

Minoshima, K.

Narbonneau, F.

C. Daussey, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. B 94, 203904 (2005).

Nelson, L. E.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. R. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Newbury, N. R.

Nicholson, J. W.

Onae, A.

Peng, J.-L.

Rauschenberger, J.

Robertsson, L.

Santarelli, G.

C. Daussey, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. B 94, 203904 (2005).

Schnatz, H.

Sugiura, T.

Takada, H.

Tamura, K. R.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. R. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tauser, F.

Telle, H. R.

Tobar, M. E.

C. Daussey, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. B 94, 203904 (2005).

Wandt, D.

Washburn, B. R.

Yan, M. F.

Ye, J.

Yokoyama, H.

Yoshida, M.

Zinth, W.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. R. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. B 65, 277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

C. Daussey, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, Phys. Rev. B 94, 203904 (2005).

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the fiber laser with intracavity EOM and intracavity PZT. The output coupler is the polarizing beam splitter (PBS). A half-wave plate after the optical isolator allows for polarization adjustment into the e-wave axis of the EOM. BFP, birefringent tuning plate; SMF, single-mode fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical spectrum of the fiber laser pulses.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Step response of the EOM measured at increasing input voltages. The ordinate axis shows the phase change of the 80th harmonic of the repetition frequency signal. The voltage step turns on at 0 ms on the plot and stays on for 10 ms . The repetition frequency change of the laser reaches a limit of around 1 kHz (at the 80th harmonic) at a maximum of 500   V across the EOM. The inset shows the change of the 80th harmonic of the repetition frequency of the laser with increasing voltage across the EOM. (b) Transfer function of the EOM. The 3 dB roll-off frequency is approximately 230 kHz , while the phase lag reaches 90° at approximately 200 kHz .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Jitter spectral density (left axis) and single-sideband phase noise (right axis) for locking the 80th harmonic of the repetition frequency ( 7.5 GHz ) of the laser to the second fiber laser. (b) The free-running rms jitter is around 1800 fs . With the intracavity EOM used in conjunction with the PZT, the integrated rms jitter is reduced to 10 fs . The noise floor of the measurement is limited by the thermal noise, which has an integrated rms jitter over 1 Hz to 100 kHz of less than 5 fs .

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