Abstract

We present experimental depth-resolved complete polarization-sensitive measurements of a stack of linear retarders and glass plates by using what is to the best of our knowledge the first combination of a confocal imaging system with a complete Mueller matrix polarimeter. The axially resolved Mueller matrices were compared with a forward simulation, with good agreement.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. F. de Boer and T. E. Milner, J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 359 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. Pircher, E. Goetzinger, R. Leitgeb, and C. K. Hitzenberger, Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 1257 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. Jiao, G. Yao, and L. V. Wang, Appl. Opt. 39, 6318 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. A. Chipman, in Handbook of Optics, M. Bass, ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1995), Vol. 2, Chap. 22, pp. 22.1–22.37.
  5. D. Lara and C. Dainty, “Axially resolved complete polarization sensitive imaging with a confocal Mueller matrix imaging polarimeter,” Appl. Opt.
  6. E. Compain, S. Poirier, and B. Drevillon, Appl. Opt. 38, 3490 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S.-Y. Lu and R. A. Chipman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 1106 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (1)

M. Pircher, E. Goetzinger, R. Leitgeb, and C. K. Hitzenberger, Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 1257 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

J. F. de Boer and T. E. Milner, J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 359 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

1996 (1)

Chipman, R. A.

S.-Y. Lu and R. A. Chipman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 1106 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Chipman, in Handbook of Optics, M. Bass, ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1995), Vol. 2, Chap. 22, pp. 22.1–22.37.

Compain, E.

Dainty, C.

D. Lara and C. Dainty, “Axially resolved complete polarization sensitive imaging with a confocal Mueller matrix imaging polarimeter,” Appl. Opt.

de Boer, J. F.

J. F. de Boer and T. E. Milner, J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 359 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drevillon, B.

Goetzinger, E.

M. Pircher, E. Goetzinger, R. Leitgeb, and C. K. Hitzenberger, Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 1257 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hitzenberger, C. K.

M. Pircher, E. Goetzinger, R. Leitgeb, and C. K. Hitzenberger, Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 1257 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiao, S.

Lara, D.

D. Lara and C. Dainty, “Axially resolved complete polarization sensitive imaging with a confocal Mueller matrix imaging polarimeter,” Appl. Opt.

Leitgeb, R.

M. Pircher, E. Goetzinger, R. Leitgeb, and C. K. Hitzenberger, Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 1257 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, S.-Y.

Milner, T. E.

J. F. de Boer and T. E. Milner, J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 359 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pircher, M.

M. Pircher, E. Goetzinger, R. Leitgeb, and C. K. Hitzenberger, Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 1257 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poirier, S.

Wang, L. V.

Yao, G.

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

J. F. de Boer and T. E. Milner, J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 359 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Phys. Med. Biol. (1)

M. Pircher, E. Goetzinger, R. Leitgeb, and C. K. Hitzenberger, Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 1257 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

R. A. Chipman, in Handbook of Optics, M. Bass, ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1995), Vol. 2, Chap. 22, pp. 22.1–22.37.

D. Lara and C. Dainty, “Axially resolved complete polarization sensitive imaging with a confocal Mueller matrix imaging polarimeter,” Appl. Opt.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental confocal Mueller matrix imaging polarimeter. ND, neutral-density; Glan-Taylor, prism; Pockels 1, Pockels 2, Pockels cells; M1, mirror; L1, lens; Obj1–Obj3, objective lenses; D1–D4, photodetectors; Bs1–Bs3, beam splitters; PBs4, polarizing beam splitter; Ph, pinhole; Qwp, quarter-wave plate; P0, P45, linear polarizers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Axial Mueller matrix scan with a 5 μ m (4 optical units radius) confocal pinhole of the stack of retarders. The scale for the off-diagonal elements is three times smaller than for the diagonal elements.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Total retardance and (b) angle of linear retardance of the experimental and simulated Mueller matrices of the interfaces.

Equations (1)

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C dp ( θ 1 ) = E R ( θ 1 ) V R ( θ 1 ) E R ( θ 1 ) V R ( θ 1 ) ,

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