Abstract

We report on the demonstration of surface-emitted terahertz- (THz-) wave difference-frequency generation from two-dimensional (2D) periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN). The two orthogonal periodic structures individually compensate for both the phase mismatch of the launched lasers and the generated THz wave. Tunable 1.5–1.8 THz wave generation with a bandwidth of 10-GHz was obtained by use of two 2D PPLN crystals. We also confirmed that THz waves were simultaneously generated into two opposite directions, which suggests the possibility of higher THz-wave output power.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. W. Shi, Y. J. Ding, N. Fernelius, and K. Vodopyanov, Opt. Lett. 27, 1454 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. E. Powers, R. A. Alkuwari, J. W. Haus, K. Suizu, and H. Ito, Opt. Lett. 30, 640 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Shall, H. Helm, and S. R. Keiding, Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 20, 595 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. B. Khurgin, D. Yang, and Y. J. Ding, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 340 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Yu. H. Avetisyan, A. A. Hakhoumian, H. K. Melikyan, V. R. Tatevosyan, H. Ito, and Y. Sasaki, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2005 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CWM4.
  6. Yu. Avetisyan and K. Kocharyan, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 1999 (Optical Society of America, 1999), pp. 380–381.
  7. C. Weiss, G. Torosyan, Yu. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, Opt. Lett. 26, 563 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Sasaki, Yu. Avetisyan, K. Kawase, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3323 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. G.R. Broderick, G. W. Ross, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, and D. C. Hanna, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4345 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Y. Sasaki, H. Yokoyama, and H. Ito, Opt. Express 12, 3066 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. P. K. Tien, R. Ulrih, and R. J. Martin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 447 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Yu. Avetisyan, C. Weiss, G. Torosyan, and R. Beigang, in Proc. SPIE,  4490, 134 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. M. Pikett, R. L. Poynter, E. A. Cohen, M. L. Delitsky, J. C. Pearson, and H. S.P. Muller, Submillimeter, Millimeter, and Microwave Spectral Line Catalog, JPL Publication 80-23 (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1996).

2005

2004

2002

Y. Sasaki, Yu. Avetisyan, K. Kawase, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3323 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi, Y. J. Ding, N. Fernelius, and K. Vodopyanov, Opt. Lett. 27, 1454 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

2000

N. G.R. Broderick, G. W. Ross, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, and D. C. Hanna, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4345 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

M. Shall, H. Helm, and S. R. Keiding, Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 20, 595 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1970

P. K. Tien, R. Ulrih, and R. J. Martin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 447 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Alkuwari, R. A.

Avetisyan, Yu.

Y. Sasaki, Yu. Avetisyan, K. Kawase, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3323 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Weiss, G. Torosyan, Yu. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, Opt. Lett. 26, 563 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yu. Avetisyan, C. Weiss, G. Torosyan, and R. Beigang, in Proc. SPIE,  4490, 134 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yu. Avetisyan and K. Kocharyan, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 1999 (Optical Society of America, 1999), pp. 380–381.

Avetisyan, Yu. H.

Yu. H. Avetisyan, A. A. Hakhoumian, H. K. Melikyan, V. R. Tatevosyan, H. Ito, and Y. Sasaki, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2005 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CWM4.

Beigang, R.

C. Weiss, G. Torosyan, Yu. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, Opt. Lett. 26, 563 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yu. Avetisyan, C. Weiss, G. Torosyan, and R. Beigang, in Proc. SPIE,  4490, 134 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Broderick, N. G.R.

N. G.R. Broderick, G. W. Ross, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, and D. C. Hanna, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4345 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cohen, E. A.

H. M. Pikett, R. L. Poynter, E. A. Cohen, M. L. Delitsky, J. C. Pearson, and H. S.P. Muller, Submillimeter, Millimeter, and Microwave Spectral Line Catalog, JPL Publication 80-23 (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1996).

Delitsky, M. L.

H. M. Pikett, R. L. Poynter, E. A. Cohen, M. L. Delitsky, J. C. Pearson, and H. S.P. Muller, Submillimeter, Millimeter, and Microwave Spectral Line Catalog, JPL Publication 80-23 (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1996).

Ding, Y. J.

Fernelius, N.

Hakhoumian, A. A.

Yu. H. Avetisyan, A. A. Hakhoumian, H. K. Melikyan, V. R. Tatevosyan, H. Ito, and Y. Sasaki, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2005 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CWM4.

Hanna, D. C.

N. G.R. Broderick, G. W. Ross, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, and D. C. Hanna, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4345 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haus, J. W.

Helm, H.

M. Shall, H. Helm, and S. R. Keiding, Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 20, 595 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ito, H.

P. E. Powers, R. A. Alkuwari, J. W. Haus, K. Suizu, and H. Ito, Opt. Lett. 30, 640 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Sasaki, H. Yokoyama, and H. Ito, Opt. Express 12, 3066 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Sasaki, Yu. Avetisyan, K. Kawase, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3323 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yu. H. Avetisyan, A. A. Hakhoumian, H. K. Melikyan, V. R. Tatevosyan, H. Ito, and Y. Sasaki, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2005 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CWM4.

Kawase, K.

Y. Sasaki, Yu. Avetisyan, K. Kawase, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3323 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Keiding, S. R.

M. Shall, H. Helm, and S. R. Keiding, Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 20, 595 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Khurgin, J. B.

Kocharyan, K.

Yu. Avetisyan and K. Kocharyan, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 1999 (Optical Society of America, 1999), pp. 380–381.

Martin, R. J.

P. K. Tien, R. Ulrih, and R. J. Martin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 447 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Melikyan, H. K.

Yu. H. Avetisyan, A. A. Hakhoumian, H. K. Melikyan, V. R. Tatevosyan, H. Ito, and Y. Sasaki, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2005 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CWM4.

Muller, H. S.P.

H. M. Pikett, R. L. Poynter, E. A. Cohen, M. L. Delitsky, J. C. Pearson, and H. S.P. Muller, Submillimeter, Millimeter, and Microwave Spectral Line Catalog, JPL Publication 80-23 (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1996).

Offerhaus, H. L.

N. G.R. Broderick, G. W. Ross, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, and D. C. Hanna, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4345 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pearson, J. C.

H. M. Pikett, R. L. Poynter, E. A. Cohen, M. L. Delitsky, J. C. Pearson, and H. S.P. Muller, Submillimeter, Millimeter, and Microwave Spectral Line Catalog, JPL Publication 80-23 (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1996).

Pikett, H. M.

H. M. Pikett, R. L. Poynter, E. A. Cohen, M. L. Delitsky, J. C. Pearson, and H. S.P. Muller, Submillimeter, Millimeter, and Microwave Spectral Line Catalog, JPL Publication 80-23 (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1996).

Powers, P. E.

Poynter, R. L.

H. M. Pikett, R. L. Poynter, E. A. Cohen, M. L. Delitsky, J. C. Pearson, and H. S.P. Muller, Submillimeter, Millimeter, and Microwave Spectral Line Catalog, JPL Publication 80-23 (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1996).

Richardson, D. J.

N. G.R. Broderick, G. W. Ross, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, and D. C. Hanna, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4345 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ross, G. W.

N. G.R. Broderick, G. W. Ross, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, and D. C. Hanna, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4345 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sasaki, Y.

Y. Sasaki, H. Yokoyama, and H. Ito, Opt. Express 12, 3066 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Sasaki, Yu. Avetisyan, K. Kawase, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3323 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yu. H. Avetisyan, A. A. Hakhoumian, H. K. Melikyan, V. R. Tatevosyan, H. Ito, and Y. Sasaki, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2005 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CWM4.

Shall, M.

M. Shall, H. Helm, and S. R. Keiding, Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 20, 595 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shi, W.

Suizu, K.

Tatevosyan, V. R.

Yu. H. Avetisyan, A. A. Hakhoumian, H. K. Melikyan, V. R. Tatevosyan, H. Ito, and Y. Sasaki, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2005 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CWM4.

Tien, P. K.

P. K. Tien, R. Ulrih, and R. J. Martin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 447 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Torosyan, G.

Yu. Avetisyan, C. Weiss, G. Torosyan, and R. Beigang, in Proc. SPIE,  4490, 134 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Weiss, G. Torosyan, Yu. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, Opt. Lett. 26, 563 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ulrih, R.

P. K. Tien, R. Ulrih, and R. J. Martin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 447 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Vodopyanov, K.

Weiss, C.

C. Weiss, G. Torosyan, Yu. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, Opt. Lett. 26, 563 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yu. Avetisyan, C. Weiss, G. Torosyan, and R. Beigang, in Proc. SPIE,  4490, 134 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yang, D.

Yokoyama, H.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Y. Sasaki, Yu. Avetisyan, K. Kawase, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3323 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. K. Tien, R. Ulrih, and R. J. Martin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 447 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves

M. Shall, H. Helm, and S. R. Keiding, Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 20, 595 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

N. G.R. Broderick, G. W. Ross, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson, and D. C. Hanna, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4345 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE

Yu. Avetisyan, C. Weiss, G. Torosyan, and R. Beigang, in Proc. SPIE,  4490, 134 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other

H. M. Pikett, R. L. Poynter, E. A. Cohen, M. L. Delitsky, J. C. Pearson, and H. S.P. Muller, Submillimeter, Millimeter, and Microwave Spectral Line Catalog, JPL Publication 80-23 (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1996).

Yu. H. Avetisyan, A. A. Hakhoumian, H. K. Melikyan, V. R. Tatevosyan, H. Ito, and Y. Sasaki, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2005 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CWM4.

Yu. Avetisyan and K. Kocharyan, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 1999 (Optical Society of America, 1999), pp. 380–381.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Wavenumber vector diagrams for SE DFG: (a) one-dimensional, (b) quasi-two-dimensional with slanted-PPLN, (c) 2D periodic structures with 2D PPLN.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic illustration of 2D PPLN. Ps indicates the spontaneous polarization of the crystal. The top view of the 2D PPLN for 1.7 THz generation is also shown.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

THz-wavelength tuning curve of 2D PPLNs. The solid and dashed curves show tunability of the THz wave from PPLN designed for 1.7 ( 176 μ m ) and 1.5 ( 200 μ m ) THz generation, respectively. The maximum THz output frequency at 1.55 THz corresponded to the theoretical value obtained with a detection angle of 89.3°. The water vapor absorption lines are also indicated by the vertical lines.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

k Λ x = 2 π Λ SE = k 1 k 2 ,
k Λ y = 2 π Λ THz = k THz ,

Metrics